Don’t Just Change Refugee Policy—Change the People in the Pews

Don’t Just Change Refugee Policy—Change the People in the Pews July 26, 2018

Happy to share the first official post by our newest contributor, Melissa Borja! 

Yesterday in New York City, the New Sanctuary Coalition, a faith-based immigrant rights organization, held a press conference with New York state senator Brian Benjamin and state assemblyman Harvey Epstein to introduce theSeparated Children Accountability Response (SCAR) Act.” New Sanctuary, government officials, and local religious leaders worked together to draft this bill in response to the revelation that, as of late June, New York City was host to approximately 300 migrant children who were forcibly separated from their families as a result of the Trump administration’s “zero tolerance” immigration policy. Because there has been little public information about these children and the process by which they will be reunited with their parents, the SCAR Act aims to use the regulatory power of state government to establish a “reporting system” that would give the public more details about the migrant children held in facilities that have federal contracts, such as Cayuga Center in Harlem.

The press conference introducing this bill was not held in Albany or at City Hall, but at Judson Memorial Church, in the presence of clergy from throughout New York City.

Press conference by New Sanctuary Coalition
New Sanctuary Coalition press conference on July 25, 2018 at Judson Memorial Church – Photo by Linda Rousseau (used by permission)

The decision to introduce this bill to the public in a religious space and among religious people was not an accident. New Sanctuary, an organization for which I am a volunteer, has deep roots in faith-based organizing. It frames immigration issues in terms of religious values, and it draws on the support of local religious leaders and congregations when pushing for policy change. Throughout its history, New Sanctuary has pursued a distinctive immigration advocacy strategy that focuses on direct engagement with government at the same time that it remains centered on religious commitments and communities. Sen. Benjamin himself, in his explanation of the SCAR Act, highlighted the religious values that animate his work on the bill. Calling the family separation crisis “a scar on our nation” that is “not moral,” he said that his commitment to drafting the legislation drew in part from a lesson he learned at his own church in Harlem—the call “to love beyond the limits of our prejudices.” 

New Sanctuary as a “Multi-Target Social Movement”

Importantly, New Sanctuary leaders at the press conference did not simply discuss the SCAR Act and the need to win the support of government officials in Albany—they also talked about the need to win the support of faith communities. To this end, New Sanctuary leaders unveiled plans for a “weekend of faith” that would use liturgy and congregation-based activities to call attention to the bill and to educate people of faith about current immigration issues, particularly the border policies that have separated parents from their children. Scheduled to take place during the Feast of the Transfiguration, the event aims to transform people’s hearts and minds. As New Sanctuary organizer Jonathan Soto put it, faith leaders need to “lift up the moral argument” for the SCAR Act and for other reforms to the nation’s immigration system, and, citing Ecclesiastes, he declared that “Every human being is sacred–legislation should reflect that.”

The effort to transform both government and faith communities is a distinctive feature of New Sanctuary. In her book about progressive religion and immigration justice, One Family Under God, sociologist Grace Yukich describes New Sanctuary as a “multi-target social movement”:

During the first two years, the New Sanctuary Movement was not solely focused on changing immigration policy or even on keeping immigrant families together through halting raids, detentions, and deportations. The aims of New Sanctuary also included religious change, in particular the transformation of individual faith communities and of American religious culture. In other words, New Sanctuary did not merely have religious goals: it targeted religious institutions and religious culture as sites for change. (p. 53)

Yukich’s observations, while focused on the first two years of New Sanctuary, aptly describe New Sanctuary’s approach to immigration justice work today. More broadly, this multi-target approach is characteristic of the long tradition of faith-based activism on immigration and refugee issues in the U.S.

Converting Fellow Christians in Faith-Based Refugee Advocacy

A look to the past suggests that targeting both government and religious communities as “sites for change” can be very effective. For example, this strategy has been useful in building support for refugee resettlement, which has always been unpopular throughout U.S. history. Public opinion polls throughout the twentieth century illustrate the deep American opposition to refugees. In January 1939, 30 per cent said that the U.S. should resettle Jewish refugees; 61 per cent said it should not. In May 1975, 36 per cent of Americans said that the U.S. should resettle Vietnamese refugees; 54 per cent said it should not. Finally, in October 2016, 41 per cent of registered American voters said that the U.S. should accept Syrian refugees; 54 per cent said it should not. In all cases, a majority of Americans said that the U.S. should not accept refugees; only about one-third said it should.

