You’ve heard that China is creating a social credit system. This is the system where the Chinese government ranks people based on whether they conform to dictated social norms.
In this video, Antonio Hmaidi, a Ph.D. candidate in East Asian Economics discusses the impact what Chinese social credit system and its potential influence on China. Unlike many overviews we find on the web, she provides detailed background and analysis.
She points out that over 70 pilot programs are currently running, each running slightly different in order to find the best way to implement a national program. She considers a few specific pilot programs and identifies possible effects such applications could have on Chinese society.
I’ve wanted to write on this topic for a while but instead will have to settle for a few comments and an offering of links for those who want to dig deeper.
1. Perceptions of the Social Credit System
In Part One, she shows how the social credit system is perceived in China and the West. Many Chinese do not even know this system exists (or is coming into existence). The government presents the system as a way of fostering trust between people. As Hmaidi states, many outsiders do not realize that “trust is a rare commodity” in China.
By contrast, she quotes a Western scholar who says, “What China is doing is selectively breading its population to select against the train of critical, independent thinking.”
2. The System’s Design
In the second part of her talk, Hmaidi examines various public predecessors to the forthcoming Chinese social credit system. The key idea that underlies each of these pilot programs is this: China wants to link people with their conduct.
She explains, “Chinese citizens are divided into trustworthy individuals and trust-breakers.” So, the idea goes, by linking people closer to a uniting social system, people are held accountable and thus become more trustworthy. Hmaidi dives deep into the system’s potential rewards and punishments received by individuals.
In effect, China’s social credit system is a way of commodifying “face.” The entire project works through public shaming.
A Social Credit System with American Characteristics?
One article poses a provocative question, “Chinese-Style Social Credits System a Harbinger of US’s Future?” The writer states:
That is the fundamental reason both the Chinese and Western governments are resorting to moral micromanagement of the population: having undermined and rejected the religious foundations of virtue, governments replace it with a secular system of rewards and punishments to “nudge” the populace into virtue, with the stronger threats of PC police and bands of thugs to be used on particularly stubborn individuals and groups. Government is our new conscience, because God is too great a threat to the established secular order.In China, the system is far more organized than in the United States and is directed toward supporting traditional virtues. In the United States, the process is a combination of threats and stealth and is directed toward undermining conventional virtues in order, apparently, to increase the spread of dependency and thus greater voter support for big government.
Are we not already moving into an Americanized version of a social credit system? If you can’t imagine it, recall the “Black Mirror” episode concerning social media. For those of you who’ve missed it, the first video below shows what a social media credit system might look like.
And here is what happens when the system goes haywire.
Black Mirror Airport Scene (2:52)
OTHER ARTICLES AND SITES
Here is a big link dump for those interested in reading more.
The West may be wrong about China’s social credit system (Washington Post)
China’s Orwellian Social Credit Score Isn’t Real (Foreign Policy)
Understanding China’s Social Credit System and What it Means for Consumers (Branding in Asia)
When Is ‘Social Credit’ Orwellian? (Forbes)
At around 2:25, the video reiterates a key idea about the social credit system: “It works because people want to save face.”