Shaking up Empires and Priesthoods for the Sake of the Kingdom of God

“The Kingdom, as Borg and Chilton agree, is the alternative way of wisdom, the subversive wisdom, a wisdom that puts justice first” – Matthew Fox at the second Christ Path seminar

So – we’ve looked at Jesus’ deconstructing the false gods of his day. But why – what was the larger agenda, the larger vision, behind his actions?

The vision behind all his teaching, all his revolutionary words, was the Kingdom of God.

Now, everyone who heard the word Kingdom in his day knew it was politically wrapped. It was about this Kingdom of God, versus the Roman Empire, the kingdom under which they were living on a daily basis. Jesus was talking to a people who were not only oppressed but surrounded and occupied by the Romans.

And so this Kingdom of God was not about going to Heaven, but about an alternative to the entire apparatus that they saw daily as an occupied people: an apparatus that interfered in their religion, that interfered with their economy by its demands for taxes, and so much more.

So this of course, everyone agrees, was the heart of Jesus’ preaching the Kingdom.

The Kingdom, as Borg and Chilton agree, is the alternative way of wisdom, the subversive wisdom, a wisdom that puts justice first, puts the poor out front, and does not settle for the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer and greater in number and more oppressed. Jesus does not settle for that.

Chilton suggests that John’s baptizing in the River Jordan was a silent protest against the urban cadres that controlled Judaism and Jerusalem, because it was a priestly class that ran baptism in the Temple. With John it was not a class thing at all, anyone could come to the river and get baptized.

John was aware of this, and Jesus was aware of this…and the Temple became aware of this, that something subversive was going on. John the Baptist was pulling the rug out from under the patriarchal consciousness,whether political or religious, the idea that some people are hierarchically born to rule over others.

Now, when I look at Western history, I do not forget the tremendous price that’s been paid through the centuries to achieve democracy, to overthrow tyrannical, crazy kingdoms like the 18th-century French monarchy or the British Empire that ruled our land. Now of course, the overthrow in France was at first in many ways equally bad, because what followed was crazy and bloody and off the wall. But notice: the people who had been oppressed were getting their revenge: they’d grown up abused and they became abusers. And we know that this is what often happens; we know more about psychology now, and we know how the human process works.  This is one reason non-violence creates a very different result for it eliminates the vengeance factor (cf Gandhi, King and Mandela).

In many ways Jesus intuited a lot of this stuff. And this is why forgiving your enemy is part of his teaching to overthrow structures that are hostile, especially to the poor and the powerless.

Chilton says that to Galileans and other Jews who did not cede to priests the exclusive power to decide who was and wasn’t fit to offer sacrifice, John was a hero. John the Baptist, Jesus’ mentor, was a hero because he deconstructed the hierarchical priestly religion at the heart of Israel.

Now the whole “den of thieves” event, the throwing over of the tables in the Temple, was part of this development in Jesus’ own consciousness and his anger, his moral outrage that purity had been defined too much in terms of external norms. As he said, what is impure comes from the inside, not the outside.

And so he stepped on all kinds of taboos, whether he was talking to the Samaritan woman, or a woman on her menstrual period, and so forth – he was pushing the boundaries! And he got around to explaining and articulating how his consciousness was developing: that purity is not about 1000 rules or 1800 canon laws. It’s about what’s inside, and that’s what you have to pay attention to.

So in many ways he was deconstructing a lot of religions, not just his own, because all religions get tempted to create a class of those who know and those who don’t:  the gurus, and those who aren’t; the ordained ones, and those who aren’t;  those who collect the taxes and those who don’t; those who pay the taxes. I mean, this is human nature! When humans gather into institutional religions, they tend to do those things.

So you need people like Jesus, like Thomas Jefferson, like Malcolm X and King, to come along regularly and say, This is crazy! Whose gods are we worshiping?

Now, a big part of Chilton’s analysis of Jesus’ work is that he was displacing the sacrifice of the Temple with meals. He was turned off by this idea that even the poor had to spend money to sacrifice, and the priestly class took all the taxes, and somehow this was pleasing to God. Chilton believes that the meals Jesus developed were an explicit affront to the Temple worship, and this had a lot to do with his crucifixion, because this really pissed off a lot of the Sanhedrin who ultimately voted against him on that last night.

Chilton believes that the Eucharist or meal that has followed since then ought to be a commemoration of this anti-sacrificial practice that Jesus instituted in opposition to priestly services in the Temple.

He says, “When Israelites shared wine and bread in celebration of their own purity in the presence of the Kingdom, God delighted in that more than in the blood and flesh on the altar in the Temple. These meals were Jesus’ last desperate gesture to insist that his own meals were better sacrifices than what was offered in Caiaphas’ corrupt Temple.”

So there we have another example where Jesus was taking on Religion face to face. And as part of his passion, his moral outrage, his journey into what really counts, what is authentic purity, what is authentic religion, what is authentic worship, he’s rattling all of those cages. Chilton says, “The radical meaning of Jesus’ words was that wine and bread replaced sacrifice in the Temple – a direct challenge to ritual practice in Israel.” And he says that Judas left Jesus over this one issue–but not just Judas, a lot of others as well–because this was such a radical proposal, that they weren’t doing it right at the Temple.

