Zootopia– Who’s Who in the Zoo?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jWM0ct-OLsMThe official description of this 1 hour 48 minute film on the rottentomatoes.com website reads as follows----"The modern mammal metropolis of Zootopia is a city like no other. Comprised of habitat neighborhoods like ritzy Sahara Square and frigid Tundratown, it's a melting pot where animals from every environment live together-a place where no matter what you are, from the biggest elephant to the smallest shrew, you can be anything. But when … [Read more...]

The Struggle to Understand Isaiah as Christian Scripture– Part Nineteen

Child’s treatment of the history of interpretation after Calvin is necessarily much more succinct, presumably because it is more readily available and familiar to the reader. He begins with Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) and his critiquer or rebutter Abraham Calov (1612-86). Grotius was a gifted linguist and classics expert and had a very good knowledge of Hebrew and Syriac. He largely achieved his goal to provide annotations on the whole Bible, including Isaiah. Childs says his most important c … [Read more...]

Why Evangelicals Should Not Play the Trump Card

Here's a helpful article written by an Evangelical who has been an advisor to three Republican Presidents as to why no Evangelical should be voting for Donald Trump, see what you think. He rightly raises the same questions as Pope Francis raised, namely the question of character in view of Trump's track record of adulteries, lies, defrauding students at Trump University, employing non-Green card Polish workers and paying them a third of American works to build Trump tower, and on and on. … [Read more...]

The Struggle to Understand Isaiah and Christian Scripture– Part Eighteen

In his teaching and preaching of Isaiah, Calvin starts with the Hebrew text itself and he is always focusing on a particular text and he seeks to help the audience understand the meaning of the words in that text. In his Isaiah commentary he seldom resorts to the LXX, and he often paraphrases things to help people better understand the text. The exception to the rule of not using the LXX is when the NT author for example Paul in Rom. 9.22 citing Is. 10.22 in the LXX. Sometimes he has trouble … [Read more...]

The Struggle to Understand Isaiah as Christian Scripture–Part Seventeen

As Childs point out, Calvin did not see a major difference between the intentions of the human author and the intentions of the Holy Spirit in inspiring the human author to say this or that. He acknowledges that the full personality and knowledge of the human author is in play but is guided by the Spirit. Calvin uses the principle of analogy, even literary analogy, to apply the Biblical text to his own current situation. As Childs, (following my old teacher T.H.L. Parker) says, the … [Read more...]

The Struggle to Understand Isaiah as Christian Scripture– Part Sixteen

John Calvin (1509-1564) was the exegete par excellence amongst the early Protestant divines, even though in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries he has been better known for his theological institutes. Calvin’s commentating was philologically and historically oriented, like some of his predecessors, and like those of a more Antiochian orientation, he had real issues with allegorizing of the Biblical text. Perhaps here is a good point to make some distinctions.There is a difference b … [Read more...]

Meditations for the Lenten Season— Part Three

CRACKS IN THE WALLCracks in the wall, There by design, Prayers on plain paper One of them mine Rabbis are chanting, Torah held high, Sunlight is fading, In the blue sky. Guards are watching, Passing the time, Nodding acquaintance With the sublime.Herod’s temple, All that remains Limestone platform, Withstands the strain, Mosque’s gold dome Shines in the light, Whose God is honored By what’s in sight? Prayers of the righteous Meant to be heard, But the … [Read more...]

The Struggle to Understand Isaiah as Christian Scripture– Part Fifteen

Child’s analysis of Luther’s treatment of Isaiah involves a close reading of his lectures on the subject and he deduces the following things: 1) there are not a lot of references (occasionally he critiques Jerome or Origen or Nicholas— the latter in spite of the fact that he owes Nicholas’ quoting of Rashi for his own knowledge of Jewish exegesis of Isaiah). Yes, occasionally he also cites Josephus, but for all his stress on studying the historical context of Isaiah, what he mainly means is stud … [Read more...]

The Struggle to Understand Isaiah as Christian Scripture– Part Fourteen

Martin Luther (1483-1546) that Augustinian monk who had an epiphany and began the Protestant movement quite unintentionally, of course deserves close attention. While Luther did indeed say some strong things about the problems with allegorical exegesis, and used it less and less as he got older and older. He did not, however, entirely abandon this approach. He never sets forth a programmatic rejection of the medieval tradition he inherited, in particular from Augustine himself. Luther … [Read more...]


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