It’s been almost a month since you’ve heard from me. Sorry about that; the last scheduled publication fell right on the Canadian Thanksgiving weekend and I was “chillin’ with the fam.” Business as usual resumes!
My initiator Lord Redleaf once said the most insightful thing I have heard about the nature of the Craft, and I now quote it to all my students: “Wicca is an individual pursuit, best practiced in groups.” I love this statement because it observes one of the essential truths of our path, even of spirituality in general. In the Craft, we don’t interpret the Divine for you. We expect that each Witch will go and seek Divine contact for him- or herself. It’s the reason we emphasize practice over dogma. Who am I to tell you that your vision of the Divine in wrong, just because it’s different from mine?
Witches are mystics. The definition of mysticism is “a doctrine of an immediate spiritual intuition of truths believed to transcend ordinary understanding, or of a direct, intimate union of the soul with God through contemplation or ecstasy.” That’s what “Aspecting” or “Drawing Down the Moon (or Sun)” is all about. That’s what “trusting your intuition” or “finding your True Will” or even “reclaiming your Shadow-Self” is all about. We don’t want to tell you what the gods think; we want you to find out for yourself. We want you to experience your own personal gnosis.
And therein lays the dilemma for the Wiccan teacher. How do you impart a personal experience of the Divine that may not be at all like your own? How do you teach the sound of one hand clapping?
The answer is: you don’t. You teach the skills needed in order to make this very personal discovery instead.
Step 1: Break Old Patterns
A full cup holds no more water. In order to make room for the wine of personal gnosis, you have to empty the cup. You have to teach your student to “forget all they know, or think they know.” You will probably have to do this more than once.
But how do you break the patterns? There are a few tricks in our bag. “Trick” is probably the right word, because when people think that their paradigm is working, it usually requires you to compel them to see it at a different angle. Most of the time students won’t come to you anyway unless circumstances have already forced them to see the cracks in the reality they thought was pristine, and so you can usually work in a figurative chisel and start chipping away. As Leonard Cohen says, “There is a crack, a crack in everything. That’s how the light gets in.”
Playing the Devil’s Advocate can be effective. If a student tells you that something is the truth, argue the other point of view, even if that’s not how you feel about it. If your student says yes, tell them the answer is no, and then when they’ve become convinced of this, persuade them that the answer is yes again. Demand that they make moral and ethical decisions, not based on what people have told them to do, but based instead on how they feel about it. Ask them questions for which there is no true answer, or many. Koans are good examples. These methods force Seekers to eventually stop thinking in absolutes and polarities, and learn instead to embrace the “yes, and” thinking that I believe to be one of the most beautiful aspects of Paganism; a belief that many things can be true at once, “from a certain point of view,” just like Obi-Wan Kenobi tells us.
Another respected method in our community of emptying the cup is something I call “Coyote Wisdom.” This is the wisdom of the fool. Laughing at our pretentions and pulling the wool over our eyes are the tools of the trade. Most Pagan traditions have a place for the Trickster, from Loki to Coyote to Hermes to Pan. Shamans of varying cultures often do things that are socially awkward, uncomfortable, lewd, rude or downright embarrassing in order to make use of this principle in training themselves and others. When we are shocked into seeing how ridiculous our assumptions and ego-based constructs are, we are more willing to accept that maybe we don’t actually know everything, and we open up a crack. Remember that our Goddess exhorts us to have “mirth and reverence” for a reason!
Shock and fear are less comfortable, but equally effective ways of emptying the cup. Crises can be one of the most effective tools there are of dumping out all that stagnant water, because they force an entire paradigm change. Initiations induce artificial crises that are often easier to handle than the ones life hands you. Pain, suffering and grief are effective in this vein, which is why British Traditional Witches use the Scourge to purify and the Witch’s Cradle to meditate; why Feri Witches teach about the Iron Pentacle, and why Reclaiming and Dianic Witches teach the lessons of the Dark Goddess. This is also why Indian and Eastern mystics have pierced the skin with rings and needles, and why so many sacred paths have a tradition of the “wounded healer” (Siberian shamans were actually required to be maimed or suffer a Near Death Experience before they were accepted for training.) Some traditions have used psychoactive drugs, called “entheogens” by anthropologists, for this purpose as well.
