Water Baptism – A Deeper Look

So you’ve repented, believed, and have become a follower of Jesus Christ. But what’s the next step? The answer: water baptism. Before the Lord Jesus ascend­ed into heaven, He ­told His disciples,

Go therefore and MAKE DISCIPLES of all nations, BAPTIZING THEM in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I command­ed you…He that BELIEVES and is BAPTIZED SHALL BE SAVED; but he that believes not shall be damned (Matthew 28:19,20 & Mark 16:16).

Now look at these other texts:

Mark 16:16 – He that believes and is baptized shall be saved. 

Acts 2:38 – Peter replied, “REPENT AND BE BAPTIZED, every one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ FOR THE FORGIVENESS OF YOUR SINS . . .” 

Acts 2:40-41 – And with many other words did he [Peter] testify and exhort, saying, SAVE YOURSELVES from this corrupt generation. Then they that gladly received his word were BAPTIZED.

Acts 22:16 – And now what are you waiting for? Get up, BE BAPTIZED AND WASH AWAY YOUR SINS AWAY, calling on his name. 

1 Peter 3: 21- this water symbolizes BATPISM THAT NOW SAVES YOU also . . . 

These passages have led some Christian denominations to teach baptismal regeneration. Other denominations have essentially buried these texts, choosing to ignore them rather than engage them at all.

I don’t subscribe to baptismal regeneration. But because I believe the Bible to be God’s inspired Word, fully reliable and fully authoritative, I don’t think we can rightfully ignore these texts either.

To my mind, the solution is in understanding two things: (1) how the word “saved” is used throughout the New Testament, and (2) the relationship between faith and confession.

The Meaning of Salvation

According to the Bible, salvation does not exclusively deal with the question of heaven and hell. Salvation is con­nected with something far more than just our eternal destiny.

God has provided all things through His Son to deliver us from every effect of the Fall.

Because we stand con­demned, God justifies us. Because we are born into this world spiritually dead, He regenerates us. Because we have broken His Law, He forgives us. And because we have a sin nature, He sanctifies us.

But what does God deliver us from in salvation?

The answer: this present world system.

Because we are all born as servants to the world system, which is corrupt, God saves us.

In a general sense, salvation includes every aspect of our deliver­ance from sin.

In Jesus: A Theography, I put it this way:

“In Scripture, the word salvation means “deliverance” and includes three tenses: we were saved (justification = salvation from the penalty of sin); we are being saved (sanctification = salvation from the power of sin); and we will be saved (glorification = salvation from the presence of sin). Salvation, then, is Jesus Christ: Christ as our righteousness (past); Christ as our sanctification (present); Christ as our hope of glory (future). The latter will occur when Jesus “will appear a second time.” (Jesus: A Theograpy, p. 294).

In its strictest sense, salvation refers to our deliverance from the present world system.

What is the World System? 

The Bible uses the phrase “the world” in three different ways. In some places, it refers to the earth. In other places, it refers to the people who inhabit the earth. In still other places, it refers to the system that stands in opposition to God.

Take a look:

Love not THE WORLD, neither the things that are in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in them. For all that is in THE WORLD, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. And THE WORLD PASSES AWAY, and the lust within it: but he that does the will of God abides forever. 1 John 2:15-17 

In times past you walked according to THE COURSE OF THIS WORLD, according to the prince of the power of the air [satan], the spirit that now works in the children of disobedi­ence . . . In whom the god OF THIS WORLD [satan] has blinded the minds of them who believe not. Ephesians 2:2, 2 Corinthi­ans 4:4 

Religion that God our Father accepts as pure and faultless is this: to look after the orphans and widows in their distress and to KEEP ONESELF FROM BEING POLLUTED BY THE WORLD. James 1:27 

There are three evil forces that stand in opposition to the three Persons of the triune God. Satan stands against Jesus as Lord, the flesh wars against the Holy Spirit as Enabler, and the world system opposes God as Creator.

The world system is the enticing network of things that controls this pres­ent age. When the first humans fell in the garden, they unwittingly submitted to satan’s rulership. As a result, satan seized authority over the earth and set in place a cosmic pattern of civilization called “the world.”

The world system is a direct challenge against God as Father, Sustainer, and Creator.

