Season 1, Episode 1 — ‘I Have Called You by Name’
Synopsis. Mary Magdalene is living in Capernaum and haunted by demons, both literal and figurative. When a man flees her home and calls her possessed, the Romans ask Nicodemus, a rabbi visiting from Jerusalem, to perform an exorcism on her — but it fails. Meanwhile, Simon and Andrew are worried that they will lose their fishing boat because they cannot pay their taxes — so Simon stalls for time by lying and telling the tax collector Matthew that he is secretly working for the Roman praetor. Mary Magdalene considers throwing herself off a cliff, but holds back and goes to a pub, where she is about to have a drink when Jesus shows up and reveals that he knows who she is.
Gospels. There is very little in this episode that can be tied directly to the gospels, as the series, at this point, is primarily concerned with establishing backgrounds for its main characters before it gets to the stories about them that we know from the Bible.
That being said, the main arc of this episode follows Mary Magdalene — her affliction by demons, and her eventual exorcism by Jesus. These things are mentioned in Luke 8:2, which is the only biblical reference to her outside of the passion narratives.
The episode also suggests that Mary was a prostitute, which is an old tradition in the Western churches but not supported by anything in the gospels. However, to the extent that she might be a prostitute within this series, it is portrayed as a consequence of her victimization by demons and humans alike (it is suggested that she was raped by a Roman soldier once). This stands in stark contrast to other films that have portrayed her prostitution as a form of self-assertive defiance against the moral or patriarchal norms of her time (see, e.g., Coyle & Pichel’s Day of Triumph, Roger Young’s Jesus, etc.).
The episode also suggests that Mary has been suffering from her affliction her whole life; in the prologue, when she is a little girl, it is said that her head hurts sometimes.
The final scene, between Mary and Jesus, foreshadows the way Jesus will appear to Mary — and greet her by name — outside the empty tomb in John 20:18. By putting Mary’s exorcism at the beginning of the series — and by depicting it the way that they do — the producers have allowed for the possibility that the series will come full circle and end on a note that harks back to the beginning, as Jesus greets Mary the way he did before.
This episode introduces several other characters who appear in the gospels, though the series has not yet dramatized any of the stories about them from the gospels.
- Simon, the fisherman who will one day be known as Peter, who figures prominently not just in the gospels but in Acts and the epistles as well;
- Simon’s brother Andrew, who appears in all four gospels as well as the list of apostles in Acts 1:13;
- Matthew the tax collector, who appears in the three Synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) as well as the list of apostles in Acts 1:13; and
- Nicodemus the Pharisee, who is mentioned only in John’s gospel.
The episode also introduces Simon’s wife, whose existence is implied by the reference to Simon’s mother-in-law in Mark 1:30-31, Matthew 8:14-15 and Luke 4:38-39. It is also explicitly stated in I Corinthians 9:5 that Simon took his wife with him on his missionary journeys. The Bible does not give her a name, but she is called Eden in the series.
Simon also refers to Andrew’s “bug-eating friend”, which would be John the Baptist, who ate locusts and wild honey (Mark 1:6, Matthew 3:4). Andrew was a follower of John’s before he followed Jesus, and he will eventually meet Jesus through John (John 1:35-42).
The episode has bits of dialogue that allude to other passages within the New Testament.
For example, Nicodemus tells the people who have gathered to hear him that “what goes into the body of a man defiles him.” Jesus teaches the opposite in Mark 7:14-23 and Matthew 15:10-20, and says it is what comes out of a man that defiles him.
Later, Nicodemus uses his imperfect reflection in a mirror to tell his wife their knowledge of God is incomplete; this echoes Paul’s line of thought in I Corinthians 13:12.
Meanwhile, in another scene, a centurion steps inside a synagogue and says it looks like the Romans aren’t the only ones who are taxing the people. This may be a reference to the temple tax in Matthew 17:24-27, though it is not clear to me that any of the money that went to the Jerusalem temple would have gone to the synagogues in Galilee.
Old Testament. The episode begins and ends with Isaiah 43:1 (“Thus says the Lord who created you, O Jacob, and he who formed you, O Israel: Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by name; you are mine”). It is the passage that Mary Magdalene recites with her father when she is a girl, and it is the passage that Jesus recites when he calls to her by her birth name (and not by the name she is known by in the Red Quarter).
