Should MLK’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” Be Added to the New Testament?

Bruce Metzger, in his seminal work The Canon of the New Testament: Its Origin, Development, and Significance, writes that,

Shortly after the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr., in 1968, a group of ministers seriously proposed that King’s “Letter from a Birmingham Jail” be added to the New Testament. All will appreciate that this letter, written in April 1964 after he had been jailed in Birmingham, Alabama, for participating in a civil-rights protest, conveys a strong prophetic witness, and interprets God’s will in the spirit of Christ. At the same time, however, most will recognize that the differences as to age and character between it and the books of the New Testament are far to great to warrant its being added to the canon, and today few if any take the proposal seriously. (271)

The more I’ve thought about how much work myself and others put into making the ancient writings in the Bible relevant for today I think that sometimes we would be better off spending at least equal amounts of time reading contemporary prophets such as Martin Luther King, Jr., Dorothy Day, and Wendell Berry as we do read the words of ancient scriptural writers. We are fortunate to have access to an abundance of incredible scriptural commentaries here in our Information Age, and there are powerful practices such aslectio divina for hearing God speak today through ancient scripture; nevertheless, in many ways modern writers speak the word of God more directly to our own situation.

One “Middle Way” is to regularly include a “Contemporary Reading” (from a living spiritual writer) or a “Historical Reading” (from non-canonical writings, the Apostolic Fathers, the Deserts Ammas and Abbas, or anywhere throughout the rest of history). We need to be regularly hearing these witnesses in worship to supplement the canon. As the recent United Church of Christ ad campaign said so well, “God is still speaking.” There are ways that God is speaking to us not only through the canonical writers, but also through those ‘other’ voices from before, during, and after the canonization process. Including poetic readings in worship from such luminaries as Mary Oliver or Gerard Manley Hopkins also spring immediately to mind as vitally needed.

What say you? What are your thoughts, feelings, and concerns about an open and closed canon? How have you incorporated non-canonical, historical, and contemporary readings in worship? I welcome your feedback in the comment section.

For Further Study

Previous Posts on Martin Luther King, Jr.

The Rev. Carl Gregg is a trained spiritual director, a D.Min. candidate at San Francisco Theological Seminary, and the pastor of Broadview Church in Chesapeake Beach, Maryland. Follow him onFacebook ( and Twitter (@carlgregg).

This post first appeared on Carl Gregg’s blog here.

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  • First, I agree that there are many noteworthy writings by contemporaries and those in the past, such as the desert fathers of which I studied and gained much spiritual insight. But to suggest an open canon, and to say that Martin Luther King’s or even Billy Graham’s writings are co-equal with the New Testament becomes problematic. Who would be the judge of which speeches, sermons or writings should go into it? What would stop Mormons, who also claim ongoing revelation, from contributing to it? For myself, even if such a book were compiled and be inspiring, I could not view it the same as Biblical scripture.