The world system includes all the things of this life that are opposed to God’s ways, whether they be in entertainment, music, art, fashion, philosophy, education, etc.

According to Jesus and Paul, satan is the mind behind the system. Thus the Bible says that “the whole world is under the control of the evil one” (1 John 5:19).

By birth, we belong to the world system. And our fallen nature is naturally drawn to it. For this reason, John tells us that the things of the world appeal to the lust of our flesh, the lust of our eyes, and our pride.

When we come to Christ, however, we enter a new domain where Jesus is in control. In Christ, we are separated from the old order of things and we come into a new realm (see Colossians 1:13).

Salvation, then, is the exodus from the dominion of darkness (the world system). It is the departure from satan’s domain into Christ’s domain. As followers of Jesus, we live in the world, but we are no longer from or of the world (John 17:15-16). This is why Paul could say that “our citizenship is in the heavenlies” and Peter could say that we are “strangers and pilgrims” in this world.

To be saved, then, means more than going to heaven when you die (thought it includes eternal life). It more specifically refers to a transfer­ral from one realm into another, from one sphere into another, from one authority to another . . . right here, right now.

In summary, to be saved means to come out of this present world system – which is controlled by God’s enemy – and to come into Christ’s in-breaking rule over the world.

Saved Through Baptism

How do we become separated from the world system, which is under divine judgment?

According to the New Testament, it is through repentance, faith, and water baptism:


Peter replied, “REPENT AND BE BAPTIZED, every one of you . . .” Acts 2:38 

And with many other words did he [Peter] testify and exhort, saying, “SAVE YOURSELVES from this corrupt generation.” Then they that gladly received his word were BAPTIZED. Acts 2:40-41 

Who gave Himself for our sins to  SAVE US FROM THE PRESENT WICKED WORLD according to the will of our God and Father. Galatians 1:4

In the Old Testament, we have two examples that represent the meaning and significance of water baptism. They are . . .

(1) Noah’s Ark and the Flood

God waited patiently in the days of Noah while the ark was being built. In it only a few people, eight in all, were SAVED THROUGH WATER, and this water symbolizes BAPTISM, THAT NOW SAVES YOU ALSO—not the removal of dirt from the body, but the pledge [testimo­ny] of a good conscience toward God. IT SAVES YOU by the resurrection of Jesus Christ. 1 Peter 3:20-21

And spared not the old world, but SAVED NOAH the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon THE WORLD OF THE UNGODLY. 2 Peter 2:5

In Noah’s day, all things became corrupt. People depart­ed from God and the world grew wicked beyond recovery.

God had no alternative but to judge it.

Accordingly, God com­manded Noah to build an ark to shelter all who sought deliverance from the coming deluge.

Rain filled the earth, destroying the old corrupt world. Noah and those in the ark moved safely above the waters.

As Noah’s family found refuge in the ark, they escaped the old world which was buried under the waters of judgment. When the waters receded, Noah found himself in a new creation.

According to Peter, this story depicts our salvation from the world system through baptism.

Salvation is God’s exit from a doomed system led by satan. Christ is the ark in which we find our deliver­ance. And it is through the water that we bury the life that was attached to the old world.

Peter goes on to say that baptism is a pledge – a testimo­ny – of a good conscience before God.

Through baptism, we testify to women, men, angels, demons, and to God that we have died to the old creation and that we are part of the new creation. We are still in the world. And we are even for the world (that is, the earth and the people who live in it). But you are no longer from or of it. Our attachments to it have been severed.

Baptism, then, is a clear declara­tion of where we now stand. Through it, we make a public confession that we have surrendered our lives to Christ, that the old life we once lived is finished and buried, and we are a new creature in Jesus.

There­fore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.2 Corinthi­ans 5:17

(2) Israel’s Exodus through the Red Sea

“They [the Israelites] were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea.” 1 Corinthians 10:2

In the book of Exodus we learn that Israel was forced into Egyptian bondage for 400 years. Yet in His mercy, God raised up Moses to deliver the Israelites.

Egypt represents the world system headed up by satan, who is typified by Pharaoh, king of Egypt. Moses represents Christ, our Savior from the bondage of sin.

How did Moses deliver Israel from their slavery? Through the opening of the Red Sea.

