5 Important Old Testament Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus

5 Important Old Testament Prophecies Fulfilled By Jesus June 4, 2018

There are hundreds of prophecies in the Bible about Jesus Christ, but here are 5 important Old Testament prophecies that Jesus fulfilled during His earthly ministry.

Born of a Virgin

When Judah and King Ahaz were in peril from both the king of Syria and the king of Israel, Isaiah went to comfort Ahaz with the news, “do not fear, and do not let your heart be faint because of these two smoldering stumps of firebrands, at the fierce anger of Rezin and Syria and the son of Remaliah” (Isaiah 7:4), and Isaiah even asked King Ahaz to ask for a sign for confirmation, but King Ahaz refused to ask for a sign, saying, “I will not ask, and I will not put the LORD to the test” (Isaiah 7:12), so God gives one anyway, and it’s surprising that it would be the one. It refers to the Messiah Who was prophesied to be born of a virgin, and some 800 years before His birth! Isaiah wrote that “the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will conceive and give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel” (Isaiah 7:14). Of course, this was fulfilled in Matthew 2:21-23 where Matthew even quotes Isaiah 7:14, and Immanuel, which means “God with us,” and He is still with us with us today and forever (Heb 13:5).

Rejected by His Own

This prophecy came true at the cross where Jesus “was numbered with the transgressors” (Isaiah 53:12), and before His own people, “He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows and acquainted with grief; and as one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not” (Isaiah 53:3). Isaiah’s prophecies were fulfilled precisely as He wrote they would happen: “He was despised and rejected by men,” and “he was despised, and we esteemed him not” (53:3), and so “He came to his own, and his own people did not receive him” (John 1:11). Even today, people are still despising Him and rejecting Him.


Psalm 41:9 prophesied of Christ that “Even my close friend in whom I trusted, who ate my bread, has lifted his heel against me,” and that was fulfilled at the moment when Jesus said, “Judas, would you betray the Son of Man with a kiss” (Luke 22:48)? This was also foretold by Zechariah (11:12-13) where there is a reference about thirty pieces of silver, which was about the price of a slave, and this act was done in the house of the Lord, and later, these returned pieces of silver would be given to the potter. Judas received thirty pieces of silver to betray Jesus (Matt 26:14-16), but when Judas regretted his actions, he returned the silver coins, but “the chief priests, taking the pieces of silver, said, “It is not lawful to put them into the treasury, since it is blood money. So they took counsel and bought with them the potter’s field as a burial place for strangers” (Matt 27:6-7).

Pierced Hands and Feet

Psalm 22 is about the crucifixion as the psalmist wrote, “they pierce my hands and my feet” (22:16), and Jesus lived to have this fulfilled. After Jesus died on the cross, Thomas doubted that He would have ever been raised from the dead, even saying, “Unless I see the nail marks in his hands and put my finger where the nails were, and put my hand into his side, I will not believe” (John 20:25), but when Jesus appeared to Thomas, Jesus told him, “Put your finger here; see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side. Stop doubting and believe” (John 20:27). At some point, everyone will know of Jesus’ existence and omnipotence, but they won’t like it. The Apostle John wrote, “Behold, he is coming with the clouds, and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him, and all tribes of the earth will wail on account of him. Even so. Amen” (Rev 1:7). Scripture tells us the certainty that, “every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God” (Rom 14:11). It doesn’t matter what we believe or feel like. It matters what God’s Word says. Every knee will bow and every tongue will confess at Jesus Christ’s appearance. No exceptions.

Buried with the Rich

Isaiah prophesied that the Messiah would make “his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death” (Isaiah 53:9a), and even though “he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth” (Isaiah 53:9b), Jesus was still despised and rejected by most of His own people. That’s why He “was cut off out of the land of the living,” (Isaiah 53:8). Isaiah’s prophecy is fulfilled in Matthew where he wrote that “there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who also was a disciple of Jesus. He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate ordered it to be given to him. And Joseph took the body and wrapped it in a clean linen shroud and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had cut in the rock. He rolled a big stone in front of the entrance to the tomb and went away” (Matt 27:57-60).


There are many other prophecies about Jesus in the Old Testament, some yet to be fulfilled, but many already have been. For example, while Jesus hung on the cross, the psalmist wrote, “they divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots” (Psalm 22:18). Matthew records the fulfillment of this when writing, “And when they had crucified him, they divided his garments among them by casting lots” (Matt 27:35). Clearly, Jesus is the long-prophesied Messiah Who “was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities” (Isaiah 53:5a). John saw it all. He was an eye witness to it and wrote, “This is the disciple who is bearing witness about these things, and who has written these things, and we know that his testimony is true” (John 21:24), so with authority, John could write, “That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we looked upon and have touched with our hands, concerning the word of life” (1 John 1:1).

