2015 was a revolutionary year for defining marriage, to say the least. It has even been debated as to whether or not the legalizing of same sex marriage opens the door to the legalizing of polygamous marriages, among other things. See for example the following articles: “Beyond Gay Marriage;” “It’s Time to Legalize Polygamy;” “The Case Against Encouraging Polygamy;” and “Polygamy Is Not Next.”The purpose of this article is not to focus on this particular aspect of the debate, but on a passing … [Read more...]
Away in a Manger—Away in a Spaceship? How Should We View Jesus’ Incarnation and Human Life If There Is Extraterrestrial Life?
How will Christians worship on Christmas if scientists report this week that there is extraterrestrial life? Will we reword the title of the Christmas carol “Away in a Manger” to “Away in a Spaceship”? Would this suggest that Jesus would need to travel to other planets and become incarnate as a Martian or a Plutonian, or wherever else conscious life is found? Not necessarily.It is not a matter of our being inherently more special as humans than extra-terrestrials. Perhaps Jesus would choose n … [Read more...]
Many people with whom I speak can't get over Donald Trump's ongoing ascendance in national polls. He leads the field of candidates for the Republican Party's nomination by staggering numbers. Whatever you think of him, he is hard to dismiss as an outlier (See "Latest Polls Set Stage for Unprecedented Circumstances"). An African-American civil rights lawyer with whom I spoke on Sunday agreed. Keep your eyes wide open. Don't discount Trump, for he speaks to our base passions. He makes sense to the … [Read more...]
Is a patient near the end of life simply temporarily animated matter--a soon-to-be corpse that is turned to ash or locked in a box? Is the patient a combination of material and immaterial substances, the latter of which is easily separated like a pound of flesh that lessens the body's weight at death? Or is the patient a relational energy (namely, a soul or spirit), who returns to the divine Spirit, the same Spirit who enlivens his or her bodily particularity until life's end?And who … [Read more...]
Donald Trump’s recent statements about banning Muslims from the States has met with a wide array of reactions—from total support to outright disgust.Some fear that Trump’s stance is counterproductive and will only benefit ISIS propaganda that the States and the West as a whole are anti-Muslim. Tribalism only intensifies conflicts rather than reduces them, as Steven Pinker argues in The Better Angles of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined. While some dispute Pinker’s view that violence is on … [Read more...]
Anti-Theologies Are Theologies, Part IFor those who think that metaphysics and theology are antiquated disciplines that have no place in our scientific age, please think again. Take one prominent contemporary example—Richard Dawkins. Like Freud, he is an anti-theology theologian in disguise. The anti-theological Dawkins presents theological or metaphysical claims. His fundamental thesis that the gene is selfish and that it governs all reality is not a hypotheses that Dawkins could readily j … [Read more...]
In the concluding chapter of Sociobiology: A New Synthesis, Harvard University’s Edward O. Wilson states, “Scientists and humanists should consider together the possibility that the time has come for ethics to be removed temporarily from the hands of the philosophers and biologicized.” Wilson is certainly not the first to recommend this move. For Wilson, it is bound up with his aim to promote the “Modern Synthesis” involving sociobiology, which he defines as “the systematic study of the bio … [Read more...]