In the book of Exodus, we are told that Moses led Israel through the Red Sea, which God opened for them, causing them to leave the old land.

When the Egyptians followed Israel in an attempt to seize them, God sent the waters back over the Egyptians, burying them in the sea. Through the Red Sea, Israel sev­ered their connection with the old system that held them in perpetual bondage.

Israel no longer had any allegiance to Pharaoh; his hold on them was broken from that moment forward. And so it is with us. By baptism into Christ, we sever our connec­tion with the old system that once held us in bond­age.

The Initial Confession

Faith is not complete without confession (Romans 10:9-10; 2 Corinthians 4:13; Hebrews 10:23).

According to the New Testament, water baptism is the initial confession that a person makes once she or he has come to Christ. It is the first step in becoming a disciple of Jesus.

While the first act before God is to repent and believe, the first act before humans and angels is to be baptized.

Through baptism, we express that we belong to Christ and are no longer part of the world system. This is why in the book of Acts, the apostles sometimes exhort, “repent and believe” while other times they exhort, “repent and be baptized.”

Saving faith and baptism are intimately connected. So much so that they are used interchangeably in the New Testament.

Baptism is the way that the early Christians initially confessed their faith in Christ.

For this reason, the New Testament plainly shows that when people believed the gospel, they were immediately baptized:

Then they that gladly RECEIVED HIS WORD WERE BAPTIZED . . . Acts 2:41 

But WHEN THEY BE­LIEVED Philip preaching the things concerning the king­dom of God, and the name of Jesus Christ, THEY WERE BAPTIZED, both men and women. Acts 8:12 

And they SPOKE THE WORD OF THE LORD together with all who were in the house. And he took them that very hour of the night and washed their wounds and IMMEDI­ATELY HE WAS BAP­TIZED, he and all his household. Acts 16:32-33 

Then Philip began with that very passage of Scripture and told him the good news about Jesus. As they traveled along the road, they came to some water and the eunuch said, ‘LOOK, HERE IS WATER. WHY SHOULDN’T I BE BAPTIZED?’ And he gave orders to stop the chariot. Then both Philip and the eunuch went down into the water and PHILIP BAPTIZED HIM. Acts 8:35-37

(Notice that the eunuch asked to be baptized after Philip explained the Isaiah passage to him. This indicates that Philip included baptism in his conversation with the eunuch.)

One of those listening was a woman named Lydia, a dealer in purple cloth from the city of Thyatira, who was a worshiper of God. The Lord opened her heart to respond to Paul’s message. When she and the members of her household WERE BAPTIZED, she invited us to her home. “If you consider me a believer in the Lord,” she said, “come and stay at my house.” And she persuaded us. Acts 16:14-15 

Switching Our Allegiance

Baptism into the name (person) of Jesus Christ has its roots in the preaching of John the Baptist. If John the Baptist were here today, he would probably have said something like this.

“Your country is in the hands of God’s enemy. Your political system, regardless of your political party, is in the hands of God’s enemy. The same for all the systems to which you belong, including the religious system you pay homage to.

But I have good news. God is about to inaugurate a new nation on this earth. It will be a nation that’s not part of this present world. This new nation will not be part of your national system; it will not be part of your religious system; it will not be part of your political system.

This nation will be here very soon. In fact, it’s close at hand.

This nation will have a king. And that king will be the son of Almighty God Himself.

To be part of this new nation, all of your affiliations with the present world system must be completely severed. You must leave them behind.

Come down here into this water, repent (turn away from) every sin you’ve committed, sever your ties with this world order, be baptized, and wait until the Son of God arrives to establish this new nation.”

For John, baptism was a renouncing of one’s life.

Note that some of Jesus’ early disciples were disciples of John the Baptist first. So before they ever met Jesus, they had pulled out of the systems of their day. They stopped giving their pledge to them. John declared that the whole tree was coming down and God was about to establish a brand new tree.

When the followers of Jesus began to baptize people, it was for the same reason. The name of the new nation they were being baptized into was the kingdom of God.

(After the Lord’s resurrection, that new nation was called the ekklesia, the embodiment of God’s kingdom.)

If you were baptized in the first century, you were signing your death warrant. You had renounced everything for another kingdom. And you were paying your allegiance to another king . . . one that was in competition with Caesar.