Nicodemus says he needs sulfur, nettles, hyssop and wormwood for the exorcism ritual. This does not seem to conform to anything we see in the Old Testament, nor does it match the ancient or modern Jewish rituals described in this Wikipedia article.
During the ritual, Nicodemus calls on “the Watchers and the holy ones” — synonyms for angels, used three times in Daniel 4 — and he mentions the angels Michael, Gabriel, Rafael, Uriel and Reziel by name. Michael and Gabriel are mentioned in the book of Daniel and the New Testament; Rafael is mentioned in the book of Tobit; and Uriel and Reziel come from the apocryphal, pseudepigraphal, or mystical traditions.
Nicodemus also calls the demons “spawn of Beelzebub, Abbadon and Sheol”. Beelzebub or its variant Beelzebul were names for Satan used by the Jews of Jesus’ day (cf. Luke 11:14-20), and they come from the name of a Philistine god in II Kings 1. Abaddon (which means “destruction”) and Sheol are names for the realm of the dead in the Hebrew Bible; Revelation 9:11 says Abaddon is also the name of “the angel of the Abyss”.
Throughout the episode, Mary Magdalene is known to her neighbours as “Lilith”, which is the name of a quasi-demonic figure in the Jewish tradition who is thought to have been Adam’s first wife, before Eve. The idea that Adam had a wife before Eve grew out of speculation that the wife who was created with Adam in Genesis 1:27 was not the same person as Eve, who was created at some point after Adam as per Genesis 2:20-25.
The Hebrew word “lilith” appears in the Bible just once, in Isaiah 34:14.
Themes. One of the running themes throughout this episode is Jewish adherence to the Law, particularly where the Sabbath is concerned. Nicodemus is a teacher of the Law and complains about people going fishing on the Sabbath; Simon comes up with a scheme to expose rival fisherman who are fishing on the Sabbath; and Andrew cautions Simon against fishing on the Sabbath himself, which Simon says would be permissible under the Pharisaic principle that exceptions can be made when lives are at stake.
The episode also underscores the Jewish hope for the messiah. A beggar asks Matthew if he is the messiah (does the beggar ask everyone this?) and then asks him to tell him when the messiah comes, and Hebrew graffiti says the messiah will destroy the Romans.
The episode also draws attention to the fact that Simon and other characters would have been married at the time, even if the gospels don’t always mention this.
As noted above, the Bible actually mentions that Simon (aka Peter) had a wife, and it is strongly implied that at least some of the other disciples had wives, too. Jesus tells his disciples that they will be rewarded for leaving their wives, siblings, children and parents in order to follow him (Matthew 19:27-29, Luke 18:28-30), and Paul says Peter and “the other apostles” took their wives with them on their journeys (I Corinthians 9:5).
Most films, however, have ignored the fact that some of the disciples were married.
The existence of Peter’s wife has been acknowledged in a few films, but even then, she is rarely shown onscreen. Peter and Paul has one scene between Peter and his wife, but that film is set during the time of Acts, after Jesus’ ministry. And in The Big Fisherman and A.D. The Bible Continues, Peter’s wife is dead before the story even begins.
So the fact that The Chosen features Simon’s wife as a fairly major character from its very first episode is more than a little groundbreaking. The series even extends the family dynamic, by giving Eden brothers (and, thus, by giving Peter brothers-in-law)!
The episode also gives Nicodemus a wife, who seems to exist mainly to give him someone to express his ideas to when he isn’t with his fellow Pharisees. But whatever the reason for her inclusion might be, it is another sign of how fleshed-out this world is.
–Historical quibbles. Simon gives himself the nickname “Wine Hands” after punching his brother-in-law near the liver. The idea is that Simon can damage a person’s liver the same way drinking too much wine can damage a person’s liver. However, the connection between excessive drinking and damage to the liver was not made until centuries after this story takes place, and director Dallas Jenkins admits in the roundtable discussion of this episode (embedded below) that this is an anachronism within the episode.
Nicodemus tells a joke riffing on the name of the Dead Sea. But was it called the Dead Sea in Bible times? The Hebrew Bible calls it the Salt Sea (Genesis 14:3, Numbers 34:3, Deuteronomy 3:17, etc.), the Desert Sea or the Sea of Arabah (Deuteronomy 4:49, II Kings 14:25), and the Eastern Sea (Ezekiel 47:18, Joel 2:20, Zechariah 14:8). It was known to the Greeks as Lake Asphaltites because of the asphalt there. Apparently one of its Arabic names can be translated “the Dead Sea”, but I don’t know how far back that goes.
