Infinite Inaccuracy

I spent the weekend at an alumni event for my college debating group.  In the wee hours of the morning, a fellow transhumanist and I were arguing with a rather tipsy post-modernist.  PoMo guy was arguing we couldn’t justifiably wish to live forever or even to live too long, since, without death, there could be no need to leave a legacy after us, and, thus, the drive to create would be annihilated.  (If people are interested, I can write up my counterargument in a different post).

From Dresden Codak’s excellent Dungeons and Discourse

As part of our response, my transhumanist friend and I brought up the claim that, by induction, everyone wants to be immortal.  Today, I wish to be alive and in good health tomorrow.  Tomorrow, I will have the same wish for the day after tomorrow, etc.  The post-modernist’s eyes went wide and he told us intently, “I could maybe be ok with that.  Are you saying that you would live an infinite time, but that time would be countably infinite?”

I can share no further insights from this discussion, because my transhumanist partner and I collapsed in giggles and nothing more could be gotten out of us except, “I aspire to be uncountably immortal!”  “I shall be two-to-the-aleph-null immortal!”  “My immortality will be undiagonalizable!

There are a couple lessons to draw here.  First: my college friends throw excellent parties.  Second: laypeople tend to get themselves in trouble fast when they speak casually about infinity.

Anyone making claims about God tends to get tangled up in questions of infinity sooner or later, and Marc of the Bad Catholic blog here at Patheos got into the topic in “In Defense of Stupid Conversions (God Exists!)” — a post arguing that Beauty is persuasive evidence for God.  I’m not addressing the whole post, just the bit my math-geek mind latched on to, so you should read his whole post to properly understand his argument.  Here’s the bit I want to talk about:

If Beauty can indeed be maintained to be an Infinite, Supernatural Existence, then God is Beauty. For there cannot exist two independent infinities. An immovable object and an unstoppable force cannot meet. Another way of saying this is that God is infinitely beautiful, which as I showed in the train example, is the same as saying God is Beauty…

So when Francis Collins falls to his knees before the sight of a gorgeous, frozen waterfall, it isn’t emotionalism. It isn’t weakness. For all practical purposes, it seems to be basic mathematics. The existence of Beauty declares the existence of God, for Beauty, in it’s infinity is God. Any experience of beauty, whether experienced by the hardcore atheist or the flabby-minded Christian, is an experience of God.

There can totally exist two independent infinities.  Let’s go back to the idea of countable vs. uncountable numbers.  The set of natural numbers (1,2,3,4,……) is infinite and countable.  A set is countable when, well, you can count along it.  I’ll never reach the end, but I can move from one number to the next in a sequence.

An uncountable infinity is something like the set of real numbers (whole numbers, fractions, transcendentals like pi — it’s pretty much the whole number line).  There’s no way for me to count along this set.  If I decide I’m starting at zero, where should I go next?  0.1?  0.0001?  pi/100,000,000?

These two infinities are not equivalent (you can’t match the elements of one with the elements of the other).  So if you want to claim that Beauty must be God, you’re going to need are argument that goes beyond the idea that both concepts are infinite.  If you’re a math person, you want to claim that there’s a bijection between the two ideas.  If you’re a layperson, you still want to claim that, but since you don’t know the jargon, what you say is that the two infinities are identical or that each one contains the other.  And, as the example of countable and uncountable sets shows, just because two quantities are infinite does not mean they are interchangeable.

Maybe what Marc meant was that there can’t be two independent unities (which I’m using here to denote some concept that contains everything).  There can only be one example of the set that includes all sets including itself.  Anything else that met the definition would be identical to the one we’re already looking at.

If that’s the case he’s making, I think I’d need more to convince me that Beauty was isomorphic (able to be mapped onto) the totality of the universe.  That seems like a claim one could make about God, but even if you grant that Beauty is objective, I don’t think it gets you close enough to the claim that Beauty is Everything.