So we have the Kingdom of God being taught not only as an alternative to the Roman Empire, but also as an alternative to the hierarchy of the Jewish religion at the time – you can see how revolutionary this was, how Jesus was shaking up the structures of his time!

In my next post we’ll look more deeply at this – the deeper assumptions that were being challenged, and the radical values that stand at the foundation of the Kingdom of God as Jesus taught and lived it – and as he challenges us to live it today.

Experience the Christ Path Seminars in real time! Register for “Cosmic Christ and Youth: The Occupy Generation,” the next Christ Path Seminar weekend taking place 10/11-13, featuring Adam Bucko as guest speaker, and based on Matthew Fox’s and Adam Bucko’s groundbreaking book, Occupy Spirituality: A Radical Vision for a New Generation.

To immerse in the leading-edge wisdom and transformational spiritual practices of Matthew Fox, Andrew Harvey, and their guest speakers again and again: order the complete recordings of the Christ Path Seminars.

Be sure to sign up on the Christ Path Seminar mailing list to receive news and updates regarding upcoming weekends and new DVD releases.

Spirituality: Where Seriousness and Playfulness Meet
Do You Dare to Stand Near to Jesus – Near to the Fire?
Spirituality: Where Seriousness and Playfulness Meet
The Difference Between Religion and Spirituality
About Matthew Fox

Matthew Fox – author, educator, activist, and spiritual pioneer – has spent the past 40 years doing the culture-changing work to lay the foundation for the values of a new generation. As today’s leading voice of the ancient mystical Christian tradition of creation spirituality, he has helped to midwife the birth of a movement that celebrates embodied spiritual practice, oneness with creation, personal awareness, educational empowerment, and social, environmental, and gender justice.

  • Peter Walsh

    I am puzzled why the roots of Eucharist and Baptism in the
    Mosaic Covenant continue to be ignored –even by the enlightened followers of
    Creation-centred theology! Jewish Sabbath is centred on the eve of Sabbath meal
    of Bread and Wine –symbolising our role as ‘Partners in Creation’: i.e. working
    creatively, holistically with nature in fulfilling this covenant. This is
    surely what Jesus the Jew invoked at the Last Supper –using as he always did
    language rich in metaphor when trying to impress a point of particular importance
    on his followers? His last act of mission was to bring the focus of the
    covenant back to its beating heart: humanity’s unparalleled privilege and
    responsibility in bringing this covenant to fruition.

    Baptism is the willing –not for infants!!! –embrace by each
    of us of the terms of this covenant: the ‘Water’ symbolising Nature, the ‘Spirit’
    symbolising Wisdom. Again a unique privilege and responsibility. What could be
    more simple, beautiful, holistic and of such profound significance for both
    Humanity and for the Planet?

    I think this is my one area of disagreement with Matthew Fox
    so I earnestly hope he will long continue with his important and courageous

  • Art Nicol

    I’ve found it to be essential to deconstruct my ego in order to fully encounter and enter into oneness with Jesus’ experience of freedom from human “empires” (all forms of hierarchical social institutions now flourishing throughout modern cultures). When I deconstruct my ego, I simultaneously deconstruct my citizenship in all forms of ego-based empires as Jesus did while on earth. I had to learn to allow the Holy Spirit to be fully operative in dispelling the effects in my heart and mind of having been raised to be part of the empires of modern society. To do so, I had to recover from intellectualism (and the Westernized mass education by which it is promoted as social doctrine) as if it is comparable to alcoholism, consumerism, materialism and other “isms” the ego constructs to perpetuate itself and deprive us of our awareness of our authentic nature as beings created to express God’s nature. The key to my recovery turned out to be restoration of my freedom to live from my heart and connect heart to heart with God and with other people.

    My oneness with the Creator of All Life is naturally present within me (my “heart and soul”) to be re-encountered every time I engage in practices that prefer wholehearted humility over ego’s games of pride and shame or guilt and blame. I have learned to be born anew constantly in my heart (as teamed up with my mind in service to God’s highest purposes), cleansed of ego’s adverse effects and empowered to evolve evermore creatively according to my wholeness and God’s grand design for all of us. I am who I am just as God is Who God Is, Jesus is who Jesus is, Buddha is who he is and every other human being is who he or she is. Only the ego’s masking mindset based on fear can separate us temporarily from our awareness of Divine Love’s steadfast presence.

    To deconstruct my ego and make more sense of the puzzle of who I am, I find it
    helpful to have a glimpse of the box top for my life’s unfolding jigsaw puzzle. The flexible and resilient Wholeness Archetype contained in A Heartbook of Healing Wisdom available at ttp:// has guided me in visualizing who I am as an ego-free person. Many teach that we need to rise beyond (overcome, etc.) ego but few clarify as helpfully as this archetype clarifies what our destination beyond ego looks like. We have a destination far beyond ego’s claim upon our hearts and minds. It is our destiny to be who God created us to be. It’s to return to the state of being in which God created us and no longer suffer the consequences of having detoured into fear’s empire-building, hierarchically distributed power scarcity as ego’s false alternative to God’s kingdom of shared, abundant power. God intends us to share all of life, including God’s power to create social environments (relationships on all scales) in which Divine Love reigns and is shared unconditionally, all-inclusively and abundantly without end or limitation.