The Exodus And Christian Conversion

The Exodus And Christian Conversion June 22, 2018

How is the Exodus from Egypt like a Christian’s conversion? Are there similarities?

The Exodus

When God heard the cries of His people under their harsh bondage to the Egyptians, God told Moses that He was going to free His people. After a series of plagues, and Pharaoh’s persistent refusal to free the Israelites, God promised that every firstborn, both man and beast would die. Only the firstborn of those who would take a spotless lamb’s blood and apply it to their doorposts would live. We read of this account where it says, “The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt…that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household” (Ex 12:1, 3), but it was critical that “Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats” (Ex 12:6). Naturally, the reference to a lamb without spot or blemish foreshadows Jesus Christ by whom we were ransomed (1 Pet 1:18), so it was only “with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot” (1 Pet 1:19).

Egypt and Sin

It’s not that the Egyptians themselves represented sin, but some have seen the Israelites coming out of Egypt as symbolic for the Christian coming out of sin. Jesus said “everyone who practices sin is a slave to sin” (John 8:34). The Apostle Paul asked, “Do you not know that if you present yourselves to anyone as obedient slaves, you are slaves of the one whom you obey, either of sin, which leads to death, or of obedience, which leads to righteousness” (Rom 6:16), so whoever is held captive by sin is under the bondage of sin. The only way the Israelite’s firstborn could survive was to “take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it” (Ex 12:7), so essentially, that lamb’s blood on the door posts was a public profession of faith in God. It gave them the assurance that God would pass over that house, meaning they would avoid God’s judgment, so the Lord will pass over those with the blood publically displayed. God will not pass through but pass over them, but He will not pass over, but pass through those who reject the blood of Christ, and that lamb’s blood looked ahead to the substitutionary death of Christ on the cross. Whoever had the lamb’s blood would live, and God’s judgment would pass over them. Today, whoever trusts in Christ will cause God’s wrath to pass over them. “Whoever” applied the blood in Egypt would not die, and that is very much like an invitation to come to Christ and be saved, because “whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life” (John 3:16b).

Passing Over

The Passover comes from the simple idea of God passing over the Israelites (with the lambs blood), but not over those who refused to believe in the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. When the unleavened bread is to be eaten with bitter herbs, the unleavened bread may have served to remind them of their bitter enslavement in Egypt, and the New Testament is replete with references to sin being like leavening. It puffs up, it grows, and it expands. And leavening works the very quickest in lukewarm water (Rev 3:14-22). When the Passover Lamb is sacrificed, it is a total sacrifice, which is why God commanded that, “They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it” (Ex 12:8), and if “anything that remains until the morning you shall burn. In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the LORD’s Passover. For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD. The blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt” (Ex 12:11-13).

A Cleansing

In Exodus 12:21-22, “Moses called all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go and select lambs for yourselves according to your clans, and kill the Passover lamb. Take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and touch the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. None of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning.” Why was hyssop used? Hyssop is an herb in the mint family. It has cleansing, medicinal, and flavoring properties, but in ancient times, hyssop was used for ceremonial cleansing of people and houses. David mentions hyssop in Psalm 51:7, writing, “Cleanse me with hyssop, and I will be clean; wash me, and I will be whiter than snow.” David does not refer to physical cleansing, but rather, God cleansing him as he confessed his sins of adultery and murder. In the Old Testament, blood and hyssop purified a defiled person (Heb 9:19), so Jesus’ shed blood purifies us from the defilement of our sin, and perhaps why it’s no coincidence that the Apostle John writes that at the cross, “A jar full of sour wine stood there, so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth” (John 19:29). The ancient Israelites displayed the lamb’s blood on their doorposts; today, believers are to display their trust in Christ publically. Those who don’t receive Christ, and have the precious blood of the Lamb atone for their sins, will not have God’s wrath pass over them, but there is only a fearful expectation of falling into the hands of the living God (Heb 10:31) when judgment comes after death (Heb 9:27), or at Christ’s return; whichever comes first . Jesus Himself said, “I will warn you whom to fear: fear him who, after he has killed, has authority to cast into hell. Yes, I tell you, fear him” (Luke 12:5)!


