Salvation, Justification, & “Faith Alone” (Index Page)

Salvation, Justification, & “Faith Alone” (Index Page) November 8, 2006
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(October 2010, 187 pages)
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GENERAL (CATHOLIC SOTERIOLOGY) / INFUSED JUSTIFICATION / FAITH AND WORKS

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Justification: Classic Catholic & Protestant Reflections [1994]

Fictional Dialogue: Justification & Salvation [1995]

Dialogue on Grace (vs. Anti-Catholic Phil Johnson) [1996]

Romans 2-4 & “Works of the Law”: Patristic Interpretation (2-16-01)

Justification in James: Dialogue [5-8-02]

Council of Trent: Canons on Justification (with a handy summary of Tridentine soteriology) [12-29-03]

Initial Justification & “Faith Alone”: Harmonious? [5-3-04]

Theosis and the Exalted Virgin Mary [7-11-04]

“Catholicism Refuted”? (Kevin Cauley): Pt. V: Salvation (+ Purgatory Again) [12-11-04]

“The Prayer of a Righteous Man Availeth Much” (James 5:16: KJV): What Does It Mean? Dialogue with a Lutheran (vs. Stuart Floyd) [6-8-05]

Catholics’ Underemphasis on Justification by Faith [3-30-06]

Dialogue w Three Lutherans on Justification & Salvation [2-1-07]

Catholic Bible Verses on Sanctification and Merit [12-20-07]

Origen (c. 185 – c. 254 ) on Faith, Works, and Judgment [2-27-08; re-posted to Facebook on 1-27-17]

Catholic-Protestant Common Ground (Esp. Re Good Works) [4-8-08]

Comparative Soteriology (Salvation): A Handy Chart [7-19-08]

St. Paul on Grace, Faith, & Works (50 Passages) [8-6-08]

Grace, Faith, Works, & Judgment: A Scriptural Exposition [12-16-09; reformulated & abridged on 3-15-17]

Bible on Participation in Our Own Salvation (Always Enabled by God’s Grace) [1-3-10]

Monergism in Initial Justification is Catholic Doctrine [1-7-10]

Bible on the Nature of Saving Faith (Including Assent, Trust, Hope, Works, Obedience, and Sanctification) [1-21-10]

Biblical “Power”: Proof of Infused (Catholic) Justification [3-14-11]

Justification: Not by Faith Alone, & Ongoing (Romans 4, James 2, and Abraham’s Multiple Justifications) [10-15-11]

St. Paul’s Use of the Term “Gift” & Infused Justification [2013]

New Testament Epistles on Bringing About Further Sanctification and Even Salvation By Our Own Actions [7-2-13]

Dialogue on Faith and Works and the Relation of Each to the Final Judgment (vs. Bethany Kerr) [10-10-13]

“In Him” An Expression of the Oneness of Theosis? [3-13-14]

St. Peter Sinking (Faith & Jesus’ Expectations) [8-11-14]

Salvation, Eternal Security, & Grace: Dialogue w Bethany Kerr [4-13-15]

“Catholic Justification” in James & Romans [11-18-15]

Philippians 2:12 & “Work[ing] Out” One’s Salvation [1-26-16]

Catholicism = “False Gospel”?: Exchange with Anti-Catholic [3-18-17]

Reply to a Calvinist on Faith Alone and Works [of God Only?] [4-4-17]

Is God Alone Holy, According to Scripture? Or Can We Be Too? [5-3-17]

Debate with a Lutheran Pastor on Faith and Works [5-4-17]

“The Lord Helps Those Who Help Themselves” [National Catholic Register, 7-19-17]

Biblical Evidence for Salvation as a Process [National Catholic Register, 8-4-17]

“Faith and Works”: Unbiblical, Semi-Pelagian Terminology? [11-4-17]

Seidensticker Folly #22: Contradiction? Saved by Faith or Works? [10-1-18]

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SOLA FIDE (FAITH ALONE): THE PROTESTANT VIEW 

“Doing Something” for Salvation: Dialogue w Evangelical [1996]

Trent Doesn’t Necessarily Exclude All Variants of Imputation (Kenneth Howell) [Facebook, July 1996]

Dialogue w Baptist on Romans 1:1-3 & Justification [January 1997; revised 8-11-00]

Faith Alone: Development of Church Fathers & St. Augustine? [11-24-00]

Romans 2-4 & “Works of the Law”: Patristic Interpretation (2-16-01)

“If You Died Tonight”: Debate w Matt Slick of CARM [5-22-03]

Paul vs. Calvin: “Doers of the Law” Will be Justified [2004]

Luther’s “Snow-Covered Dunghill” (Myth?) [10-5-05]

John Wesley (Founder of Methodism), Denied “Faith Alone”? [10-20-05]

