Was Paul’s Epistolary Anger Rhetorical or Real? (Gupta)

Was Paul’s Epistolary Anger Rhetorical or Real? (Gupta) April 7, 2014

In a post I wrote earlier today, I linked a couple of video lectures I watched by Luke Timothy Johnson. In the first video, Johnson makes the case that Paul’s anger in Galatians is “rhetorical” – we are not reading his hot-headed personality, we are reading his rhetorical argumentation (i.e., the “anger” is not unchecked emotion, but communicative strategy). Many other scholars think quite differently, that Paul was hastily sending off a letter soaked in his “real” indignation. I think there is probably a balance to find here (and perhaps Johnson is implying that after all), but I found a noteworthy illustration of the latter view (Paul was angry and it shows) in an article by David Bartlett called “Preaching to Galatians” (Interpretation, 2000, 279-292).

In days of yore when both were teaching at Union Seminary in New York City, it is said that Paul Tillich and Reinhold Niebuhr were wont to write angry letters to scholars or critics with whom they disagreed. Both also had the habit of letting the letter cool overnight and then rethinking the issue in the morning. Typically, according to the story, Tillich would re-read his angry letter, think better of it, and put it in the wastebasket. Niebuhr would re-read the letter and then put it in the mailbox…

When he wrote Galatians, Paul foreshadowed Niebuhr. (280)


"Thanks Nijay. Yes, there is an intentional shift to classroom use in this volume. In ..."

Book Review: The New Cambridge Companion ..."
"I want to read this....after all the books for my September class, and all the ..."

Book Review: Jesus and the Forces ..."
"Uhh...anyone familiar with the basics of mainstream New Testament studies is probably aware that Paul ..."

June 24, 2020: FB Live Public ..."

Browse Our Archives