About Leah Libresco

Leah Anthony Libresco graduated from Yale in 2011. She works as a statistician for a school in Washington D.C. by day, and by night writes for Patheos about theology, philosophy, and math at www.patheos.com/blogs/unequallyyoked. She was received into the Catholic Church in November 2012."

  • Gilbert

    Two totally unrelated points:
    1. I think what Marc means with “infinitely X” is “the perfection of X”. This too is a word rather than an explanation, because the question is a lot more complicated than it looks. If you actually care and have a few hours to spare you might want to read Gyula Klima’s The “Grammar ” of ‘God’ and ‘Being’
    2. The induction argument is based on the wrong assumption of time-consistent preferences. By that logic not only do I never want to die, I also never want to do any work again.

  • Jonathan

    You misinterpreted. He was talking about the projection of beauty onto the Riemann sphere.

  • http://www.soulsprawl.com Matt DeStefano

    This sounds like Beauty as a Form talk, and I think the Platonian deals with these sorts of musings as concisely as it dealt with the Forms.

    As an aside, I don’t even know what it means to say “Beauty is Infinite”. It sounds like something that would be said after enormous amounts of pharmaceutical-strength hallucinogens were consumed.

  • http://www.thelostcoin.org Marc

    The demonstration by induction that you mention seems to apply only to any one person that currently wants to live tomorrow, but not to a set of people, provided that in every population there is a small percentage of persons that actually want to die today. Regardless of it, I know that what I want today is not always what I tomorrow.

  • Quid est veritas

    What in Nature is not Beautiful? If not physically beautiful, then beautifully efficient, or productive, or beautiful only at certain times?
    If nature is an extension of an infinite Creator, doesn’t it follow that some part of the Creator is imbibed by the creation? Artwork is distinguished by certain peculiarities, or traits of the artist. Shouldn’t the artwork of creation have some of the traits of its Creator? (All this, assuming of course that there was in fact a Creator.)

    • http://s2solutions.us/wordpress Seth Strong

      Creationists are not beautiful and efficient person by person. Only sexy Creationists have any of that and I don’t think it’s fair for “sexy” to be a complete substitute for “Beautiful”. I’d like Beautiful to transcend form, function, and even more optimization than you see in today’s life.

  • http://s2solutions.us/wordpress Seth Strong

    I argued for wanting to live together against the argument that “life is not worth living when you have to have someone to wipe your ass.” As an engineer, I have a lot of time to invent my own ass wiper and I would then consider its actions to be delegations of my own.

    In the end, the matter most clear was that he wanted a shorter life than I want. By how much is not certain. But, if some people want a shorter life, I guess that’s fine even if I tend to think they are being naive.

  • Sam Urfer

    I think he is going into some ideas about transcendentals that do not map onto the infinite sets analogy. From here:

    “Truth, Goodness, and Beauty ore “transcendentally one” in the sense that each is *being* apprehended via a different modality. Truth is being as known, Goodness is being as rightly desired, and Beauty is being as rightly admired. Kreeft, I think, maps this onto the trichotomous soul: Truth is being’s imprint on the mind, Goodness is beings imprint on the will, and Beauty is beings imprint on the emotions. So Truth, Goodness, and Beauty are all different modes of Being as apprehended by the Mind, the Will, and the Emotions.”

    Beauty is the experience of the unity of being, speaking in traditional terms.

  • Ratio et Fides

    Having already read Marc’s post, I agreed with the conclusion, but not with the proof.

    Your line of inquiry is good, and addresses the main problem in his work. Marc argues primarily that Beauty is evidence for God, but syntactically that Beauty is God. It might be better merely to claim that [Beauty exists & Beauty is infinite] is an argument for [the existence of infinite Being]. If something infinite exists in any cardinality, then only injection is required on the essence of God. This is supported by what we know of infinite sets. (i.e., N R, but N->R can be constructed any number of ways.)

    Incidentally, as a Catholic I have had similar thoughts about the desirability of eternity and also related it to the cardinality of infinity. In my view, thinking of eternal existence as countable or even monotonic is terrifying. I can only conceive of eternal existence as being separated from the binding advance of time and fixed experience of the higher dimensions.


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