Yesterday I started a blog post on the most recent internet dustup over the label “Pagan.” I got a page into it before I decided I didn’t really want to stoke this particular fire again.
Then today I came across this piece by P. Sufenas Virius Lupus titled “Bringing Back the Gods.” He referenced Sam Webster’s call to rebuild the cult of the gods, then asked “why are so many Pagans leaving them out of their theology?” As a hard polytheist who’s on speaking terms with several goddesses and gods, I think including them in our theology is a good and necessary thing.
But then he denigrated the idea of Nature worship and said “I think that any definition of ‘Paganism’ that tries to make the gods less important, irrelevant, or anomalous is entirely wrong.”
And there’s this piece by Alison Lilly, who described herself as a “natural polytheist who finds her gods in the rivers and mountains” and compared theology to vivisection. She said “The challenge is to delve into theology without killing its subject, to try our hand at analysis and critical thinking without pretending that the numinous divine is a dead thing that will hold still beneath our careful knives.”
I think Alison is on to something.
First, I’m in favor of “Big Tent” Paganism. When someone says “Pagan” I want that to include hard polytheists, humanistic Pagans, Nature worshipers, hedge witches, shamans, ancestor worshipers and anyone else with similar beliefs and practices. That doesn’t mean I want us all doing the same Wicca-lite ritual at the Solstice. It means I want us talking to each other, cooperating with each other, and learning from each other.
If that makes it impossible to draw clear lines around what is and isn’t “Pagan” so be it. The idea that if a term can’t be precisely defined then it doesn’t mean anything simply isn’t true. “Pagan” means something – we’re arguing about what that something is. I’m advocating for as loose a definition as possible.
That’s all I want to say about the label “Pagan.”
Back to Alison’s comments on theology. I like theology. I’m infinitely curious and I’m particularly curious about these beings we call gods. I want to apply all my powers of observation and reason to my experiences of the gods. I want to read the works of great philosophers and theologians of the past and present and see how they compare to my own thoughts. I want to build a model of the Universe so I can better understand my place in it, and I want to continually refine that model.
Obviously some of those options strike me as more likely and some are more meaningful to me than others. But if you’re standing there beside me I’m not going to insist I’m right and you’re wrong.
This is the challenge of liberal religion – the tension of faith and uncertainty. In order to grow past a very basic level, much less advance the state of the art of our still-new religion(s), we must act with certainty.
I have to pray, meditate and make offerings as though I have no doubts Cernunnos is a real, distinct, individual being. I have to approach a Drawing Down ritual as though I have no doubts he will share my body with me. I have to interpret my experiences and order my life as though I have no doubts he is a god and that he wants me to be his priest.
But I’m a child of the modern and post-modern West – I do have doubts. My task isn’t to pretend they don’t exist. My task is to do what I need and want to do despite those doubts.
And because I acknowledge my doubts, I can also acknowledge that the humanist or the soft polytheist standing beside me in the circle might be right… or perhaps just less wrong than me. If nothing else, the debate and discussion forces me to continually re-examine and refine my own thoughts and beliefs.
In her follow-up to PSVL’s essay, Patheos Pagan manager Christine Kraemer says “in the circuitous route I took to my current religious practice, I’ve assumed a more and more polytheistic worldview … because in my spiritual explorations, polytheistic practices produced deeper, more transformative, and more ecstatic experiences.” This has been my experience as well. I didn’t start out to become a polytheist, but the more and deeper I practiced the more the old goddesses and gods interacted with me as individual beings.
This has been very meaningful and helpful to me. I’m going to continue working to deepen and strengthen this practice. I’m going to tell write about it and tell anyone who cares to read what I’m doing, how I’m doing it, and what results I’m getting. I hope more and more of you will try similar practices and get similar results. I really do want to rebuild the cults of my goddesses and gods.
But if you see things differently, I still want you in the Big Tent of Paganism. Have a seat in whatever section appeals to you, and say hello to some of the folks you don’t already know.