Honoring or Sacralizing the Dead

Honoring or Sacralizing the Dead May 25, 2015

U.S. national holidays generally bring out the worst of American civil religion. A sure fire way to justify any human enterprise is to invoke divine sanction. This becomes especially important when the lives of humans are on the line. If you fight a war, doing so to defend territory, family, and a way of life are good reasons for combat. But how much better if you can claim or imply that divine purposes are at stake? Perhaps no better example of this was Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s speech to the American people on the eve of D-Day (June 6, 1944). To bolster the public, FDR chose to pray:

My Fellow Americans:

Last night, when I spoke with you about the fall of Rome, I knew at that moment that troops of the United States and our Allies were crossing the Channel in another and greater operation. It has come to pass with success thus far.

And so, in this poignant hour, I ask you to join with me in prayer:

Almighty God: Our sons, pride of our nation, this day have set upon a mighty endeavor, a struggle to preserve our Republic, our religion, and our civilization, and to set free a suffering humanity.

Lead them straight and true; give strength to their arms, stoutness to their hearts, steadfastness in their faith.

They will need Thy blessings. Their road will be long and hard. For the enemy is strong. He may hurl back our forces. Success may not come with rushing speed, but we shall return again and again; and we know that by Thy grace, and by the righteousness of our cause, our sons will triumph.

They will be sore tried, by night and by day, without rest — until the victory is won. The darkness will be rent by noise and flame. Men’s souls will be shaken with the violences of war.

For these men are lately drawn from the ways of peace. They fight not for the lust of conquest. They fight to end conquest. They fight to liberate. They fight to let justice arise, and tolerance and goodwill among all Thy people. They yearn but for the end of battle, for their return to the haven of home.

Some will never return. Embrace these, Father, and receive them, Thy heroic servants, into Thy kingdom.

And for us at home — fathers, mothers, children, wives, sisters, and brothers of brave men overseas, whose thoughts and prayers are ever with them — help us, Almighty God, to rededicate ourselves in renewed faith in Thee in this hour of great sacrifice.

Many people have urged that I call the nation into a single day of special prayer. But because the road is long and the desire is great, I ask that our people devote themselves in a continuance of prayer. As we rise to each new day, and again when each day is spent, let words of prayer be on our lips, invoking Thy help to our efforts.

Give us strength, too — strength in our daily tasks, to redouble the contributions we make in the physical and the material support of our armed forces.

And let our hearts be stout, to wait out the long travail, to bear sorrows that may come, to impart our courage unto our sons wheresoever they may be.

And, O Lord, give us faith. Give us faith in Thee; faith in our sons; faith in each other; faith in our united crusade. Let not the keeness of our spirit ever be dulled. Let not the impacts of temporary events, of temporal matters of but fleeting moment — let not these deter us in our unconquerable purpose.

With Thy blessing, we shall prevail over the unholy forces of our enemy. Help us to conquer the apostles of greed and racial arrogances. Lead us to the saving of our country, and with our sister nations into a world unity that will spell a sure peace — a peace invulnerable to the schemings of unworthy men. And a peace that will let all of men live in freedom, reaping the just rewards of their honest toil.

Thy will be done, Almighty God.


But should churches have higher standards than nations for such confusion of the sacred and secular? The answer is of course, unless the partisans of the United States think God has a special purpose in what is truly a great nation. Chances are, though, that pastors will invoke God’s blessing and approval as much on Memorial Day as politicians.

For instance, I noticed this morning at SBC Today that in wishing readers a “blessed” Memorial Day, the blogging team chose 1 John 3:16 as the verse by which Americans might remember the dead: “This is how we know what love is: Jesus Christ laid down his life for us. And we ought to lay down our lives for our brothers and sisters.”

No commentary follows so readers may well be prone to two kinds of confusion: 1) to liken the sacrificial death of Jesus to the sacrifices that soldiers made when giving up their lives for their country; or 2) to compare the deaths of soldiers to the kind of sacrifices that John was encouraging believers to make for fellow Christians. Either way, someone is taking a sacred or Christian truth and identifying it with a national or secular enterprise. (And some Americans wonder why Muslims get upset with the U.S. military presence in previously Muslim territories.)

Honoring the lives of soldiers who served their country nobly and heroically is a valuable activity and one that is worthwhile for citizens who claim to be Christian. But conflating the service of soldiers or the aims of the nation with the cause of Christ is not. On a day when many Americans are remembering the dead, spending a little time to ponder the difference between a national holiday and a real Holy Day might be especially important for the baptized citizens.

Image By Rivers Langley

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