Orthodox Anglicanism

My entrance into Anglicanism many years ago, while I was a student at Bob Jones University, was through a little Anglican breakaway church called ‘The Anglican Orthodox Church’. The word ‘orthodoxy’ is used by Anglicans not to indicate an affiliation with the churches of the East, but to claim that they are holding to the true historic faith.

David Hall has sent a link to this article by an  Anglican priest posted on the site Virtue Online (strapline: The Voice of Global Orthodox Anglicanism) trying to define ‘Orthodox Anglicanism’ to a Chaldean priest.

The Anglican priest has trouble defining ‘Orthodox Anglicanism’. At the recent GAFCON conference (which was mostly a conference of conservative Evangelical Anglicans) the emphasis was on the Bible and the 39 Articles of Religion. However, this alienates the ‘orthodox’ Anglo Catholics who have no love for the 39 Articles which they regard as unfortunate Protestant propaganda.
Another friend, who is an Anglican minister in one of the many Anglican breakaway churches, explained the difficulty the different breakaway churches have in getting together. “We try to build bridges with the other groups,” he explained “but we have the old prayer book and they use the Roman Missal or they have women priests but we don’t or we have Catholic devotions and doctrine, but they are Protestant and anti-Catholic.”
In other words the definition of ‘Orthodox Anglicanism’ changes depending on which ‘orthodox Anglican’ you’re talking to. For some it is adherence to Scripture and the 39 Articles. For others is is adherence to the 1662  Prayer Book. For others it is adherence to a ‘valid’ episcopacy, the Roman Missal and prayers to Our Lady of Walsingham.
The same problem exists with C.S.Lewis’ famous idea, ‘Mere Christianity’. He called Christians to rally around that core of Christian belief which was the simple faith once delivered to the saints. But what is that core faith? Who defines it? Is it simply adherence to the historic creeds? Does it include the sacraments? Must it include traditional Christian morality? Lewis’ Mere Christianity turns out to be ephemeral. Without a clear definition of what it is, who can say if anyone actually holds to it? The same criticism is made of ‘Orthodox Anglicanism’ and ‘Mere Christianity’ that Cardinal Newman made of the Anglican via media–that it was no more than a ‘good idea.’
There is an additional problem: not only do the various conservative Anglican groups claim that their religion is the true ‘orthodox’ faith, but the Liberals they so despise also claim that they are following the true, historic faith. What conservative Protestants find it so hard to see is that the Liberals also believe they are following the path of true, apostolic, historic Christianity. 
This is how it works: the radical feminists and homosexualists (and whatever other loopy ’cause’) claim that the historic church was always a prophetic church. Jesus was always on the side of the marginalized. He was always standing up for justice. He was always on the side of those who were oppressed by the forces of self righteousness, hide bound tradition, man made religious rules and Pharisaism. The conservatives are those forces at work in the church today. Therefore it is the Liberals who are the truly ‘orthodox’ for they are the ones who bravely stand up against the reactionary forces of oppression, persecution of minorities and religious legalism. The Liberals believe they are the truly spiritually faithful ones, as they hold their heads aloft and endure the persecution (just like Jesus did) of the religious hypocrites.
Once this is thrown into the mix the search for ‘orthodox Anglicanism’ becomes even more complex. 
So just where is the Church? Where is the authority who can define and defend the historic Christian faith? 
As it happens, they have a website: You can find it here.

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/07842496412575851453 Will Duquette

    Yup. I was a member at an Episcopal parish that broke away and joined the Church of Uganda. We referred to ourselves as “biblically orthodox.” Eventually I began to wonder what on earth that meant…and my search for the answer led me to Rome.Your dismissal of Lewis’ “Mere Christianity” is a little harsh, given that he never presented it as the ultimate form of Christian belief but as a starting point for learning what Christianity is about. That said, I’ve noticed a tendency towards a “minimum daily requirement” definition of Christianity in some Anglican circles, i.e., how little doctrine must we insist on to be Christian. One of the things that led me to Rome was the discovery that I didn’t want the minimum daily requirement; I wanted the whole feast, in all of its glory.I should add, none of the above is meant as a criticism of my brothers and sisters at my former parish. Christ is certainly preached and lived there; the stated goal of the parish is “intentional discipleship,” as the St. Catherine of Siena Institute defines it. But for me, Anglicanism wasn’t enough.