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is a writer at Christian Quotes and also the Senior Writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage, and energize Christians and to address questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Teaching Children the Gospel available on Amazon.

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  • I don’t think it counts as a prophecy if the author of a gospel could’ve read something in the Old Testament and then said, “Yeah, that’s a good bit. I’ll write that into my biography of Jesus.”

    • Jack Wellman

      So if the Old Testament prophecy written in ancient times came true and you were an apostle and seen Jesus fulfill some of these before their eyes, it is not a prophecy? What is your definition of prophecy. It seems different than most.

      • The first question is what kind of prophecy we’re talking about. If it’s “The Messiah will come from the house of David” or “This coming winter will be colder than it is now,” that’s unworthy of the creator of the universe. What I want is something insanely specific that wouldn’t be a self-fulfilling prophecy, as would you if you were to consider a prophecy from some other religion.

        But let’s ignore that for now. The far bigger problem is that the authors of the gospels could’ve, in effect, looked in the back of the book for the answers. What they’re putting down is just words on paper, and the words can be anything. They could read of some prophecy in the OT, and then write, “Hey, y’know that prophecy? Well, it came true in the life of Jesus!!” I need more evidence than that. I would hope that you do, too.

        Let me answer your question, “Is it not a prophecy?” Sure, that would be a prophecy, but how could they convey that to us? That is, how would their writing about a fulfilled prophecy look different than their looking in the back of the book and writing that? How could we tell the difference?

        • Good_Samaritan

          I don’t see how people don’t get this Bob.

          What is more likely, that a passage from the Old Testament which was not written as a messianic prophesy was a super secret Jesus Prophesy that totally miraculously happened, of that the non-eyewitness author of the gospels had a copy of the Septuagint in front of them and referenced it?

          • I don’t see how people don’t get this Bob.

            Here’s how they’ll get it: give them the analogous argument from a religion not their own. They’ll see the problem immediately.

        • pud

          You will hurt his brain with rational questions

      • pud

        There is nothing in your book that you can demonstrate as being true.

      • Mary Ann

        Amen Jack! All prophecy’s will be fulfilled just as the Bible tells us. The most reliable book ever written..
        Yet people still refuse to believe.. like your biggest fan, Mr.Pud 🙂

        We shall pray for him..

        • Jack Wellman

          Amen Mary Ann (my daughter’s name too!). Pray for sure. He/she needs a mircale.

        • pud

          Don’t waste your time…grow up instead.

          • Mary Ann

            I am sorry if I offended you Pud.. It was not my intention.. But it seems you have no belief in God, so I do not understand why you would always argue with the author of a Christian website.. Would you not feel more at home at an atheist site?
            Isaiah 17:1 is a prophecy that is not yet fulfilled.. and there are others yet to come.. but if you see pictures of Damascus today.. much of it has been destroyed. Please Google ” Nile River drying up” .. you will see it is nearly dry..

            I would not be wasting my time praying for you Pud.. You are priceless.. one of a kind.. there is only one you.. fearfully and wonderfully made..

        • Jack Wellman

          Exactly my friend. God’s Word cannot fail. Thank you. As for Pud, she needs prayers, or he (hides behind her anonymity), so she or he or (a bot) is a blessing (Matt 5:10-12).

    • And what would be their motivation for doing so? Follow the money, Bob. Where is it?

      • I presume their motivation was to make a better story. They were going to write the gospel story anyway, so why not write a page turner?

        • Are you writing good stories hoping they will be a religion in 4,000 years?

          • ??

            My point is simple: if you’re writing a Jesus biography and you have access to the Old Testament, pointing to an OT story and saying that Jesus fulfilled it is hardly fulfilled prophecy. You’d laugh at an argument of this type from another religion. A fulfilled prophecy should be documented by someone who didn’t know the original prophecy.

          • And whose followers were persecuted to the death because they would not deny Jesus?
            Please, Bob. Plenty of people die believing in a lie, but nobody willingly dies for a lie. All they would have had to do is recant their testimony and be assured their life would be spared.

          • Please, WC. Show me (1) who died and how and (2) that they could’ve gotten out of their death penalty by denying Jesus in some way. Also (3) show the provenance of the document(s) that you cite so we can be confident that they convey the meaning of the originals.

            I fear that you’ll say, “Well, everyone knows that.” Nope. Do a little research, and I think you’ll find that there’s not much support for this popular claim.

            If you want the results of my research, here you go:

          • pud

            9-11 stupid

  • David

    Thank you, Jack
    The prophecies were written well before Jesus came to earth. That’s very easily proved.
    They were fulfilled during Jesus stay on earth.
    How do we know they were fulfilled?
    There were many witnesses to what Jesus did and said!!

