First Peter Chapter Two Bible Study And Commentary

First Peter Chapter Two Bible Study And Commentary January 16, 2017

Here is a Bible study and commentary on 1st Peter chapter two.

First Peter 2:1-3 “So put away all malice and all deceit and hypocrisy and envy and all slander. Like newborn infants, long for the pure spiritual milk, that by it you may grow up into salvation— if indeed you have tasted that the Lord is good.”

When the Apostle Peter was writing to the Jews, most of whom had been displaced from their homes, he wanted them to focus on growing in grace and feeding on “the pure spiritual milk” of the Word, so that they would “grow up into salvation” and this should help them to put away all malice, deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and slander. Why is this so? Because the Word of God has power to change lives and when the Spirit of God works with the Word of God the children of God are changed.

Why does the Apostle Peter call them to “long for the pure spiritual milk?”

What is this milk?

First Peter 2:4-5 “As you come to him, a living stone rejected by men but in the sight of God chosen and precious, you yourselves like living stones are being built up as a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.”

The “living stone” the Apostle Peter is writing about is clearly Jesus Christ and He was a major stumbling block to the Jews but this same “living stone” that was rejected by mankind (and still is today) was the stone that the church was built on, Jesus Himself being the Chief Cornerstone (Eph 2:20), and the “living stones” of the members of Jesus’ church are placed upon this solid rock of a foundation that shall never be destroyed.

What is the “spiritual house” called today?

Why are believer’s called “living stones?”

First Peter 2:6-8 “For it stands in Scripture: ‘Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a cornerstone chosen and precious, and whoever believes in him will not be put to shame. So the honor is for you who believe, but for those who do not believe, The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone,’ and ‘A stone of stumbling, and a rock of offense.’ They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do.”

As the Old Testament prophets had prophesied, they rejected the “living stone,” or Jesus Christ, but for those who put their trust in Him, they “will not be put to shame” on the day of judgment, however for those who reject the “living stone,” this same stone will be a cause or “rock of offense” and that is why “They stumble because they disobey the word” just “as they were destined to do.”

How does this “living stone” cause people to stumble?

Why did the builders reject the Chief Cornerstone?

First Peter 2:9-10 “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light. Once you were not a people, but now you are God’s people; once you had not received mercy, but now you have received mercy.”

Peter says that we are a royal priesthood and a holy nation that God has chosen as a possession for Himself, but first He had to call us out of darkness to bring us into the Light of the World (John 8:12). At one time, we too were not a people of God, but now, we have “received mercy” but only because God has chosen us, not that we ever chose Him (John 6:70, 15:16).

What does it mean we are “his own possession?”

Why were we once “not a people” of God?”

What changed?

As-you-come-to-him-a (2)

First Peter 2:11-12 “Beloved, I urge you as sojourners and exiles to abstain from the passions of the flesh, which wage war against your soul. Keep your conduct among the Gentiles honorable, so that when they speak against you as evildoers, they may see your good deeds and glorify God on the day of visitation.”

As Billy Graham once said, “this is not our home, we are only passing through” and this fits nicely with Scripture because we are called sojourners and are not of this world. We are only passing through and seeking a better kingdom, and one without end. If we live lives above reproach, as citizens of this new kingdom, we should have our conduct honorable before those who don’t believe, perhaps as a way to witness as Jesus said we are called to be lights of the world (Matt 5:14).

Why are we often called “sojourners” or “pilgrims?”

What does our conduct today have to do with “the day of visitation?”

First Peter 2:13-16 “Be subject for the Lord’s sake to every human institution, whether it be to the emperor as supreme, or to governors as sent by him to punish those who do evil and to praise those who do good. For this is the will of God, that by doing good you should put to silence the ignorance of foolish people. Live as people who are free, not using your freedom as a cover-up for evil, but living as servants of God.”

These verses are similar to what the Apostle Paul said where he wrote, “Let every person be subject to the governing authorities. For there is no authority except from God, and those that exist have been instituted by God. Therefore whoever resists the authorities resists what God has appointed, and those who resist will incur judgment” (Rom13:1-2). Peter adds that this freedom we have in Christ should not be used as a cover for sinning. All authority comes from God and it’s never to be used for evil.

How can believers “put to silence the ignorance of foolish people” who reject the gospel?

How can we use our “freedom as a cover-up for evil?”

First Peter 2:20-21 “For what credit is it if, when you sin and are beaten for it, you endure? But if when you do good and suffer for it you endure, this is a gracious thing in the sight of God. For to this you have been called, because Christ also suffered for you, leaving you an example, so that you might follow in his steps.”

