Should God the Father be Visually Depicted in Paintings?

Should God the Father be Visually Depicted in Paintings? July 8, 2020

Yes, as long as it is understood as “artistic license”. Literally speaking, the Bible teaches that God the Father is an invisible spirit (Col 1:15; 1 Tim 1:17). I think it is permissible to portray the “idea” of God the Father visually, just as the equally invisible Holy Spirit was portrayed (by God’s express design) as a dove at Jesus’ baptism (see Mt 3:16; Mk 1:10; Lk 3:22; Jn 1:32).

Likewise, God the Father on several occasions in the Old Testament presented Himself visually in the form of the “Angel of the Lord” or in what are known as “theophanies” (see, e.g., Ex 3:2-6 for one “famous” example).

This being the case, paintings of God the Father, though not literal to His nature, are permissible, since the Bible permits similar representations of the Father and the Holy Spirit (neither of Whom has a body or physicality).

Moreover, there is even some biblical basis for visualizing God the Father as the stereotypical old man with white hair. The prophet Daniel saw this in one of his “visions” (Dan 7:7):

Daniel 7:9 As I looked, thrones were placed and one that was ancient of days took his seat; his raiment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like pure wool; his throne was fiery flames, its wheels were burning fire.  (cf.  Rev 1:13-15, which describes Jesus in similar fashion)

The “son of man” (the Messiah or Jesus) appeared before the Father and was given dominion over the kingdom (Dan 7:13-14). Jesus referred to this passage and “coming on the clouds of heaven” during His trial (Mt 26:64; cf. Mk 14:62).


Related Reading

Early Protestant Antipathy Towards Art (+ Iconoclasm) [1991]

Veneration of Images, Iconoclasm, and Idolatry (An Exposition) [11-15-02]

Martin Luther on Crucifixes, Images and Statues of Saints, and the Sign of the Cross [4-15-08]

Crucifixes: Abominable Idols or Devotional Aids? [11-10-09]

Biblical Evidence for Worship of God Via an Image [6-24-11]

Worshiping God Through Images is Entirely Biblical [National Catholic Register, 12-23-16]

Dialogue on Worship of God Via Natural Images (vs. Jim Drickamer) [1-16-17]

Statues in Relation to Bowing, Prayer, & Worship in Scripture [12-26-17]

Biblical Evidence for Veneration of Saints and Images [National Catholic Register, 10-23-18]


(originally from 2015)


Photo credit: God the Father (c. 1635-1640), by Guercino (1591-1666) [public domain / Wikimedia Commons]


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