Hail Lady Death: Death Goddesses From Around The World

Hail Lady Death: Death Goddesses From Around The World September 11, 2018

Death goddesses seem to be more prominent lately.  Everyone I know worships at least one of them, if not two.  Maybe it’s a sign of our times, when women are fighting for equal rights, and with all that power, they seem to be more lethal than ever.  Or maybe the magnitudes of those who worship the death goddesses are yet another evolution of our generation; a rejection of the way our parents viewed death and the afterlife.   Maybe death deities are needed by us now more than ever before and they’re visiting us more now because as a society, we’re more open-minded.

Goddess Lady Death Hel pagan goddess norse
Art by Winged Bullet, CC3.0, cropped

Whatever the reason, let’s examine various death goddesses from many cultures around the world.

The Morrigan

The Morrigan, also known as the Queen of Phantoms, is an intense triple goddess from Irish/Celtic lore, associated with crows or ravens, battle, and death.  It is said she shapeshifts into a crow/raven and can foretell of death.  She is also said to carry the souls of the dead in her black wings, toward rebirth.

The Morrigan is not to be taken lightly.  I’ve heard tell that she is quite demanding of her followers, but just as rewarding.  In her pantheon, she doesn’t rule over the land of the dead in her pantheon, but her strength and sovereignty are never in question.

Hel

One of my principal goddesses is Hel, the Norse goddess of death.  She rules over Niflheim, also known as the World of Mist, or Hel.  It’s the place where the gentle dead go — those who have not died in battle.

hel lady death goddess pagan norse deity witch
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Hel, or Lady Death, appears as a half-rotted young woman, with flesh on one side of her face and body and nothing but bones on the other side.  Her visage may scare some people, but I believe it’s a sign of her being in two worlds (or of two worlds).  Some people say her lessons can be harsh, but I haven’t experienced that.  She can be a very loving, gentle, and maternal goddess.  She is sometimes associated with ravens/crows, but this might be more of a newer gnosis about her.

Santa Muerte

Santa Muerte, also known as Our Lady of Holy Death, is a goddess from the Southwestern United States and Mexico whose worship has spread like wildfire.  Her worship has increased drastically in the past decades, claiming worshippers all over the world.  She is usually depicted as the personification of death — as a skeleton draped in a cloak with a hood. Santa Muerte sometimes holds a scythe and/or a globe.

Apparently, her saintly title isn’t quite legitimate: the Catholic Church has been trying for years to dissuade people from worshipping her, but her pull is so much greater.  Some posit that her worship is so attractive because, unlike the church, “she is said not to punish for traditional sins.”  Her worshippers remark upon her kindness and protection for the living.

Death Skeleton Skull Face Grim Reaper Background
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Mictecacihuatl

Santa Muerte’s origins may lie with the Aztec goddess Mictecacihuatl, known to her followers as Lady Death.  She appears as a skeleton as well and ruled over the otherworld with her husband, Mictlantecuhtli.  She presides over festivals for the beloved dead, which are thought to be the origin of the Day of the Dead celebrations.  Her role in the underworld is to guard the bones of the deceased.

Ereshkigal

The Sumerian goddess Ereshkigal had many titles, including  Queen of the Underworld, Queen of the Night, and Queen of the Great Below.  As Inanna’s older sister, she is possibly one of the most ancient deities known.  In the relief below, she holds a rod and a ring as symbols of power, and possibly as an early ankh.  Animals associated with her include owls and lions, and she has beautiful owl-like wings and talons.

Ereshkigal goddess death pagan sumerian
Ereshkigal, Wikimedia Commons

Ereshkigal was reportedly the only deity who could pass laws and judge others in her Sumerian times.  In later myths, created by Babylonians, Ereshkigal married the god Nergal and shared rulership of the underworld with him.  She is thought by some to have become syncretized as part of the ancient Greek goddess Hekate.

Hekate

Hekate, Queen of Witchcraft and Titan goddess, has seen a stellar rise in prominence lately.  While she’s not known as a goddess of death per se, she has some deathly aspects, including guiding spirits of the dead.  Likewise, her magic comes from the underworld.   Hekate may be called upon to assist with souls traveling in the land of the dead.

Mamam Brigitte

In Haitian Vodou, Mamam Brigitte is the Queen of the Cemetery.  She’s a Haitian adoption of the Celtic goddess Brigit, complete with white skin and red hair, and is thought to have been brought to Haiti by servants from Ireland and Scotland.  Mamam Brigitte is the wife of Baron Samedi, and together, they are the “mother and father who reclaim the souls of the dead and transform them into lwa Ghede.”

New graveyards in Haiti dedicate the first woman’s gravestone with Mamam Brigitte’s cross.  She protects the dead and the living as well, giving people better lives through luck and fidelity.

Isis

Isis, the Egyptian goddess of “Great Magic,” was thought to have assisted the souls of the dead on their journeys and may have judged them as well.  Yet another maternal goddess commonly known as Mother Isis, she protects the dead, and heals and cures the living.  Isis is commonly shown with wings — she is thought to be a bird goddess, and her animal is the bird of prey.

goddess isis mother Egyptian pronounce pronunciation correct
Photo by Darla Hueske, CC-BY ND 2.0.