Step 2: Feed the Right Brain
We think of logic and reason as being the province of the “left brain.” We think of creativity and imagination as being the province of the “right brain.” You can’t find the Divine with the left brain. The left brain classifies and categorizes; it adds and subtracts; and it gives things names and labels. The right brain is the source of Divine connection and inspiration, and we use the left brain to give those experiences understanding and meaning.
The Druids called it Awen. They knew that the same “fire-in-the-head” that inspires the creativity of bards also inspires the insights of holy people. And our society has no use for it because it doesn’t breed good workers and good data processors, or obedient consumers. We are so busy developing our left brain thinking that we often neglect our right brains entirely. Even much of our entertainment and art is pre-packaged within particular acceptable perimeters.
Trancing is the way in which we touch the Divine. It gets the left brain out of the way. So teaching ways to enter that trance-state is the most valuable skill you will impart on your students. From intense meditation, to cloud gazing, to ecstatic dancing, to sex; from pain to pleasure; from rhythm and movement to flashing lights and psychoactive drugs, opening up that right brain is essential.
Anything that feeds and trains the right brain is good for teaching the skills necessary to find personal gnosis. Guided meditations, creative rituals, ritual writing, story-writing, art, healing arts, music, even daydreaming; all of these things teach us to access the right brain’s gifts of imagination and visualization. That’s where God/dess is found. So this is where language fails us. It’s not because it’s not a “real” experience, it’s because divine connection takes place on a level that the left brain is designed to help us to understand, but not experience. Foster your students’ creativity as well as their willingness to be open to possibility.
Step 3: Offer Language for the New Paradigm
This is a stage that is often neglected. Now that you have literally “blown your students’ minds,” you have an obligation to aid them in putting those minds back together again, or else their experience in the Underworld, and their communion with Divinity, has no meaning. They will also have no ability to function again in our three dimensional reality; which is why it’s not really unusual for practicing metaphysicians to go a little crazy. The reason why this is often neglected is because you can’t tell them how to do this! Most of us found our way to Pagan paths because we resented being told what and how to think. If you do that, you are limiting rather than empowering your students. Julian Betkowski just wrote a great article about all this recently in his Agora column “Syncretic Electric” called “Materialism and Narcissism.”
This is a good opportunity to make use of that “yes, and” thinking we talked about earlier. The Eleusinian Mysteries offered the tale of Persephone as a metaphor of the transformation, which likely came from the Descent of Inanna and the Isis Mysteries; and later versions offered the tale of Dionysus, Osiris, perhaps even Jesus as paradigms of this essential transformation. A person who has experienced personal gnosis is no longer merely mortal, but is now interconnected to the universal powers that we call Divine. Give it whatever name you want – Awen, the Higher Self, the Holy Spirit – there is a part of everyone that is entirely made of spirit and stars, and the person who has communed with it should be able to bring that Divine part into the physical world to improve his or her life and the lives of others. Offer myths and possible meanings without stating that any of them are “the truth.” Encourage your students to heed their own “inner voices.” That is, after all, why most of us are here.
Next column: Your Mileage May Vary – Embracing Multiple & Contradicting Truths in the Craft.
 Willow (1988). Written by George Lucas, directed by Ron Howard. MGM and Lucasfilm/Imagine Entertainment.
 Cohen, Leonard. “Anthem.” From “The Future: Ten New Songs,” released 1992.
 I believe assertiveness training should be part of every Witch’s study. I recommend the book When I Say No I Feel Guilty by Manuel J. Smith, Ph.D. (Bantam Books, 1985). You can also find a useful abstract at this link.
 As Dr. Joseph Campbell tells us in The Hero with a Thousand Faces, original publication 1949 by Pantheon Books.