There are many more similarities between the Exodus and the gospel. For example, the Passover Lamb could not have any bones broken (Ex 12:46), which was also prophesied of Christ (Psalm 34:20), and fulfilled in the first century by Christ (John 19:31-36). Then, there’s the symbolism of coming out of Egypt, which represents our coming out of sin and the world. The Exodus also reminds us that God alone can bring us out of the world (John 15:5), just as He did with the ancient Israelite’s who were powerless to escape from Egypt on their own. And finally, have you ever noticed that Pharaoh’s crown had a serpent on it? Since Egypt is symbolic of sin, surely Pharaoh represents Satan, and like the old serpent deceiver, he desires to keep us in bondage to sin, however, God has made a way (John 3:16-17; Acts 4:12). First of all, God demands a sacrifice, but it’s a sacrifice we can’t provide, so God provided a Lamb for Himself, just as “Abraham said, “God will provide for himself the lamb” (Gen 22:8a), and it was provided in Himself in the spotless Lamb of God, Jesus Christ, Who is God. From Genesis (Gen 3:15) to Revelation (22), it’s all about Jesus Christ. The late Dr. J. Vernon McGee (Through the Bible Ministries) said, “The Bible is a Him book…it’s all about Him,” and of course He’s right. You can see shadows and images in the Old Testament of Jesus’ coming atoning work on the cross. He is the spotless Lamb that makes even the vilest of sinners clean. It is just the Apostle Paul wrote in 2 Corinthians 5:21: “For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.”  That’s why none of us can boast (Eph 2:8-9).

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is a writer at Christian Quotes and also the Senior Writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage, and energize Christians and to address questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Teaching Children the Gospel available on Amazon.

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  • pud

    The power of pretend! More proof of your infantile willful delusion.

    There was NO Exodus! It never ever happened!

    Yet you choose to “believe” the most ABSURD and demonstrably FALSE nonsense imaginable!

    You can walk from Egypt to the “promised land” in 2 weeks following the coast not 40 years!

    Despite being regarded in Judaism as the primary factual historical narrative of the origin of the religion, culture and ethnicity, Exodus is now accepted by scholars as having been compiled in the 8th–7th centuries BCE from stories dating possibly as far back as the 13th century BCE, with further polishing in the 6th–5th centuries BCE, as a theological and political manifesto to unite the Israelites in the then‐current battle for territory against Egypt.[3]

    Archaeologists from the 19th century onward were actually surprised not to find any evidence whatsoever for the events of Exodus. By the 1970s, archaeologists had largely given up regarding the Bible as any use at all as a field guide.

    The archaeological evidence of local Canaanite, rather than Egyptian, origins of the kingdoms of Judah and Israel is “overwhelming,” and leaves “no room for an Exodus from Egypt or a 40‐year pilgrimage through the Sinai wilderness.”[4] The culture of the earliest Israelite settlements is Canaanite, their cult objects are of the Canaanite god El, the pottery is in the local Canaanite tradition, and the alphabet is early Canaanite. Almost the sole marker distinguishing Israelite villages from Canaanite sites is an absence of pig bones.

    It is considered possible that those Canaanites who started regarding themselves as the Israelites were joined or led by a small group of Semites from Egypt, possibly carrying stories that made it into Exodus. As the tribe expanded, they may have begun to clash with neighbors, perhaps sparking the tales of conflict in Joshua and Judges.

    William Dever, an archaeologist normally associated with the more conservative end of Syro-Palestinian archaeology, has labeled the question of the historicity of Exodus “dead.” Israeli archaeologist Ze’ev Herzog provides the current consensus view on the historicity of the Exodus;[5]

    “”The Israelites never were in Egypt. They never came from abroad. This whole chain is broken. It is not a historical one. It is a later legendary reconstruction — made in the seventh century [BCE] — of a history that never happened.
    Professor of Ancient History and Archaeology Eric H. ClineWikipedia’s W.svg also summarizes the scholarly consensus in his book Biblical Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (published by Oxford University Press and winner of the 2011 Biblical Archaeology Society’s “Best Popular Book on Archaeology”);[6]

    Despite attempts by a number of biblical archaeologists — and an even larger number of amateur enthusiasts — over the years, credible direct archaeological evidence for the Exodus has yet to be found.