Kali

The Hindu goddess Kali is known as “Night of Death” and “the changing aspect of nature that bring things to life or death.”  She is associated with “death… and, paradoxically in some of her later historical appearances, motherly love.”

She is thought to carry the spirits of the dead with her, although some believe that story is an allegory, because she only ever caused the death of demons and the ego, and thus, would not carry actual human spirits.  At the very least, she hangs out at cremation grounds and protects people from harm.  She is also known as Mahakali, the kind maternal goddess and divine mother.

Maguayan

This Fillipino goddess rules over both the sea and the underworld.  She helped create the first humans with the god of the sky, and guides the souls of the dead in a ferry boat to the underworld. She is loving, maternal, and calm; but if angered, she can be harsh and violent, as is seen in her great storms.

*      *      *

From around the world, death goddesses enrapture their followers.  Common themes appear to arise amongst them, including maternal vibes, protection, birds/wings, and the potential for retribution if they judge anyone has done wrong by their followers.

I found it interesting that death goddesses are often said to be maternal and loving. It may seem ironic, but it’s a lesson in duality — pain and love can coexist together, and often do. When I feel the pain of losing a loved one, the death goddesses’ infinite compassion help me understand the loss and also my own heart a little better.

If you wish to worship any of them, approach slowly with much respect.  These deities are not often the easiest to get to know.  I hear very often that they will let you know if they’re interested in working with you.

 ~ Align with Starlight Witch ~

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About Astrea
Astrea is a polytheistic pagan witch, fire dancer, new ager, and writer of fiction. Check out her social media accounts to see all her blog posts and extra special witchy / artsy / personal content. You can read more about the author here.
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What Are Your Thoughts?leave a comment
  • Novelista

    I started following Kali-ma a couple of years ago and have definitely noticed a difference between being with Her and being with Isis. I call Her the Queen of Death and Rebirth, Mother of Time and of Fate, Governess of Power, and Mother to Those Who Kick Ass–Especially Women. (But usually just Queen Kali, Kali-ma or My Lady.)

    I had a bit of a “WHOA!” moment when I got to the bit about hanging around cremation grounds. My dad is a funeral assistant and is the one who is most frequently sent to the crematorium, so My Lady probably has Her eye on him, too!

  • Falkenna

    At 66 I found I needed to form such a relationship; it feels very different from contacting a warrior goddess like the Morrigan at 30.

    Hel has not yet answered, but I haven’t given up. But because of her star connection (and my recurring Egyptian connections), I have undertaken to try to meet Nut. From Wikipedia:

    She Who Holds a Thousand Souls:

    Nut was the goddess of the sky and all heavenly bodies, a symbol of protecting the dead when they enter the afterlife.
    Because of her role in saving Osiris, Nut was seen as a friend and protector of the dead, who appealed to her as a child appeals to its mother:

    “O my Mother Nut, stretch Yourself over me, that I may be
    placed among the imperishable stars which are in You, and that I may not die.”

    Nut was thought to draw the dead into her star-filled sky, and refresh them with food and wine: “I am Nut, and I have come so that I may enfold and protect you from all things evil.”
    She was often painted on the inside lid of the sarcophagus, protecting the deceased. The vaults of tombs were often painted dark blue with many stars as a representation of Nut.

  • I. H. Hagar

    I am a devotee of the Morrigan. I have been for at least ten years. I keep telling her I am not a warrior but she says there are different kinds of warriors. Some fight with guns and swords and physical strength and others fight with pen and paper, computer and words. Some pray and perform rituals. I feel her very strongly and I have since I was a young girl (I’m seventy now) but I was told and I read that she was very dangerous. At almost sixty I decided I would find out more about her and dangerous or not I would work with her. She was, after all , the one who had been calling to me. Well, she and I have formed a very close bond. I love and appreciate her as only a woman who has been a mother and has come close to death and feels emotions, especially injustice and any kind of abuse, deeply. I can see why she is thought of as scary and dangerous. She is frustrated and disappointed that the world especially men keep fighting needless and often times unjust wars. That we keep hurting and killing each other just to prove we are dominant. Hatred fills our world just because of skin color, religion, and gender identity. The Sex War, men v. women and women v. men. As the black man said after he was so terribly beaten by the Gang in Blue, “why can’t we all just get along?”. I have also started working with Santa Muerte. She too is not as dangerous and demanding as I had heard. She has many different personas and qualities that I find very easy to work with. Maybe it’s because I am a Crone that I have come to accept and embrace the aspect of Death and dying. My mother died two years ago and I believe she was so happy. She couldn’t walk anymore and she had always been a very active person. She depended entirely on my “baby” sister who will be sixty this year. Mom was a housewife as I am and it is hard work, no pay, and very few rewards. So I think she was very physically tired and ready to go dancing with my Dad who died in nineteen ninety-four. Well, enough of that. I loved the article. I will copy it to put in my book of Goddesses and I will pin it to my boards on the Morrigan and Santa Muerte.