How The Exodus Typifies Salvation

How The Exodus Typifies Salvation December 7, 2018

The Exodus of Israel from Egypt is a great example of salvation.

The Bondage of Sin

The Apostle Paul wrote that “the creation waits with eager longing for the revealing of the sons of God. For the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God” (Rom 8:20-21), but before believers were saved, they too were held in bondage….the bondage of sin, and a bondage as secure at Israel’s enslavement in Egypt. They could not set themselves free, and neither can we. They needed the help of an outside hand. Paul told the church at Galatia that “when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not gods” (Gal 4:8), and to those things that “are not gods” include lust, envy, money, pride, possessions, power, and so on, so “In the same way we also, when we were children, were enslaved to the elementary principles of the world” (Gal 4:3). Sin puts us in bondage, “For whatever overcomes a person, to that he is enslaved” (2 Pet 2:19b). The believer should understand “that our old self was crucified with him in order that the body of sin might be brought to nothing, so that we would no longer be enslaved to sin” (Rom 6:6), but until that happens, we are as much in bondage to sin as Israel was to Pharaoh.

Departure of the Israelites by David Roberts, 1829.

Separation from God

Our sins not only hold us in bondage, but the Bible says that “your iniquities have made a separation between you and your God, and your sins have hidden his face from you so that he does not hear” (Isaiah 59:2). To the sinner He says, “When you spread out your hands, I will hide my eyes from you; even though you make many prayers, I will not listen; your hands are full of blood” (Isaiah 1:15). Since we know that “all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” (Rom 3:23), that same “all” remains separated from God. Israel could not worship God until they were released from their bondage and set free, but they could not affect their own separation from sin any more than the sinner can separate himself or herself from sin. It takes the supernatural work of God (2 Cor 5:17, 21).

The Roaring Lion

Pharaoh is very much like Satan. He does not want us to be set free, so after Pharaoh released the Israelite slaves, he changed his mind and began pursing them again. Lot’s wife learned that you can leave your sinful life behind, but to look back with apparent regret shows Lot’s wife never repented. She still desired to go back to her former life. So too did many of the Israelites. They grumbled and complained at every turn, but they didn’t complain when Pharaoh and his Egyptian army came after them. They cried out to God. In similar fashion, Satan and his minions want us to return to the pigsty…the one the prodigal son left behind, so we are told to “Be sober-minded; be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour” (1 Pet 5:8). He wants you to be like Lot’s wife…after knowing the way to salvation, he desires you to take your hand off the plow (Luke 9:62), but such as these are not worthy to be Jesus’ disciples.

God’s Calling

The history of redemption is a history of God’s calling. God called Noah, Abraham, Moses, and later the entire nation of Israel. It was God Who made the first move. It was God Who granted us the ability to repent (Acts 5:31, 11:18; 2 Tim 2:24-26). It was God Who called Saul and changed Him into Paul. Jesus said “No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day” (John 6:44), and “no one can” is universal, just as universal as the fact that we all sin and fall infinitely short of God’s glory (Rom 3:10-12, 23). The Bible teaches that “no one can come to me unless it is granted him by the Father” (John 6:65). Israel could not come to God, so God had to come to Israel to save her. The very same thing applies to us. We should rejoice because “it has been given to know the secrets of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it has not been given” (Matt 13:11).  Israel didn’t figure out that there is a God, but God sought them and brought them out of Egypt.  Neither can we “figure it out.”

The Payment for Sin

Before the Exodus could occur, the nation Israel had one thing that they had to do, and that was to apply the lamb’s blood to the doorposts. This would ensure that the firstborn in that house would not die. Today, we are only saved “with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot” (1 Pet 1:19) because “without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins” (Heb 9:22). By trusting in Jesus and His atonement, the payment God demands for our sins is covered by Christ, and we receive the righteousness of Christ that we need to stand before God (2 Cor 5:21).


God alone has saved us. It was by His hand alone, just as in the case of Israel’s Exodus. We cannot boast or brag about freeing ourselves from sin or saving ourselves because it is “by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast” (Eph 2:8-9). If you have repented and put your trust in Christ, you’ve had your own personal exodus…an exodus from the bondage of sin, an exodus from the separation from God, an exodus from the roaring lion Satan, an exodus from the desire of the things of the world, and an exodus from the wrath of God (John 3:36), however it was from a strong hand that you were delivered. Israel could not deliver themselves any more than we could set ourselves free from sin and avoid God’s wrath by our own hand. God alone saved you (Acts 4:12). It was His divine, sovereign act of love that He had Jesus become sin for us so that we might become the righteousness of God (2 Cor 5:21), so for us, we must all “strive for peace with everyone, and for the holiness without which no one will see the Lord” (Heb 12:14).

Article by Jack Wellman

Jack Wellman is Pastor of the Mulvane Brethren Church in Mulvane Kansas. Jack is a writer at Christian Quotes and also the Senior Writer at What Christians Want To Know whose mission is to equip, encourage, and energize Christians and to address questions about the believer’s daily walk with God and the Bible. You can follow Jack on Google Plus or check out his book Teaching Children the Gospel available on Amazon.