    • pud

      Name one. Name one actual eye witness. Tell me who recorded what “jesus” said particularly when he was all alone! It’s a make believe made up book. Grow up

      • Why do you hate the truth pud? What motivates you? Why do you hate salvation? Do you require an eye witness for every bit of truth before you assent to it?

        • pud

          Describe how you arrive at what is “true”

          Demonstrate that any claim made by any religious lunatic is actually “true”

          • OK, but I need audience participation for this thrilling event.
            You only need a plastic bag and a rubber band, and may find it more comfortable to sit on a couch when you put them on your head. Ready? OK, put the bag over your head, put the rubber band over your neck so the bag doesn’t fly off. OK? Now wait, the surprise doesn’t happen for about 5-10 minutes.

          • JRene

            Ah, there’s that Christian love. Do you always get that mad when your beliefs are shown to be delusions?

          • I’m not mad, seems you are also deluded.

      • David

        Peter. And Peter wrote:
        So I will always remind you of these things, even though you know them and are firmly established in the truth you now have. I think it is right to refresh your memory as long as I live in the tent of this body, because I know that I will soon put it aside, as our Lord Jesus Christ has made clear to me. And I will make every effort to see that after my departure you will always be able to remember these things.
        For we did not follow cleverly devised stories when we told you about the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ in power, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. He received honour and glory from God the Father when the voice came to him from the Majestic Glory, saying, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.” We ourselves heard this voice that came from heaven when we were with him on the sacred mountain.
        We also have the prophetic message as something completely reliable, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation of things. For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit. 2 Peter 1:12-21

        And, as Peter said, the Holy Spirit ensured his record of what he saw and heard from Jesus was accurate. In fact, the Holy Spirit was a witness of everything Jesus did and said.
        As Jesus said:
        But very truly I tell you, it is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Advocate will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. When he comes, he will prove the world to be in the wrong about sin and righteousness and judgment: about sin, because people do not believe in me; about righteousness, because I am going to the Father, where you can see me no longer; and about judgment, because the prince of this world now stands condemned.
        “I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all the truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come. He will glorify me because it is from me that he will receive what he will make known to you. All that belongs to the Father is mine. That is why I said the Spirit will receive from me what he will make known to you.” John 16:7-15

        “All this I have spoken while still with you. But the Advocate, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I
        have said to you. John 14:25-26

        As for your comments on what Jesus predicted in Matthew, those predictions were not about the end of the world but the destruction of Jerusalem in AD70 or the end of the persecution by Emperor Domitian late 1st century.

  • pud

    Poor simple minded jack…

    Wrong prophecies

    3.1 Nebuchadnezzar would destroy Tyre
    3.2 Egypt would be a barren wasteland
    3.3 Nebuchadnezzar will conquer Egypt
    3.4 The Nile will dry up (Ezekiel)
    3.5 Triumph of Judah
    3.6 The Nile will dry up and sea will drain (Isaiah)
    3.7 Egyptians will speak the language of Canaan
    3.8 Failure to smite Jesus
    3.9 Israel will extend from the Red Sea to the Euphrates
    3.10 The chosen people’s land promises
    3.11 Israel will live in peace with its neighbors
    3.12 Davidic line will endure forever
    4 Post-event prophecies
    4.1 Cyrus will conquer Babylon
    5 Non-prophecies
    5.1 The messiah will be born to a virgin
    5.2 The messiah will be born in Bethlehem
    5.2.1 Oakes
    5.3 Jesus will be a Nazarene
    5.4 Jesus will be called out of Egypt
    5.4.1 Oakes
    5.5 Jesus will be pierced
    5.6 The suffering servant
    5.7 The great disappointment
    5.7.1 Oakes
    6 Vague prophecies
    6.1 Daniel interprets Nebuchadnezzar’s dream
    6.2 Daniel’s Seventy Weeks Prophecy

  • pud

    Some of the prophecies claimed to be fulfilled in the New Testament don’t even exist in the Old Testament! LOL!!

    For example, in Luke 24:46, Jesus said:

    “Thus it is written and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day.”

    However, nowhere in the Old Testament does it predict or say that! Also, in John 7:38 Jesus said,

    “He who believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, out of his heart will flow rivers of

    living water.”

    If Jesus was right in saying that scripture prophesied this, where is it then? No such statement in the Old Testament scriptures has ever been located, yet “the scripture” Jesus referred to would certainly have been in the Old Testament. How could there be a fulfillment of a prophecy that was never even made?

    In another example, Jesus claimed another fulfillment of nonprophecy in Luke 24:46.