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/12373317560249811006 Fr. Dwight Longenecker

    Thank you for your correction in my assessment of Lewis’ book. You’re right. He was simply introducing readers to the basics. It is his followers who tried to find a reduced Christianity that all could follow.Yes, let’s have it all. Thus my book ‘More Christianity’

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/01379244511897838006 Marcus Aurelius

    Fr. L you should have closed this post with this link:http://www.catholicscomehome.org/index.phtmlto bad there’s not one for ‘Anglicans come home’!!

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/01379244511897838006 Marcus Aurelius

    Fr. L,You left out the flip side. You point out that the Liberals that orthodox Anglicans often react to are wrong in various ways but that it ought to point them to Rome. You failed to mention, though I am sure you’ll agree, that good conservativism points in one direction (obedience to Rome) and bad conservativism points in abother, (schism ala SSPX). Conservative Anglicans have a choice then, don’t they?

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/01379244511897838006 Marcus Aurelius

    Fr. L,I just got back from my first attendance of an Anglican Use event. This would be the Boston area’s St. Athanasius:http://www.locutor.net/I went to an Evensong and Benediction service that was held this evening for the feast of St. Peter and St. Paul. It was a very nice service, and the discussion regarding the martyrs of the early Roman church was very good. We sang several hymns by St. Thomas Aquinas, but in english of course, which was a nice change (it seems even in the overly modern church we sing them only in Latin).I’ve yet to decide if I’ll visit again. It’s half an hour away, whilst my Roman megaparish is walking distance, and I am on the parish council. They only have about 50 members. It seems to me that once you cross the Tiber you find a nearby parish and ‘walk like a Roman’. It will be interesting to watch the unfolding crisis in the Anglican communion, another possible influx of converts, and whether or not they reinvigorate the Anglican rite or simply integrate into Roman life.I’ll be interested in reading about your visit to the Anglican Use conference this summer.

  • http://www.blogger.com/profile/03021781365974293126 Steve Cavanaugh

    Dear Marcus,Well, I hope you do join us again (and any other readers of Fr. Longenecker who are in the Boston area). I also travel 1/2 hour for St. Athanasius services most weeks, despite being within walking distance of an RC “megaparish” in Brockton where I’m in the St. Vincent de Paul Society. Evensong, e.g., is something we do monthly, and wouldn’t conflict with membership your parish I suspect.Upcoming dates:July 20, 5 pmSep 14, 5 pmSep 21, 4 pm at Stonehill CollegeNov 2, 5 pmNov 23, 5 pmNov 30, 5 pm Advent Lessons & Carols

  • Fr. John W. Morris

    I stumbled on this article looking for a place for discussions between Eastern Orthodox Christians and Anglicans, and was shocked to find that it’s title is somewhat deceptive. This is a sitet really designed to convert Anglicans to Roman Catholicism. As a former Anglican who converted to Eastern Orthodoxy I believe that the true place for Orthodox Anglicans is the Orthodox Church, certainly not Rome. The Orthodox Church has preserved without corruption the Faith of the ancient undivided Church without the innovations introduced by the papacy that the English Reformers rightly rejected during the Reformation. The English Reformers sought to restore to the Church of England to the Faith of the ancient undivided Church before the papal innovations. The Faith that they sought has been preserved without corruption by the Eastern Orthodox Church. Although the vast majority of Orthodox, like myself, worship according to the ancient and venerable Byzantine Rite, there are Western Rite Orthodox parishes under the ancient Patriarchate of Antioch and the Patriarchate of Moscow. They use a revised form of the 1928 Episcopal Liturgy reformed to express Orthodox theology, or the old Tridentine Mass also reformed to express Orthodox Theology. Thus, I take issue with the title of this article because it is misleading.


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