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  • pud

    LOL…You get more and more ridiculous with every absurd make believe FALSE essay.


    “Mainstream history and archaeology now consider the Exodus never to have happened, and the story to be an entirely fictional narrative put together between the 8th and 5th centuries BCE.[1] Christian and Jewish literalists do not accept this.”

    Of course lunatic “literalists” don’t accept it! They don’t and won’t accept ANYTHING that upsets their storybook, fantasy, cult narrative!

    Once again jack lies to people and willfully ignores ALL the evidence that PROVES yet another of his BOOKS stories is false, improbable, impossible! There is NOTHING in this ridiculous fable that is even remotely possible yet simple minded indoctrinated losers who make their living peddling this bullshit to the simple minded fearful masses couldn’t care less

    Shame on you jack….

    Here is DETAILED proof of just how STUPID this is and how GULLIBLE you have to be to swallow it…step by step for you simple minded, deluded lunatics…READ IT COWARD!

    A comment on the analysis PROVING how stupid you all are! ….”According to Google Maps, you can walk from Cairo to “Canaan” or the promised land, in 7 days. The bible is a fairy tale for adults. Anyone who tells little children about this crap, especially about original sin, is committing child abuse.”

    The rest of this abomination of an essay is just infantile gibberish not even worthy of comment

  • pud

    Here…I’ll make it easy for you bumpkins because I know you’re way too cowardly to even click on a link exposing your ridiculous cult fables…

    Every history book and every time-line mentions the Exodus. The Exodus and Moses are mentioned in the Gospels by Jesus, the Quran, the Book of Mormon, and by Baha’u’llah. People just assume it is a fact. That assumption is based solely on the story told in the Torah, but what if it is wrong? How would we know? The first step would be to research references outside the Torah. Unfortunately for those who believe the biblical account, there are no outside references even though many Christian, Jewish, Moslem and atheist archaeologists have been digging up the whole Middle East for a century looking for it.

    The archaeologists have not found much. They cannot even agree on a date (everything from 1550 to 1200 BCE). This makes one inclined to conclude that the Exodus did not really happen. You cannot prove a negative, but the lack of evidence speaks volumes to those who understand.

    Four Hundred Years of Slavery

    The Torah states very precisely that there were 603,550 male Hebrews in the Exodus (see Numbers 1 & 2), which means we must guess as to how many men, women and children there were (anywhere from 2-6 million). If we just take the lowest number, then the two million Hebrew slaves were a large minority in Ancient Egypt (25-75% of the total population). No evidence of this huge enslaved minority has ever been found. Apparently, no one had ever owned one, no one had ever bought one, and no one had ever sold one. There are no records of any transactions which include them. No one even bragged about how many they owned on their tomb paintings. And most important of all, no Hebrew slaves were ever buried in Egypt. No matter if the bondage was 430 years, 215 years or just four generations, there is no evidence of the Hebrews in Egypt.

    The Tenth Plague

    There have been many who have tried to explain the Ten Plagues by using natural phenomena, but the 10th Plague is something else. Exodus 11:4-6 is quite clear about the horror which fell on Egypt. Every first born creature (human and animal) in all of Egypt died in one night of terror. Imagine if that happened today. Do you think the news media might mention it? There is no mention of it in Egyptian archaeology. Also, the first born is very important in Egyptian culture, as they are the ones who must perform the burial ritual so the parents’ souls will enter paradise.

    So many, gone so fast would have devastated the whole nation. Yet, no one mentioned it in any writing from official state carvings to personal tombs and journals. Throughout Egypt there is nothing. There are also no mass burials for the tens of thousands of victims.

    The Sinai Desert

    The Sinai desert is very dry. There is very little weathering. There are very few visitors. A horde of two million people with domestic animals and all kinds of belongings would have left some trace in the deserts of Sinai (especially around Mt. Sinai where they were encamped for some time while Moses went up to get the Ten Commandments). It should be easy to find. Yet, there is no evidence of any latrines, no evidence of any kitchens, no evidence of any trash, and no evidence of any dead people buried (even though the entire Exodus generation had to die in the desert before they could reach the Promised Land due to the Golden Calf incident). No trace of this large city (twice the size of Rome at its height) moving through the entire Sinai Peninsula for 40 years. No trace of a small city either. No trace of any group large enough.