It’s not pleasing in God’s sight to suffer for things that are our own fault and that we cause, but if we suffer for doing good, “this is a gracious thing in the sight of God” because Jesus’ suffered, and He was without sin. We are actually called to suffer “because Christ also suffered for you” and me, and has left us an example “so that [we] might follow in his steps.”

How can we suffer from doing good?

Why is it pleasing to God to suffer for doing good?

First Peter 2:22-25 “He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth. When he was reviled, he did not revile in return; when he suffered, he did not threaten, but continued entrusting himself to him who judges justly. He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed. For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls.”

Again, this is very similar to what Paul wrote in Romans 12 where he says we should “Repay no one evil for evil, but give thought to do what is honorable in the sight of all” (Rom 12:17), and “never avenge yourselves, but leave it to the wrath of God, for it is written, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay, says the Lord” (Rom 12:19). Instead of responding with evil to those who hate us, “if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink; for by so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good” (Rom 12:20-21). We love our enemies, do good to them that do bad things to us, and pray for those who persecute us. That is our calling.

What does it mean Jesus “did not revile in return” when He was reviled?

How can we die to sin?

How can we live to righteousness?

Conclusion

First Peter is full of admonitions and admonishment for the believer and it is still just as relevant today as it was in the day it was written, because “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness” (2nd Tim 3:16), and since God doesn’t change (Mal 3:6), His Word doesn’t change. It doesn’t need to.

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is also the Senior Writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage, and energize Christians and to address questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Teaching Children the Gospel available on Amazon.

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  • pud

    “All scripture is breathed out by god”…Really? Tell us Jack how you explain this then…

    You have to be one of the most willfully ignorant gullible people to have ever lived.

    Your own stupid Bronze Age book convicts you and proves that nothing you say about it is true.

    LK 22:3-23 Satan entered Judas before the supper.
    JN 13:27 It was during the supper.

    LK 23:43 Jesus promises one of those crucified with him that they will be together, that very day, in Paradise.
    JN 20:17, AC 1:3 Jesus was not raised until the third day and did not ascend until at least forty days later.

    LK 23:55-56 The women followed Joseph to the tomb, saw how the body had been laid, then went to prepare spices with which to anoint the body.
    JN 19:39-40 Joseph brought spices with him (75 or a 100 lbs.) and annointed the body (as the women should have noticed).

    JN 1:1, 10:30 Jesus and God are one.
    JN 14:28 God is greater than Jesus.

    JN 1:1 Jesus was God incarnate.
    AC 2:22 Jesus was a man approved by God.

    JN 3:17, 8:15, 12:47 Jesus does not judge.
    JN 5:22, 5:27-30, 9:39, AC 10:42, 2CO 5:10 Jesus does judge.

    JN 5:22 God does not judge.
    RO 2:2-5, 3:19, 2TH 1:5, 1PE 1:17 God does judge.

    JN 5:24 Believers do not come into judgement.
    MT 12:36, RO 5:18, 2CO 5:10, HE 9:27, 1PE 1:17, JU 1:14-15, RE 20:12-13 All persons (including believers) come into judgement.

    JN 5:31 Jesus says that if he bears witness to himself, his testimony is not true.
    JN 8:14 Jesus says that even if he bears witness to himself, his testimony is true.

    JN 5:38-47 Men have a choice as to whether or not to receive Jesus.
    JN 6:44 No one can come to Jesus unless he is drawn by the Father.

    JN 7:38 Jesus quotes a statement that he says appears in scripture (i.e., the OT).
    (No such statement is found in the OT.)

    JN 10:27-29 None of Jesus’ followers will be lost.
    1TI 4:1 Some of them will be lost.

    JN 12:31 The Devil is the ruler (or “prince”) of this world.
    1CO 10:26, RE 1:5 Jesus is the ruler of kings–the earth is his.

    JN 12:32 Jesus implies that all persons will be saved.
    1TI 2:3-4, 2PE 3:9 God wants all to be saved.
    JN 12:40, AC 2:21, 2:39, RO 9:27, 10:13 Some will not be saved.
    RE 14:1-4 Heaven will be inhabited by 144,000 virgin men (only?).

    JN 13:36 Peter asks Jesus where he is going.
    JN 14:5 Thomas does the same.
    JN 16:5 Jesus says that none of them have asked him where he is going.

    JN 17:12 Jesus has lost none of his disciples other than Judas.
    JN 18:9 Jesus has lost none, period.

    JN 17:12 Mentions a “son of perdition” as appearing in scripture (meaning the OT).
    (Note: There is no “son of perdition” mentioned in the OT.)

    JN 18:37 Jesus came into the world to bear witness to the truth.
    RO 1:18-20 The truth has always been evident.

