Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty Nine

p. 460-61-- The practice of circumcision was very ancient at least as far back as 3000 B.C. The Hebrew form of it involved removing the entire foreskin, the Egyptian practice seems to have just involved making a slit in the foreskin, and mainly involving Egyptian priests. On how ancient the Jewish practice was see John. 5.2 and Exod. 4.25 using flint knives. It was practiced by a variety of ancient people (e.g. the Moabites and Edomites) but not the Philistines, Babylonians, Greeks, … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty Eight

p. 443--- GALATIANSp. 444- Lightfoot pointed out long ago that the people who know a region well do not call it by the names assigned by a conquering empire (e.g. Hapsburg Empire included Hungary and part of Italy). But no ordinary resident of the region would say that Budapest or Venice was Austrian.p. 446--- In Lightfoot’s day Galatians was usually seen as an early letter prior to 1 Cor. but Lightfoot put it later. He said was closest in tone and style to 1-2 Cor. and Romans. The … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty Seven

p. 433--- The saints in Judaea are the Christians in Jerusalem and environs.p. 434- the collection was successful. Paul went again to Corinth, wrote to Rome, and sailed for Jerusalem, money in hand. He thinks maybe 2 Cor. 8-9 are two letters and perhaps either followed 2 Cor. 1-7 (again assuming it’s a letter fragment).p. 435---Gal. 2.7-10 makes clear the collection is for the poor in Jerusalem. 1 Cor 16.1-4 makes clear he expected the Corinthians to pony up each week on Sunday a … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty Six

p. 422- Romans says little about Christ’s return or res. Of the dead. But see Rom. 6.5; 8.18-30; 13.11-12--- the latter clearly envisions decisive events lie in the near future. He thinks Rom. 6.5 refers to participation in Christ’s death through the ritual of water baptism. But ‘baptism into his death’ probably refers to the work of the Spirit mortifying the old self not what happens in baptism (see 1 Cor. 1). He take Rom. 8.11 to mean that the Holy Spirit is already giving life to the believ … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty Five

pp. 400ff. A discussion of dualism.p. 405--- “divine punishment remained the only real ‘solution’ to evil and suffering that pure monotheism had to offer.” [This is absolutely false, but what is true is that Jews regularly attributed human suffering to the wages of sin, and sometimes to divine punishment as well. Sander’s statement doesn’t even comport with Josephus who affirms both free will and divine sovereignty].p. 406--Sanders argues that this severe doctrine was ameliorated by th … [Read more...]

Psalms Old and New– Coming to an Amazon Near You

I'm very happy to announce the second volume in this series of three volumes on intertexuality, the use of the OT in the NT, and of course doing exegesis forwards and backwards. This volume will emerge in the early summer, and will be followed next year by the third and final volume in the trilogy entitled Law: Old and New, looking at the use of the books of the Pentateuch in the NT. But it's not to early to pre-order this volume on the Psalms. These three volumes are preparatory for my final … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty Four

p. 389—first analogy--- seed-plant, but even plants decay. Second analogy different types of flesh but the same problem, they all decay. He then refers to stars and planets--- which seem at least to last and shine forever. Unlike a fire here on earth which consumes what it alights, the stars didn’t seem to consume themselves. In Paul’s world heavenly bodies were different than earthly ones, so a better analogy.p. 390—What is raised is a different body from the one that is buried, though … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty Three

p. 377--- The passages in which Paul deals with res. in probable chronological order are according to Sanders 1 Thess. 4.13-18; 1 Cor. 15; 2 Cor. 3.18-5.10; Phil. 1.23-24; 2.16-17;3.10-11; 3.20-21; Rom. 6.5; 8.18-30; 13.11-12. Two verbs are used anistemi and egeirein, usually Jesus is the object of res. i.e. God raised him from the dead, attributing the power to God (Rom.4.24; 8.11 cf. 1 Thess. 1.10; 1 Cor. 6.14 etc). In 2 Cor. 1.9 God is said to raise the dead plural, meaning Christ and … [Read more...]

Paul the Apostle, His Life Letters and Thought– Part Twenty Two

p. 369--- “On the basis of first-century evidence, then, there is no reason to regard the soft as male prostitutes or abused young slaves.” He suspects, rightly I think, that the reason for favoring the ‘male prostitute’ translation is so modern Christians can say Paul is condemning male prostitution by the term, not homosexuality in general.p. 370 today we know some people are born this way, and Sanders is opposed to defrocking the gay or limiting their activities in church etc. But it is … [Read more...]