    The Egyptian Occupation of Canaan

    There is no mention of the Egyptian occupation of Canaan anywhere in the Bible. The ancient Egyptians had occupied the lands of Canaan and Syria for most of the second millennium BCE. Check any date for the Exodus in any book and you will see that the Hebrews had escaped from Egypt only to settle in Egypt. The Peace Treaty with Mitanni and the El Amarna tablets show that all Canaan was ruled by Egypt from Amenhotep II to Akhenaten. Ramses the Great and his son Merneptah fought campaigns there. The last pharaoh to fight a major campaign in Canaan was Ramses III who died around 1150 BCE. If the Hebrews were in Canaan at this time, then they would have had to deal with Egypt (their old oppressor). Yet, there is no mention of it in Egypt, and no mention of it in the Bible. Also, the Hebrews entered Canaan in a genocidal rage, but no word of this slaughter ever got back to Egypt (the land’s protector). It would seem that the writers of the Bible had no knowledge of the Egyptian occupation of Canaan.

    The Merneptah Stele

    The Merneptah Stele is a stone carving which proudly proclaims the great victories of the Pharaoh Merneptah during a campaign in Canaan. Along with many other victories over kings and cities, the Stele mentions the total annihilation of a tribe called the Israelites. It has been dated to around 1207 BCE. It is the oldest mentioning of the Israelites in archaeology. The problem with the Stele is that the Israelites are mentioned as a “people” (or tribe), and not a nation or city-state. The victory over the Israelites is more of a footnote among the other glory and plunder. It would appear that the Israelites were just a tribe of desert bandits who were plaguing the Egyptian trade routes. No matter who really won the battle, it is strange that the Egyptians write about this battle but it does not appear in the Bible.


    The Hebrew language is one of the most studied languages due to its original usage in the Torah. The oldest known evidence of true Hebrew comes from around 800 BCE (which is well after the Exodus, Joshua, Judges, Saul, David and Solomon). Paleo-Hebrew dates to around 1000 BCE (the Gezer Calendar from around the time of David). Tradition says the Torah was written by Moses himself (c. 1400 BCE). Unfortunately, the language is not old enough. It would be very difficult to write a book in a language which has not been invented yet. The Israelites were probably still illiterate when Merneptah’s soldiers attacked (around 1207 BCE).


    There is no Moses character in Egyptian archaeology. It is possible that he may have been erased from history. There have been many pharaohs who have tried to erase the past. Tutmosis III tried to erase his mother, Hatshepsut (who had usurped his throne). When she died, he claimed all her accomplishments as his own. Akhenaten and his followers tried to erase the god Amun (even from Akhenaten’s own father’s name, Amenhotep III). Later, Horemheb tried to erase the heretical Akhenaten and his successors, including Tutankhamen, while also claiming their accomplishments as his own. We know these things because it is very difficult to erase history from a stone face without leaving any evidence. There is no evidence of any Exodus related hackings.

    The Walls of Jericho

    There is no evidence of Jericho being inhabited (no ceramics, no building, etc.) during the last half of the second millennium BCE. In the Book of Joshua, Jericho was the first city the Hebrews conquered in Canaan. They collapsed the walls with a great trumpet blast, but the blast would have fallen on deaf ears as Jericho was destroyed by the chariot warriors who swept through the area around 1700 BCE. They also did not stay, as Jericho does not become inhabited again until around 900 BCE (well after the time of David & Solomon).


    Do not trust me. Do not trust what is written here. Look it up for yourself. No one is trying to hide this from you. Look up Hebrew slaves in Egypt, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Israelites in Canaan. You will come to the same conclusion – the Exodus did not happen.

    • Excellent analysis, Pud! Even though these stories probably never happened, some of them are highly immoral. e.g. The killing of the first born in Egypt by that barbaric and bloodthirsty god called Yahweh, the slaughter of little children and babies during the alleged conquest of Canaan.

      Much of the OT was written by ignorant, barbaric and very violent savages who created god in their own likeness.

      • pud

        Exactly! It’s amazing that these lunatics can read these words and yet praise and glorify their make believe deity with all their might. Simply incredible. It’s like the SS worshiping Hitler…they knew what was going on but chose to glorify a mass murderer and pledge their total loyalty to a genocidal madman. The level of cognitive dissonance among the religious is simply off the charts!

  • Your whole an analysis of the Exodus is based on a historical grammatical interpretation of the bible and on the view that the bible is the inspired and inerrant Word of God in the, now missing, original manuscripts and on your use of typology.

    Many Liberation theologians utilising Marxist social analysis and the text of the Exodus saw this text as a national liberation struggle of the oppressed Israeli slaves in Egypt with God being on the side of the oppressed Israelis.

    My problem with this analysis and with yours is that God is said to have wiped out all the firstborn in Egypt who did not have the blood of a sacrificial lamb applied in the way commanded by Yahweh. Why God had to murder little children and babies, if they were first born ones, seems so destructive and unjust. What had little children done to deserve such treatment? Couldn’t Yahweh have wiped out those adults who justly deserved to be wiped out, if any (It was the Pharaoh of the alleged time of the Exodus {which is open to dispute: both the event and the timing of the event} that let the Israelis go, then changed his mind) ?

  • Melissa Lopez

    Thankful when anyone attempts to draw a line clearly from the Old Testament to Jesus. I appreciate what you did here with Exodus.

    • Jack Wellman

      Thank you for youir encouragement.