    “Thus it is written and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day.”

    Paul also claimed that Christ’s resurrection on the third day was also predicted by scriptures. He said in 1 Corinthians 15:3-4

    “For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the scriptures.”

    However, Christian apologists cannot produce a single Old Testament passage that made this alleged third day prediction! It simply doesn’t exist! Likewise in John 20:9

    “For as yet they knew not the scripture, that he must rise again from the dead.”

    How could they not know the scripture, since the scripture prophesying that doesn’t even exist? No such scripture has ever been found. Jesus also said in Mark 1:2

    “It is written in Isaiah the prophet: ‘I will send my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way'”

    Yet no statement like that appears in the book of Isaiah! That is a clear error there, without a doubt. In Acts 20:35 it says

    “In everything I did, I showed you that by this kind of hard work we must help the weak, remembering the words the Lord Jesus himself said: `It is more blessed to give than to receive.'”

    Yet no such words of Jesus are found in the Bible! Later on, James said in James 4:5

    “Or do you think Scripture says without reason that the spirit he caused to live in us envies intensely?”

    Again, no such words are found in scripture!

    In another indisputable example, Matthew said that Judas’ purchase of the potter’s field

    with the thirty pieces of silver cast back to the chief priests and elders fulfilled a prophecy made by Jeremiah:

    “Then was fulfilled that which was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the price of him that was priced, whom certain of the children of Israel did price; and they gave them for the potter’s field as the Lord appointed me.” (Matthew 27:9-10)

    The only problem here is that Jeremiah NEVER wrote anything remotely similar to this! So how could this be a fulfillment of “that which was spoken through Jeremiah the prophet”? There is a passage in Zechariah that this might refer to though, however, if the Bible is the inerrant word of God, then how could it make mistakes like this?!

    When Joseph took his family to Nazareth after they went to Egypt, Matthew said he did this so

    “…that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophets, that he should be called a Nazarene.” (Matthew 2:23)

    Again, Bible scholars have never been unable to find any statement from any prophet that this could be referring to! As a matter of fact, neither the word Nazareth or Nazarene was ever mentioned in the Old Testament. If this is so, how could the period of Jesus’ residency in Nazareth have been prophesied by the prophets?

    How can an inerrant Bible contain huge mistakes like this? Is it any wonder why Christians never refer to these verses as fulfillment of prophecy? These critical errors clearly render the fulfillment of prophecy argument inept.

  • pud

    Isaiah 17:1 “An oracle concerning Damascus: See, Damascus will no longer be a city but will become a heap of ruins.”
    FAIL: Damascus is still inhabited today with well over a million people and there was never a time where it ceased to be a city. It is widely known as being the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world.

    Isaiah 19:4-5 “I will hand the Egyptians over to the power of a cruel master, and a fierce king will rule over them, declares the Lord, the LORD Almighty. The waters of the river will dry up, and the riverbed will be parched and dry.”
    FAIL: The river mentioned here is the Nile which never dried up and is still one of Egypt’s greatest natural resource.

    Isaiah 52:1 “Awake, awake, O Zion, clothe yourself with strength. Put on your garments of splendor, O Jerusalem, the holy city. The uncircumcised and defiled will not enter you again.”
    FAIL: There are still uncircumcised people living in Jerusalem even today.

    Ezekiel 30:10-11 “This is what the Sovereign LORD says: I will put an end to the hordes of Egypt by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. He and his army – the most ruthless of nations – will be brought in to destroy the land. They will draw their swords against Egypt and fill the land with the slain.”
    FAIL: Ezekiel predicts that Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon will conquer Egypt utterly destroying it, slaying and scattering its people. In 568 BCE Nebuchadnezzar tried to conquer Egypt and Egypt survived with no apparent damage. Aahmes ruled for another generation over a prosperous Egypt and lived to see Nebuchadnezzar die. The Egyptians were not scattered or dispersed.

    Ezekiel 29:10-11 “therefore I am against you and against your streams, and I will make the land of Egypt a ruin and a desolate waste from Migdol to Aswan, as far as the border of Cush. The foot of neither man nor beast will pass through it; no one will live there for forty years.”
    FAIL: Never in its long history has Egypt been uninhabited for forty years.

    Matthew 16:28 “I tell you the truth, some who are standing here will not taste death before they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.” 23:36 “I tell you the truth, all this will come upon this generation.” 24:34 “I tell you the truth, this generation will certainly not pass away until all these things have happened.”
    FAIL: Jesus states in Matthew that all the signs marking the end of the world would be fulfilled before his generation ended, before the people that were standing infront of him “taste death.” Those people have been dead for over 2000 years and the world did not come to an end, neither have all those signs been fulfilled.