What Is The Biblical Definition of Joy? How Does The Bible Define Joy?

What Is The Biblical Definition of Joy? How Does The Bible Define Joy? May 21, 2015

How does the Bible define joy? What does the Bible say about joy? Do you have joy?


Joy Defined

Joy isn’t like happiness which is based upon happenings or whether things are going well or not. No, joy remains even amidst the suffering. Joy is not happiness. Joy is an emotion that’s acquired by the anticipation, acquisition or even the expectation of something great or wonderful. It could be described as exhilaration, delight, sheer gladness, and can result from a great success or a very beautiful or wonderful experience like a wedding or graduation but the definition of joy that the world holds is not nearly as amazing as biblical joy but joy is also gift.

A Fruit of the Spirit

Paul mentions some of the fruits of the Spirit like “love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, and faithfulness” and many others so joy is one of the fruits or the results of having the indwelling of the Holy Spirit. You cannot fake joy…you either have it or you don’t. Paul writes to the church at Thessalonica that “for you received the word in much affliction, with the joy of the Holy Spirit” (1 Thess 1:6) indicating that joy is associated with God the Holy Spirit and that the “righteousness and peace and joy [is] in the Holy Spirit” (Rom 14:17) and finds it source in God as even “the disciples were filled with joy and with the Holy Spirit” (Acts 13:52).

The Joy of His Disciples

Peter wrote about this as with having the knowledge of Jesus, writing “Though you have not seen him, you love him. Though you do not now see him, you believe in him and rejoice with joy that is inexpressible and filled with glory” (1 Pet 1:8). Even in our trials James writes that we should “Count it all joy, my brothers, when you meet trials of various kinds” (James 1:2). This helped Jesus endure the cross “who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the throne of God” (Heb 12:2).


The Joy from Others

Paul received joy from Philemon from which we see him writing “I have derived much joy and comfort from your love, my brother, because the hearts of the saints have been refreshed through you” (Phil 1:7) and in his remembrance of Timothy by writing “As I remember your tears, I long to see you, that I may be filled with joy” (2 Tim 1:4). Paul got much joy from just thinking about the churches and in Thessalonica he wrote “For you are our glory and joy” (1 Thess 2:20) and with “thanksgiving can we return to God for you, for all the joy that we feel for your sake before our God” (1 Thess 3:9). The church at Philippi might have been Paul’s favorite church and some call the Book of Philippians “the joy book” or letter as he wrote “complete my joy by being of the same mind, having the same love, being in full accord and of one mind” (Phil 2:2) and considered this church his “joy and crown” (Phil 4:1). Even to the church at Corinth he wrote “I felt sure of all of you, that my joy would be the joy of you all” (2 Cor 2:3). The Apostle John described this feeling as having “no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth” (3 John 3:4). Paul prayed for the church at Rome, “May the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, so that by the power of the Holy Spirit you may abound in hope” (Rom 15:13).

The Joy of the Lord

The Book of Psalms have more references to joy than any other book in the Bible and the psalmist wrote a lot about joy and much like what Nehemiah wrote, “the joy of the LORD is your strength” (Neh 8:10) for “all who take refuge in you rejoice; let them ever sing for joy” (Psalm 5:11). The psalmist wrote that God “put more joy in my heart” (Psalm 4:7) and in God’s “presence there is fullness of joy” (Psalm 16:11). Shouldn’t your worship services overflow with joy and make you “shout for joy over your salvation” (Psalm 20:5) because God’s presence will “make him glad with the joy of your presence” (Psalm 21:6).

The Joy of Worship

Our worship music leader loves to shout out his joy during worship music time and I tell him that he’s being biblical since Psalm 27:6 says we should “offer in his tent sacrifices with shouts of joy” and to all the “righteous, and shout for joy, all you upright in heart” (Psalm 32:11). Indeed, “Shout for joy in the Lord, O you righteous! Praise befits the upright” (Psalm 33:1) and “Let those who delight in my righteousness shout for joy and be glad and say evermore” (Psalm 35:27). The psalmist didn’t just have joy, he had “exceeding joy” (Psalm 43:4) and not just joy but “joy and gladness” (Psalm 45:15) so why not “Shout to God with loud songs of joy” (Psalm 47:1) for we have much to be joyful about so again I say “Shout for joy to God, all the earth” (Psalm 66:1)!


Joy is a permanent possession while happiness is fleeting. Joy stays, happiness comes and goes so why aren’t you more joyful if you are a child of God? We have very good reason to be since “the righteous shall be glad; they shall exult before God; they shall be jubilant with joy”(Psalm 68:3) and our worship songs should “tell of his deeds in songs of joy” (Psalm 107:22)!

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack WellmanJack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is also the Senior Writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage, and energize Christians and to address questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book  Blind Chance or Intelligent Design available on Amazon.

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