Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty Three

p. 377--- The passages in which Paul deals with res. in probable chronological order are according to Sanders 1 Thess. 4.13-18; 1 Cor. 15; 2 Cor. 3.18-5.10; Phil. 1.23-24; 2.16-17;3.10-11; 3.20-21; Rom. 6.5; 8.18-30; 13.11-12. Two verbs are used anistemi and egeirein, usually Jesus is the object of res. i.e. God raised him from the dead, attributing the power to God (Rom.4.24; 8.11 cf. 1 Thess. 1.10; 1 Cor. 6.14 etc). In 2 Cor. 1.9 God is said to raise the dead plural, meaning Christ and … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty Two

p. 369--- “On the basis of first-century evidence, then, there is no reason to regard the soft as male prostitutes or abused young slaves.” He suspects, rightly I think, that the reason for favoring the ‘male prostitute’ translation is so modern Christians can say Paul is condemning male prostitution by the term, not homosexuality in general.p. 370 today we know some people are born this way, and Sanders is opposed to defrocking the gay or limiting their activities in church etc. But it is … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty One

p. 336--- In Paul’s vice lists, notice how immorality including sexual immorality is listed together with idolatry in a list of the besetting sins of the Greco-Roman world from a Diaspora Jewish point of view [why not just from a Jewish point of view?]In 1 Cor. 6.9-10 he translated malakoi as passive or soft males, and aresenokoitai as sodomites, whereas the NIV and NRSV translate the former term as male prostitutes.p. 337 ---Jewish vice lists tended to feature idolatry and sexual m … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty

p. 325-- The key words in Paul’s third argument about idol meat etc is in 10.16-22 and the key terms are participation, and participants, the former is koinonia (10.16 twice) in the Greek the latter koinonoi (10.18,20) And the word ‘one’ plays a role. Paul is drawing on Deut. 32.17 (‘they sacrificed to demons and not to God) table of the Lord (drawing on Mal. 1.7.12) not the table of demons (Is. 65.11) and provoking the Lord to jealousy (Deut. 32.21).p. 326—“In this case Paul quotes a text … [Read more...]

The ‘Lion’ of the Tribe of India

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-RNI9o06vqohttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hW2JFfsisHADev Patel is a superb actor, and my may remember him from either of the Best Exotic Hotel movies or Slum Dog Millionaire or even the HBO series Newsroom. In this film he does not show up for about an hour, because the first hour is related to Sheru's past as a small boy in India before he was adopted by an Australian family from Hobart, Tasmania. Sheru is the Hindi word for Lion, hence the name of this … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Nineteen

p. 309--- Paul’s version of the words of institution are closer to Luke’s version than to Mt. and Mk. In Luke and Paul, Jesus ‘gives thanks’ before breaking the bread; and after mentioning his body he says ‘for you’, and Paul and Luke both have ‘in remembrance of me’ Luke once and Paul mentions it twice, and in Paul and Luke the cup is the ‘new covenant in my blood’, rather than ‘my blood of the covenant’ as in Mark and Matthew. The common core with the Synoptics and Paul is a loaf of bread id … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Eighteen

He adds that Jesus had prohibited divorce or at least remarriage after divorce but both Jews and Gentiles allowed for divorce. He argues Paul was celibate and would have liked his converts to imitate him. He says Paul was a perfectionist and didn’t leave a lot of room for error in human sexual activity. Paul could call for abstinence because it was only a short time until Jesus returned. [Again, possible imminence is not the same thing as definite imminence of the parousia].p. 289--- He s … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought— Part Seventeen

p. 268--- He suggests that if you read 1 Cor.5.1-2; 2 Cor.12.21; 2 Cor. 2.5-10;2 Cor. 7.11 in that order (he thinks it is the chronological order), you learn that one man sinned, was supported by some of his fellow believers. Paul wrote in his harsh letter that on his next visit he might have to expel many and mourn their loss, but with the harsh letter and Titus’ visit the man finally repented and the majority instead of expelling him punished and forgave him and Paul accepted this solution. … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought— Part Sixteen

p. 239--- There were three types of problems Paul faced in Corinth: 1) other competing leaders; 2) theological problems like res.; 3) behavioral problems.p. 241-- Sanders thinks perhaps Apollos was the polished rhetorician that various Corinthians preferred and he stood in contrast with Paul. 1 Cor. 3.5-17 provides the heart of Paul’s warning against Apollos using 3 metaphors.p. 242—in 3.12-15 he uses the notion that good deeds will be rewarded but do not save and bad deeds will be p … [Read more...]