    JN 20:9 Jesus quotes a statement that he says appears in scripture (meaning the OT). (No such statement is found in the OT.)

    JN 20:22 In his first resurrection appearance before the assembled disciples, Jesus gives them the Holy Spirit.
    AC 1:3-5, AC 2:1-4 The Holy Spirit was received much later (on Pentecost.)

    JN 21:25 The world probably could not contain the books if all that Jesus did were to be written.
    AC 1:1 The author of Acts has already written about all that Jesus began to do.

    AC 5:19, 12:6-11 The disciples take part in a jailbreak made possible by an angel.
    AC 5:40-42 The disciples disobey the Council and continue to teach and preach Jesus.
    RO 13:1-4, 1PE 2:13-15 Obey the laws of men (i.e., government). It is the will of God.

    AC 5:29 Obey God, not men.
    RO 13:1-4, 1PE 2:13-15 Obey the laws of men (i.e., government). It is the will of God.

    AC 9:7 Those present at Paul’s conversion heard the voice but saw no one.
    AC 22:9 They saw a light but did not hear a voice.

    AC 9:7 Those present at Paul’s conversion stood.
    AC 26:14 They fell to the ground.

    AC 9:19-28 Shortly after his conversion, Paul went to Damascus, then Jerusalem where he was introduced to the Apostles by Barnabas, and there spent some time with them (going in and out among them).
    GA 1:15-20 He made the trip three years later, then saw only Peter and James.

    AC 9:23 The governor attempted to seize Paul.
    2CO 11:32 It was the Jews who tried to seize Paul.

    AC 10:34, RO 2:11 God shows no partiality. He treats all alike.
    RO 9:11-13 God hated Esau and loved Jacob even before their birth.

    AC 10:34, RO 2:11 God shows no partiality. He treats all alike.
    RO 9:18 God has mercy on whoever he chooses, etc.

    AC 16:6 The Holy Spirit forbids preaching in Asia.
    AC 19:8-10 Paul preaches in Asia anyway.

    AC 20:35 Quotes Jesus as having said: “It is more blessed to give than to receive.” (No such statement of Jesus is found elsewhere in the Bible.)

    RO 2:12 All who have sinned without the law will perish without the law.
    RO 4:15 Where there is no law there is no transgression (sin).

    RO 2:13 Doers of the law will be justified.
    RO 3:20, GA 3:11 They will not be justified.

    RO 2:15 The law is written on the heart. Conscience teaches right from wrong.
    1JN 2:27 Anointing by Jesus teaches right from wrong.

    RO 4:9 Faith was reckoned to Abraham as righteousness.
    JA 2:21 Abraham was justified by works (which made his faith perfect).

    RO 10:11 (An alleged OT quote; no such statement in the OT.)

    RO 14:21 It is good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor anything that might cause your brother to stumble or be offended.
    CN 2:16 Let no one pass judgement on you in matters of food and drink.

    1CO 7:8-9 Widows should not marry (although it is better to marry than burn).
    1TI 5:14 Young widows should marry, bear children, rule the household, etc..

    1CO 8:4 There is only one God.
    2CO 4:4 Satan is God of this world (therefore there are at least two gods).

    1CO 10:33 Paul says that he tries to please men (so they might be saved).
    GA 1:10 Paul says he would not be a servant of Christ if he tried to please men.

    2CO 12:16 Paul says that he does use trickery.
    1TH 2:3 Paul says that he does not use trickery.

    GA 6:2 Bear one another’s burdens.
    GA 6:5 Bear your own burden.

    1TH 2:2 God gave Paul the courage to continue his work.
    1TH 2:17-18 Satan hindered Paul.
    (Note: Who is stronger, Satan or God?)

    1TI 1:15 Paul says that he is the foremost of sinners.
    1JN 3:8-10 He who commits sin is of the Devil. Children of God do not sin.

    1TI 6:20, 2TI 2:14-16, 3:1-7 Do not argue with an unbeliever.
    2JN 1:10-11 Anyone who even greets an unbeliever shares his wicked work.
    CN 4:5-6 Be wise in your behavior with outsiders. Let your talk be with grace, mixed with salt, so that you may be able to give an answer to everyone.
    1PE 3:15 Always be ready to answer any man concerning your faith.

    JA 4:5 (Quotes an alleged OT scripture verse not found in the OT.)

    RE 8:7 All of the grass on earth is burned up, and then …
    RE 9:4 An army of locusts, which is about to be turned loose on the earth, is instructed not to harm the grass.

    • Mint

      well you read the bible more than me… lmao

      i guess you do believe after all..

      well done mate good for you, cos there was a verse in their about reading gods word is tantamount to believing god. Well Done.