In that day, to go down into the water and be baptized in the name of Jesus of Nazareth was like living in the USA and joining an Al-Qaeda group. I realize that’s a tough example, but it gets close to the radical nature of what you were doing.

You see, the early Christians were viewed as radical outcasts . . . dangerous people who were subversive to the existing government. They were a direct threat to Caesar and his empire (see Acts 17:6-7).

Baptism is Burial

In baptism, a person is saying, “I have many allegiances. And now I’m about to die. There will be no more me. It is not that I’m going to change and give up my associations. I may keep some of them for the sake of the gospel. But I will no longer pay allegiance to them. I am through. I am finished. So take me out to this watery graveyard and bury me. For I now belong to a new king and His kingdom. And I’m at His service to do what He wants me to do.”

The most amazing thing about all of this is that those who have died in Christ tend to rise from the dead.

So the one who is baptized is buried, yet made alive into a new creation – one that’s broken into the old creation. The baptized person has become a citizen of the true Israel, the new nation called ekklesia. And its headquarters are in the heavenly realm.

That’s how the early Christians understood baptism. It was an ending. A burial. And when you came up out of that water, you understood that your past was gone, forgiven, and you were now part of a new nation, a new people, a new kingdom.

Properly understood, then, baptism is a funeral service.

Romans 6:4-6 says,

Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into His death? Therefore we are BURIED WITH HIM BY BAPTISM INTO DEATH: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life. For if we have become united with Him in the likeness of his death, certainly we shall be also in the likeness of His resurrection: Knowing this, that OUR OLD MAN [our old self] WAS CRUCIFIED WITH HIM, that the body of sin might be unemployed, that we should no longer serve sin.

Baptism has two sides – it is both a release as well as an entry. On the one side, we are bap­tized into Christ’s death. Therefore, when we go down under the water, we testify to the fact that the old person we used to be and the old world that we used to serve are being buried.

On the other side, we are baptized into Jesus Christ. We affirm that we have become a new person, with a new nature, born into a new humanity which belongs to a new creation where Jesus of Nazareth is Lord.

Replaced by the Sinner’s Prayer

As I pointed out previously, for the early Christians, water baptism served the same purpose that “the Sinner’s Prayer” serves today.

For the first Christians, water baptism was the way you brought someone to Christ. Instead of leading a person into a prayer (“close your eyes and repeat these words after me”), you led them to the waters of death to be buried and to publicly confess their faith in Christ.

I grew up in a denomination where people were brought to Jesus via “the Sinner’s Prayer.” And baptism was seen as an optional act . . . an “outward confession of an inward faith” and nothing more.

But as we’ve seen, the New Testament envisions baptism to be much more than that. It’s a powerful spiritual act. One that registers in the heavenlies as well as on earth.

Peter ties baptism with the conscience. When faith in Christ is mixed with a proper understanding of water baptism, the act of being baptized has been known to break long-held addictions.

Baptism Fulfills Jesus’ Call to Leave All 

In his classic book on discipleship, Dietrich Bonhoeffer adds this important insight:

“Where the Synoptic Gospels speak of Christ calling men and their following him, St Paul speaks of baptism . . . To follow Jesus was a public act. In just the same way baptism is a public act, for in baptism we are incorporated into the visible church-community of Jesus Christ (Gal. 3:27f.; 1 Cor. 12:13) . . . For those who were called, Jesus’ call was equally unique and unrepeatable. Whoever followed him had died to their previous life. This is why Jesus had to require his disciples to leave all they had. Both the finality of their decision and the complete sufficiency of the gift they received from their Lord needed to be clearly expressed . . . Having taken their life from them, he now sought to give them a life that was full and complete. And so he gave them his cross. That was the gift of baptism to the first disciples.” (Taken from Discipleship by Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Chapter 9.)

According to Bonhoeffer, after Jesus ascended into heaven, water baptism replaced Jesus’ call to His first followers to leave all, take up their crosses, and follow Him.

We fulfill that call today by being baptized.

In closing, if you have believed upon Jesus as your Savior and you’ve surrendered to Him as your Lord, the waters of baptism await you.

See also The Sinner’s Prayer – Where Did It Come From?

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About Frank Viola

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