    While it can be argued that such evidence would be difficult to find, since nomads generally do not leave behind permanent installations, archaeologists have discovered and excavated nomadic emplacements from other periods in the Sinai desert.

    So if there were archaeological remains to be found from the Exodus, one would have expected them to be found by now. And yet, thus far there is no trace of the biblical “600,000 men on foot, besides children” plus “a mixed crowd…and live stock in great numbers” (Exod. 12:37-38) who wandered for forty years in the desert.


  • pud

    No slavery, no mass murder of babies by your “god”, no bones, no millions of wanderers, no plagues…NO NOTHING!! All entirely MADE UP NONSENSE for the most stupid and gullible and willfully ignorant to swallow!

  • pud


    Moses Never Existed, Exodus Never Happened, Scholars Agree
    The main book of Judaism, called the Torah (the first 5 books of the Old Testament, “OT”) is filled with stories of persecution of a people called Israelites by an unnamed Egyptian Pharaoh who allegedly enslaved them and their leader Moses who led them out of Egypt in a mass Exodus to the “Promised Land” called Israel. The Judaists (who often refer to themselves as “Jews”) believe the Torah was divinely inspired, and read it in their synagogues and treat it with the utmost reverence as their most holy book. They observe practices such as kosher and keep holidays such as Sabbath and Pesach (Passover) prescribed in the Torah and consider Moses as their main prophet and take the Torah literally and as their ancestral history.

    However, upon reading the Torah objectively, it becomes clear that it is fiction, given the supernatural myths and fantastic fables, and the inconsistencies and contradictions therein. This is obvious from Book 1, Page 1. The Earth is not 6000 years old. Cultures (unknown to the scribes) flourished much before. Written records and archeological evidence using carbon dating show man’s presence tens of thousands of years ago, probably over a 100,000 years ago. A million people cannot live in a vast desert (without water or food) in a hostile nation for 40 years–and leave no trace.

    The Documentary Hypothesis showed that the Old Testament (of which there are many versions) was weaved together out of four source documents by 4 or more authors and produced much later than claimed.

    See “The Forgery of the Old Testament” by Joseph McCabe:

    Also see the book: “The Age of Reason”, by America’s founding father Thomas Paine, in which Paine labels the OT as “spurious.”

    The Torah is replete with supernatural fairly tales, self-serving grandiosities and contradictions. For example, there are 2 versions of the creation account in Genesis and they contradict each other in key details. Snakes and donkeys cannot talk. A stick cannot turn into a snake, nor a woman into a pillar of salt. Starving slaves lost in the Sinai desert for 40 years cannot build a golden calf to worship while crying for food and water.

    For a list of about 100 contradictions in the Old Testament, see:

    Furthermore, textual analysis, archeological and historical evidence (biblical criticism) have each proven Moses, Exodus, Abraham, Joshua, King David, Solomon etc. to be basically myths with parallels in Egyptian, Mesopotamian/Sumerian and other ancient near east (ANE) cultures.

    For eg., Prof. Ze’ev Herzog who teaches in the Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Studies at Tel Aviv University, in “Deconstructing the Walls of Jericho”, states as follows:

    “This is what archaeologists have learned from their excavations in the Land of Israel: the Israelites were never in Egypt, did not wander in the desert, did not conquer the land in a military campaign and did not pass it on to the 12 tribes of Israel. Perhaps even harder to swallow is the fact that the united monarchy of David and Solomon, which is described by the Bible as a regional power, was at most a small tribal kingdom. ….. Most of those who are engaged in scientific work in the interlocking spheres of the Bible, archaeology and the history of the Jewish people – and who once went into the field looking for proof to corroborate the Bible story – now agree that the historic events relating to the stages of the Jewish people’s emergence are radically different from what that story tells.” (in an article in the Jewish magazine Haaretz, as republished on):

    For further evidence, see:

    See “False Testament” in Harper’s Magazine:

    Also see the New York Times article of Tuesday, April 3, 2007, by Michael Slackman, entitled: “In Sinai desert, no trace of Moses” at:

    See “Moses and Other Historical Fabrications” at:

    See the new book: “Did Moses Exist? The Myth of the Israelite Lawgiver”.

