Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought— Part Fifteen

CHAPTER NINE--- CORINTHIANS PART ONEp. 225—226-- He says he relies heavily on the work of J. Murphy-O’Conner on Corinth. Homer called Corinth ‘wealthy Corinth’ (Iliad 2.570). The business about sacral prostitutes in Corinth is from classical Corinth in the 4th century B.C. but Corinth probably afforded as many opportunities for sexual vice as other major cities especially port cities.p. 227--- the only firm date in the Pauline calendar is A.D. 51 when Gallio was proconsul of Achaia se … [Read more...]

New Scrolls Found at Qumran when you thought it was safe to say that only 11 caves at Qumran had scrolls, now a 12th cave has been found with scroll material in it, as well as ancient flints and modern pick axes. The theory is that this cave was looted in the 40s with the thieves leaving their pick axes behind, perhaps. Before we get too excited, the initial report from Prof. … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought— Part Fourteen

pp. 215-16-- He goes with the ‘knows how to acquire his own vessel (i.e. wife) translation of 4.1-8. In every other passage in the NT, the verb ktaomai means to acquire, take, get and in ben Sira 36.24 it means acquire a wife.p. 218-- Josephus says “The Law recognizes no sexual connections except the natural union of man and wife, and that only for the procreation of children.” (Apion, 2.199). The present passage is the only place Paul says something negative about sexual desire (epit … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life, Letters and Thought— Part Thirteen

pp. 194-95--- PERSECUTION--- some gentiles persecuted other gentiles for becoming Christians. “I believe that for leading citizens to break the ‘contract’ with the gods and goddesses of the city was a weightier issue.” (p. 194--- i.e. weighter than ordinary people doing so). Secondly, gentiles may have persecuted Paul for leading people to abandon the worship of the gods and their festivals. Thirdly, Jews sometimes persecuted Jews who accepted the Christian message, as Paul himself did before … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life, Letters and Thought— Part Twelve

p. 175--- The M.O. for each following chapter will be: 1) explain the form of the letter; 2) reconstruct the sequence of events which led up to the letter; 3) identify the presuppositions of the letter; 4) listing Paul’s standard views and presuppositions which will let the individuality of each letter stand out.p. 176--- all Paul’s letters have the same basic parts except Galatians which is missing the thanksgiving: 1) addressor and colleagues and addressees; 2) opening benediction; 3) tha … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life, Letters and Thought— Part Eleven

pp. 158-59 Bewildering is his suggestion that Paul visited south Galatia with Barnabas in the late 30s, but did not found a congregation there, but rather in north Galatia.pp. 160-61—he offers a range of dates and says we can’t be precise. And he says what matters more is the order of the letters, rather than the dates, with 1 Thess. first up to bat.pp. 163-65--- Sanders reminds that he is reading Paul as a historian and for historical purposes, and while he is fine with other sorts … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life, Letters and Thought— Part Ten

p. 147-- In Sanders view, only 7 of Paul’s original letters have survived, mainly because they were copied so many times. They probably survived because an individual who housed a church kept it and perhaps had it recopied. He thinks that the reference of the seven letters to seven churches in Rev. 2-3 reflects the influence of the publication of Paul’s letters, because apocalypses don’t normally include letters. Further, Ignatius which knows Paul’s letters also writes seven letters to seven … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life, Letters and Thought— Part Nine

p. 125 Chapter 3 is entitled Travel, Letters, People, Moneypp. 125—30--- While traveling was arduous Paul managed it despite multiple shipwrecks. He probably used a pack animal to carry supplies, tools of the trade, luggage, when going on foot, covering from 12-15 miles a day, unlike soldiers who could cover 30. It is 200 miles from Ephesus to Philippi, another 250 by land from Philippi to Corinth. From Syrian Antioch to Troas is 900 miles or 60-75 days of walking, so 80-99 days from A … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life, Letters and Thought— Part Eight

p. 117—The principle difficulty Paul faced was exclusivism, getting pagans not merely to add another god to their pantheon, but reject all their past gods in favor of the God of Israel. But remember, Paul only converted a small percentage of Gentiles in a given town and it would be another century before paganism saw Christianity as a rival.p. 118—the summary in 1 Thess. 1.9-10 shows Paul’s early message which involved the death, resurrection, lordship, return of Jesus. Sanders says this … [Read more...]