The episode is set in Capernaum, and an introductory subtitle calls Capernaum a “city”. It would probably be more accurate to call Capernaum a “town” or “village”; the original Hebrew name of the place, Kfar Naḥūm, literally means “Nahum’s village”.
Nicodemus and his wife are first seen riding in a carriage that is pulled not by animals but by servants. Was this a thing in first-century Jewish culture, especially for non-royals?
Timeline. It’s not entirely clear when this episode is set.
The version that was posted to YouTube in June 2019 says the prologue takes place in AD 2, but the version that is currently streaming on the VidAngel website and the version that was livestreamed in March 2020 both say the prologue takes place in 2 BC.
All three versions agree that the rest of the episode takes place “28 years later”, so the bulk of the episode takes place in AD 30 or in AD 27, depending on which version you are watching. (The two YouTube versions are embedded at the bottom of this post.)
No one knows exactly when the ministry of Jesus took place.
Luke 3:1 says the ministry of John the Baptist began “in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea,” which would be no earlier than AD 26 — and Jesus began his own ministry sometime after that.
Luke 3:23 also states that Jesus was “about thirty years old” when he began his ministry — so if Jesus was born during the reign of Herod the Great (as per Matthew 2:1-20 and Luke 1:5), and Herod died in 4 BC, Jesus would have been 30 by AD 27 at the latest.
The two figures most responsible for Jesus’ death — Pilate and the chief priest Caiaphas, who became high priest in AD 18 — were both removed from office in AD 36. So that is the absolute latest date when the events of the gospels could have taken place.
So both AD 27 and AD 30 fall within the range of plausible dates for this episode.
In the prologue, Mary Magdalene’s father says a “new star” has appeared in the heavens. Is this a reference to the star of Bethlehem mentioned in Matthew 2:1-10?
Those who think the star was a natural phenomenon and not a supernatural one have proposed a number of planetary conjunctions and the like that could have been the basis for what the Magi saw, at least one of which did occur in 2 BC. But that would be two years after the generally accepted date of Herod’s death.
So Mary’s father could be referring to the conjunction that took place in 2 BC, but even if he was, he wouldn’t necessarily be referring to the star of Bethlehem.
Language issues. A disclaimer at the beginning of the episode says all names, locations and phrases have been “transliterated into English”. So, the film uses names like Jesus instead of Yeshua, Mary instead of Miriam, Simon instead of Shimon, etc.
However, the Jewish characters frequently say “Shabbat” rather than “Sabbath”.
The dialogue has a very casual, modern, colloquial feel.
A bartender serves a drink that he says is “fresh off the boat from Cyprus.” (Capernaum is not on the Mediterranean coast, so the drink would have spent some time traveling by land before it got to him.) He also says “religious bigshots” are “full of it”.
When Simon greets his wife by saying, “Hello, love,” she replies, “Don’t you ‘Hello, love’ me.” And when Simon, trying to explain one of his schemes to Andrew, says he met a guy, Andrew says sarcastically, “Get the papyrus! Simon ‘met a guy’!”
The man who gives Matthew a ride calls him a “public anus,” which is a play on the Latin word “publicanus” meaning “tax collector”. “Public” and “anus” are derived from Latin, too, so some version of this pun might work in Latin for all I know, though I don’t know if any Aramaic-speaking Jews of the period would have come up with a joke like that.
Miscellaneous. In the scene where Nicodemus tries to exorcise Mary Magdalene, she — or the demon speaking through her — says, “You have no power here, teacher.” This is almost exactly what Saruman says to Gandalf through Theoden, just before Gandalf casts Saruman out of Theodon in The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers.
Just before Matthew meets his driver — the one who calls him a “public anus” — he steps in poop, which is not exactly a common Bible-movie trope. On a related note, see this post I wrote a few years ago on the use of rude bodily noises in Bible movies.
You can also watch the entire first episode here:
Or you can watch a clip of the failed-exorcism scene on its own:
This episode was also livestreamed on March 29, with an intro by director Dallas Jenkins and an interview with Elizabeth Tabish, who plays Mary Magdalene:
Jenkins analyzed the episode’s final scene in this video:
And you can watch a roundtable discussion of the episode here: