Paul the Apostle, His Life, Letters and Thought—Part Forty Two

p. 610---- Sanders notes the big difference between Gal. where there is no righteousness by the law, but here in Phil. there is such a thing 3.6,9--- indeed Paul says he had a righteousness under the law, blamelessness. What really counts or matters is having the righteousness that comes by faith in Christ which involves sharing in his sufferings and becoming like him in his death. Whatever righteousness from the law was, it didn’t unite you to Christ and provide salvation and so is a fatal … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life, Letters and Thought—Part Forty One

p. 615---- The major theme of Romans is the equality of Jew and Gentile before God. Paul was in Corinth for what he intended to be the last time and was heading to Jerusalem with the collection.p. 616--- Paul asked for two sorts of assistance from the Romans--- prayer for safety etc. when he went to Jerusalem, and then traveling assistance when he went on from Rome to Spain. Notice how tactful Paul is in Rom. 1 because the Roman church was not ‘his’. 1.13-15 indicates he didn’t want to jus … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life, Letters, and Thought— Part Thirty Nine

PHILIPPIANSpp. 575-78--- Sanders cannot discern a structure in this letter, not least because he doesn’t read it rhetorically.p. 579--- This document may be a compilation of several letter fragments, but in any case Sanders thinks it all comes from Paul. He thinks the major break between 3.1 and 3.2 may hint at multiple letter fragments.pp. 580-81--- While it is true, as Sanders says, that Acts leaves out a lot and is episodic, this does not give a license to dismiss what he does … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life, Letters, and Thought— Part Thirty Eight

Gal. 6.7-9 makes clear Paul thinks there is rewards for good deeds as well as punishment for bad deeds. You reap what you sow.p. 561-- Again works of the Law are not good deeds and vice versa. “With the exception of idolatry and sexual activity, the vice lists are about actions that hurt other people, and the virtue list, governed by the biblical commandment to love one another is entirely about how to act towards others. Ethically Paul is a humanist—as was Jesus (e.g. Matt. 25. … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Thirty Seven

p. 545—the allegory in Gal. 4.21.-5.1p. 546--- Paul is gifted at typology, not so good at allegory, and Sanders criticizes his olive tree discussion in Rom. 11 because it’s botanically incorrect [which was not the point]An allegory is a description or narrative presenting literal characters and event which contain sustained reference to a simultaneous structure of other ideas and event--- he gets this def. from Cambridge Guide to Lit. in English 3 (2006).p. 547--- the only info in th … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Thirty Six

p. 539--- What does Paul mean in Gal. 4.1-11 by stoicheia—elemental spirits, elementary principles, elements of the world?p. 540— He says they could have been controlling thoughts but probably what is meant is supernatural beings who govern the stars and so controlling powers [N.B. there is no evidence for this meaning of the term before or during the NT era, and in Hebrews it means elementary principles]p. 541--- Paul says we all become sons of God through adoption and co-heirs wi … [Read more...]

Logan on the Run

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dh1RqnYi5hMThis movie has already garnered a lot of attention and has been called many things, including, aptly, 'No Country for Old X Men'. And this is indeed a movie about old X men, in particular Charles Xavier the leader of the band of X men, and Wolverine, known as Logan in this film. It is unlike any other Marvel movie ever in many ways. It is a serious drama, and Stephen Colbert says its the only Marvel flick that ever made him cry. It's also an R … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Thirty Five

p. 530—Sanders takes Gal. 3.19 to mean that the Law was given to create transgression, based on what Paul says in Rom. 4.15; 5.13; 5.20. [But the verse could mean that the Law was given on account of sin (to contain it). The Romans passages suggest that the Law turns sin into transgression, and especially in Rom. 5 Paul makes clear that Paul means that the effect of the Law on sinners is not the same as the purpose of the good Law. The effect was condemnation turning sin into transgression. 3 … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Thirty Four

p. 525—“The translators who changed Deut. 27.26 from its primary emphasis on intention and commitment to perfection of obedience thought that their view was true, and they were not being intentionally dishonest.” Sanders beef is the translating of the Hebrew confirm or uphold or the Greek uphold as ‘obey’.In Gal. 3.11-12 Paul quotes Hab. 2.4--- the righteous by faith will live which proves no one is righteoused before God by the Law, then he quotes Lev. 18.5 which proves the law is not b … [Read more...]