Getting the focus right for nonbelief

Getting the focus right for nonbelief September 10, 2014

Eyeglasses and eye chartIf you identify with a religious denomination, researchers almost certainly know how many of you there are. Hell, they probably know how you like your eggs. But the most they usually know about me is that I’m a “None.”

I’m an atheist, a word I use to indicate my confident opinion that no gods of any kind or number exist. (More in a later post on why I find more passive definitions less useful.) But most general surveys don’t include “atheist” as a category, much less secular humanist, my real preference. When they ask for religious identity, they usually offer a long list of Christian denominations. Other religions, like Judaism, Islam, Buddhism, etc., despite also being rich with branches and divisions of their own, are reduced to the single big worldview label. But my only choice, most of the time, is the last box: NONE.

So I’m a None.

But here’s why the “Nones” category is just about meaningless. A good friend of mine believes in God, believes that salvation is attainable only through a personal relationship with Jesus Christ, prays daily, and has painted Psalm texts scrolling around the border of her living room ceiling. She attends a non-denominational church twice a week. But she describes herself as “little if at all religious” and eschews all denominations. So she too is a NONE.

Atheists get very excited about the fact that one in five people in the U.S. have no religious affiliation — up from 8% in 1990. But two-thirds of those Nones are like my friend — they shun affiliation, but they believe in God.

Still excited?

A belief category that includes both me and my praying, churchgoing, Psalm-scrolling friend doesn’t add much to our understanding of people like me — actual nontheists.

Ask the average American what an atheist is like and you’ll probably get the angry anti-religious stereotype — a description that fits some atheists, but not all, or even most. So we’re given a choice — zoom out too wide and see us as “Nones,” or zoom in too tight and see us as only anti-theists. That’s okay with a lot of movement atheists, since an outsized number in the movement are anti-theists. Which makes sense: Anti-theists are the first to leave the churches, so the freethought movement is replete with them.

Fortunately, as the profile and number of nonbelievers continue to grow, researchers are painting a more complete picture.

Last year, University of Tennessee researchers Christopher Silver and Thomas Coleman created a study to drill down into religious disbelief in America, to get beyond both the cartoon of the angry atheist and the vague mush of the “Nones” to a better understanding of the true variety of nonbelievers. Their results provide one of the bright, gleaming keys to understanding why marriages between believers and nonbelievers so often succeed, as well as why they sometimes fail.

Silver and Coleman knew from their own experiences with atheists and agnostics that they are not all alike. Their study, which surveyed more than 1,150 nonbelievers, provided the best description to date of just how that variety plays out.

“The only thing all of our participants had in common was that they do not believe in a God,” says Silver. “It’s what they do or don’t do with that
non belief — how it functions and exists in their lives — that ranges on an extremely wide spectrum.”

I’ll lay out that spectrum next time.

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7 responses to “Getting the focus right for nonbelief”

  1. Hi, I’m so glad to see a new blog here!
    Personally, I think the stress should not be on the Theist/Atheist dichotomy, but on Secularism instead.
    After all, I know so many religious people strongly believing they too can thrive in a secular State, whereas many Atheists are disrespectful-to-intolerant towards their religious neighbours.

  2. “I’m an atheist, meaning I am of the confident opinion that no gods of any kind or number exist.”

    Why must you use an incomplete, non-standard definition? You might better have said, “I am of the confident opinion that no gods of any kind or number exist. As such, I’m aligned with a minority segment of atheism.”

  3. Sorry, I don’t follow, which I’m sure is me. Can you give what you would consider a more complete, standard definition?

  4. Atheism is the absence of _belief_ in gods. The majority of atheists simply lack belief without declaring that no gods exist. Read up on weak atheist vs strong atheist and note that one can deny the existence of some gods while simply lacking belief in others. Then contemplate where agnosticism comes in. For example, I’m an agnostic atheist because I cannot _know_ for sure, but don’t _believe_ due to lack of evidence.

  5. I agree that it would be great to work together towards a better secular country.

    It is true but unfortunate that some atheists are disrespectful and/or intolerant of their religious neighbors. I would argue that the same is true – and to a greater degree, perhaps because of their greater numbers – of Christians towards atheists, at least in the U.S. The Bible is cited as the authority and reason for all kinds of actions and laws in our supposedly secular country. I’m happy for people to practice their religion as long as those involved are consenting adults, but I’m tired of them trying to regulate birth control, abortion, gay marriage, and sex education based on the dictates of their religion.

  6. So happy to find a newsletter that is more positive than negative. If you treat others with courtesy and respect THEN you can expect the same in return.

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