    Ancient Egyptians, who kept one of the most detailed ancient historic details, make no mention of any Jews there or other historic events of any “Moses” or any “Jew” slaves escaping, though they make mention of one Egyptian slave who once escaped and was caught. The Moses myth was copied from the myth of Mises of Sargon.

    The fact is there was no Abraham, nor Moses, nor any King David. There was no enslavement in Egypt, and no Exodus. Most of the Old Testament stories and fables were borrowed from older Zoroastrian, Egyptian (i.e. African) and other pagan myths (such as Sargon & Mises myths, the Code of Hammurabi, etc.) prevalent around that time in the Near East and the scribes altered them and inserted their own tribal heroes and projected them back in time for ulterior purposes (such as for the Yahweh priests to gain more money and power by promoting their cult over the mainstream pagan (Baal) cults to divert followers and thereby donors towards themselves and/or fabricate a fake history to unite their tribe).

    Noah’s flood story was copied from the Epic of Gilgamesh.


    See the book “Bible Myths and Their Parallels in Other Religions” by Doane.

    See: “101 Myths of the Bible: How Ancient Scribes Invented Biblical History” by Gary Greenberg (Author).

    Moses could not have parted the Red Sea, not only because it violates the laws of physics, and there was no Moses, but because there was no Red Sea to cross, since Egypt and the Sinai Peninsula shared a common land border in the north-east (at least prior to the construction of the Suez canal, which was done in modern times), and from where the Patriarchs entered Egypt initially without any mention in the Torah of their having to cross any Red Sea. Furthermore, Sinai was a part of Egypt then (like it is now), so there was no exodus—just a movement from one part of Egypt to another!

    Since Moses never existed, and the Exodus never happened, and the Torah is basically myth, fable and fiction, Judaism and the notions of “Jew” and “covenant” and their mythical claim to a “promised land” all collapse like a house of cards.

  • kyuss

    What a shitty article. There’s no evidence whatsoever that the “exodus” happened. Pathetic.

    • pud

      It doesn’t matter to jack and his kind…The delusional cult belief is all that matters. No amount of reason, evidence, logic, critical thinking etc will change their minds. They are infected with the “god virus” and are almost entirely incurable. They want to “believe” what they want to “believe” like infant children and will cling to their superstitions in spite of all evidence to the contrary.

  • Carlos Santiago

    J Vernon was one of my favorites because he taught a realistic, non whitewashed version of our faith. Not one person is useless to God. God can and will use anyone. Scripture records that Moses was not perfect. In the case of Moses God used someone with a speech impediment and who had murdered a person in cold blood, to lead a group of whining rebellious and sometimes self centered people. It’s interesting to me that when trials occurred during their Exodus, the Israelites used Moses as a verbal punching/whining bag. Then they said they wished they could be back under bondage, because it was outside their comfort zone. Fear does that to people. I have found so many that lash out do so out of fear, or personal baggage, some of which may have been inflicted from others.

    • Jack Wellman

      Well said my friend. The late Dr. J. McGee is rock-solid in his teachings, & I have learned so much from this man over the years. If God can use Balaam’s donkey, He can use anyone!

      • pud

        You haven’t “learned” anything. You couldn’t care less about learning, reality or what is actually true. You only care about preserving your infantile disgusting narrative and the whitewashed selective reading of your absurd Bronze Age book.

  • Guestie

    “today, believers are to display their trust in Christ publically.”

    Who made up that rule? And why? How could it possibly matter to God whether one displays his trust publically or not? I think an omniscient god would know.