DP camp in 1946
Displaced persons at camp in Schauenstein, Germany in 1946 – Public domain/Wikimedia

If the American public has been consistent in its rejection of refugees, religious leaders have been consistent in their embrace of them. From World War II until the present day, religious leaders across the theological and political spectrum have advocated passionately for more just and generous refugee policies. The importance of multi-faith refugee advocacy was on clear display, for example, in 1979, as the world was struggling to respond to the refugee crisis in Southeast Asia. When President Jimmy Carter announced his plans to appropriate more funds to aid refugees in Thailand, he was flanked by religious leaders—a priest, a rabbi, a minister, and a representative of Church Women United—who had visited the White House to urge him to take action.

But religious leaders have not only strived to transform the hearts and minds of government leaders; they have also strived mightily to transform the hearts and minds of their own faith communities. The national offices of different Christian denominations have produced films, slide shows, radio spots, newspaper ads, flyers, and pamphlets to raise awareness of refugee issues. Churches dedicated special Sundays to refugee-focused activities, such as listening to a presentation by a refugee sponsorship coordinator, hearing lectures about refugees’ cultural traditions, showing filmstrips about the conditions in refugee camps, and collecting money to support aid organizations serving refugees at home or overseas.

In these efforts, religious leaders have strived to educate the public about the plight of forced migrants, but the outreach is not simply focused on the refugees—it is just as much about Christian Americans themselves and the spiritual transformation that they can experience when they choose to welcome refugees. Answer for Anne, a short film created by Lutheran World Action and the National Lutheran Council in 1949, exemplifies this strategy of telling stories about changing Christian hearts. In this film, a schoolgirl named Anne is assigned to write an essay about Displaced Persons and whether or not her community should accept them. She grows frustrated and upset as she grapples with the question, and as she rides her bicycle through town, she has an epiphany about “where to go for the answer”—her church. There, Anne encounters her minister, and together they watch a film about Displaced Persons that causes her to reconsider the issue and become more open to accepting refugees. After the film, her minister emphasizes the Christian responsibility to show generosity and selfless love to neighbors, and then he announces that their congregation is going to be the headquarters for resettlement efforts in their community.

“Well, I felt pretty upset when I came here,” says Anne. “Now, I think our town’ll come through, if we can convert a lot of people!”

“Convert is exactly the word!”, her minister replies.

The film closes with Anne saying a prayer at her desk, where a cross and a framed picture of the Statue of Liberty sit beside her typewriter. “Dear God,” she prays, “thank you for helping me to find the right answer. Give me the love to be unselfish and help me to be strong enough to love my neighbor as myself, as Jesus did.”

Anne is a fictional character, but the conversion that she experiences in the film is one that did in fact happen to many individuals and congregations across the country, not only during the resettlement of Displaced Persons, but of several other refugee groups as well. Religious organizations have done the lion’s share of refugee resettlement work in the U.S., and that has been possible in part because of the deliberate efforts to change the hearts and minds of people of faith. Indeed, these converts would turn out to be the powerful engine of grassroots resettlement efforts.

Changing Christian Hearts in the Trump Era

In current debates about immigration and refugee resettlement, religious leaders from nearly every denomination have opposed the restrictionist and exclusionist policies of the Trump administration. However, lay people have not followed their church leaders on this issue, as evidenced by public opinion polls. A Pew poll in May found that 68 per cent of white evangelical Protestants do not believe that the U.S. has an obligation to accept refugees; only 25 per cent believe that it does. As this and other polls suggest, transforming religious communities remains an important and necessary task for New Sanctuary and other faith-based immigrant justice groups.

Ultimately, the many Christians who are outraged by the plight of separated migrant families need to continue to press the Trump administration to change its policies, and they also need to urge state and local governments to use their powers to hold public and private institutions involved in the current crisis accountable. Government is not the only target, though. Christians also need to work for transformation and conversion in their own faith communities. Government policies need to change, yes, but so, too, do Christian hearts and minds.

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  • Stefan Stackhouse

    One does not need to deny that the US – like all countries – needs to have reasonable border controls in order to recognize that we could handle things better than we have been. The way things have actually been done does not at all reflect the better people and society that we aspire to or even pretend to be.

    I believe that a very basic issue that really needs to be explored critically and seriously: Are we who call ourselves Christian Americans a people who walk by faith or by fear. The truth is that the xenophobic hostility toward those from beyond our shores and the desire to exclude them is an impulse that is totally rooted in fear. Jesus calls us to walk by faith, and He calls us to radical and impartial love toward ALL our “neighbors” (i.e., ALL people). It is impossible to pick and choose between these, they go together. There is nothing remotely Christian about walking by fear and hatred (or even just dislike) of others. Indeed, it is the exact opposite of genuine Christianity. I really do wonder if those who are in our pews and who claim to be “Christians” – or even “Evangelicals” – really are such when they are so clearly walking by fear and hatred.

    This doesn’t just apply to the immigration issue, either. We really see it across the board.

    Maybe it is time for those whose hearts and minds have been genuinely transformed by God’s grace, who are genuinely striving to walk as faithful and loving disciples of Jesus Christ, to take our stand, insist that this is the way we are going to be and this is the path we are going to take, and that others can either walk with us or take a different path. I don’t see how congregations consisting of both the faithful and fearful, the loving and hateful, can really continue to coexist and be of any use to anybody.

  • Salvatore Luiso

    I heartily agree that “Government policies need to change, yes, but so, too, do Christian hearts and minds”.

    I do not agree that “If the American public has been consistent in its rejection of refugees, religious leaders have been consistent in their embrace of them”. This may have been true in the past, but it isn’t now. Are there not evangelical leaders who defend Trump’s rejection of refugees?

    Last week _The Washington Post_ published this article:

    **Why evangelical voters support Trump’s policy on refugees — even though evangelical leaders object**

    In May it published this article:

    **The group least likely to think the U.S. has a responsibility to accept refugees? Evangelicals.**

  • Nancy Pinkerton Hubbell

    Sadly your article – perhaps intentionally – misses some major elements in the objections Americans in or out of the church have regarding the current refugees – really immigrants not refugees –
    situation in our nation. There is no comparison to the current challenges with those who emigrated to the USA 40-90+ years ago !! Most are immigrants, not coming here for asylum, but to infiltrate our nation – never to assimilate & become contributors to our nation – rather than to make demands for our nation & people to accept & adapt to their beliefs, lifestyles & mores by making demands
    for changes that would adversely impact our nation. Most of these immigrants have NO intention to work hard, adapt & contribute to our society/culture. They are coming to get from us & dominate. It may benefit you to thoroughly listen to muslim clerics & look at what has happened to communities thru-out our nation that have been inundated by muslim groups. Check out the projected demopgraphics for Europe & the USA for the next 7-20 years – it’s frightening. Europe is all but lost !!! I live in MI and have observed 1st hand at the devastation these groups have brought to our State. They are engaged in an immigration & birthing jihad against the west. My family escaped one of their genocides when they murdered 75-80% of our people groups for being Christian. More than 100,000 Christians are being martyred yearly by these groups in other nations. I believe you & many others are profoundly uninformed as to their intent, hencefeeling to be benevolent to them.
    Sadly, the immigrants too are deceived by their leaders, being told they are coming here for a better life when primarily they are being used as pawns. Ironically – Obama allowed very few Christians –
    true refugees from the middle-east – to enter our country – primarily muslims ……. curious ??

  • Ellen D.

    So many falsehoods in one comment. But thanks for stepping forward to demonstrate what the above article was talking about, in terms of necessary change in the pews.

    I also live in Michigan, my husband works in Dearborn. There is no “devastation “ here, unless one counts “having to see dark-skinned Middle Eastern men, and women wearing headscarves, as devastation. The food is really good, too, really you should get out of the white bubble you live in and go pay a visit. But before you go you might want to read some of the discussions in this link, to correct some of the false ideas you have absorbed:

    As for immigrants… I work for a local nursery that gets stock from a supplier in Ohio. That supplier lost half of their employees to an ICE raid and so has not been able to keep up with orders. Their community is devastated, vulnerable children left unattended. The business has been unable to find anyone else willing to do the hard work that their Mexican employees did. So much for your claim that these people are just a bunch of lazy takers.

    100,000 Christians murdered every year for their faith? That’s a lie, too. Why don’t you read this:

    President Obama actively excluded Christian refugees in favor of Muslim refugees? Another lie.

    I know where you get these ideas, because I’ve listened to the local hate radio and read the hate websites that spread this filth. They would not exist without an eager audience ready to believe and repeat the lies. That makes me angry; I’m not going to apologize if that anger has filtered into my comment, because this sort of disinformation has had a devastating effect on real people and communities.