Catholics’ Underemphasis on Justification by Faith [3-30-06]

Luther’s Projection of His Depression & Crises Onto St. Paul [6-1-06]

Dialogue on Luther’s “Getting to a Gracious God” (vs. Lutheran historian “CPA”) [6-4-06]

Alister McGrath on the Protestant Innovation (Corruption?) of Imputed Justification [Facebook, 8-28-06]

Dialogue w Three Lutherans on Justification & Salvation [2-1-07]

Church Fathers & Justification: Martin Chemnitz vs. Catholicism [9-9-07]

Church Fathers vs. the “Reformation Pillar” of “Faith Alone” [10-24-07]

Final Judgment & Works (Not Faith): 50 Passages [2-10-08]

Origen (c. 185 – c. 254 ) on Faith, Works, and Judgment [Facebook, 2-27-08]

Catholic-Protestant Common Ground (Esp. Re Good Works) [4-8-08]

“Working Out” Salvation & Protestant Soteriology (vs. Ken Temple) [4-9-08]

Martin Luther: Good Works Prove Authentic Faith [4-16-08]

John Calvin: Good Works Manifest True Saving Faith [9-4-08]

Martin Luther: Strong Elements in His Thinking of Theosis & Sanctification Linked to Justification [11-23-09]

Martin Luther: Faith Alone is Not Lawless Antinomianism [2-28-10]

Catholics & Justification by Faith Alone: Is There a Sense in Which Catholics Can Accept “Faith Alone” and/or Imputed Justification (with Proper Biblical Qualifications)? [9-28-10]

Dialogue with a Lutheran: Salvation & Miscellany [10-14-11]

“Leaven” of the Pharisees: Hypocrisy or False Doctrine? (vs. Lutheran Nathan Rinne) [11-3-11]

The “Obedience of Faith” in Paul and its Soteriological Implications (Justification and Denial of “Faith Alone”) [from Ferdinand Prat, S. J.; Facebook, 2-1-12]

Bishop James White on the Book of James: His Juvenile “Challenge” Will be Met [10-7-13]

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SIN / MORTAL AND VENIAL SIN
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Dialogue on Mortal & Venial Sin [4-14-06]

Blaise Pascal on Ridicule and Sarcasm Regarding Sin and Folly [12-29-11]

Martin Luther and Lutherans on Mortal & Venial Sins [10-30-17]

“Hate the Sin, Love the Sinner”: Biblical & Christlike? [8-21-18]

Should We Pray for All People or Not (1 John 5:16)? [9-5-18]

 

ASSURANCE OF SALVATION / ETERNAL SECURITY / APOSTASY / PERSEVERANCE OF THE SAINTS / PREDESTINATION / GOD’S SOVEREIGNTY
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Dialogue on Luther’s “Getting to a Gracious God” (vs. Lutheran historian “CPA”) [6-4-06]

Romans 9: Plausible Non-Calvinist Interpretation [4-22-10]

God’s “Punishing” of Descendants: Unjust? [7-8-10]

Novelist Anne Rice’s Deconversion: Straw Men & “Baby / Bathwater” (conversion to humanism but not atheism) [7-30-10 and 8-9-10]

Salvation, Eternal Security, & Grace: Dialogue w Bethany Kerr [4-13-15]

“Once Saved, Always Saved”: Is it Biblical? Antinomian? [8-18-15]

Fallen-Away Catholics: They Never Were in the Fold? [Facebook, 10-27-16]

God “Hardening Hearts”: How Do We Interpret That? [12-18-08; expanded on 1-4-17]

My “Review” of Martin Scorsese’s Silence (+ Facebook Discussion #1 / Facebook Discussion #2) [1-13-17]

Some Nagging Questions About Scorsese’s Silence [National Catholic Register, 2-19-17]

“Reply to Calvin” #1: The Elect [3-3-17]

“Reply to Calvin” #3: Synergism, Grace Alone, & the Elect [4-3-17]

Luther (Unlike Lutheranism) Taught Double Predestination [1-11-18]

Predestination and Salvation: Q & A with an Atheist [7-24-18]

Predestination Mysteries: Dialogue with an Atheist [7-24-18]

Seidensticker Folly #3: Falsehoods About God & Free Will [8-14-18]

Should We Pray for All People or Not (1 John 5:16)? [9-5-18]

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LIMITED VS. UNIVERSAL ATONEMENT / ERROR OF UNIVERSALISM
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THE GOSPEL, FAITH, AND “PERSONAL RELATIONSHIP WITH JESUS” 
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Good News: Evangelical & Catholic Gospel Presented [June 1982; expanded on 7-17-02]
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Gospel: Defined by the Earliest Christian Preaching [January 1988; expanded and revised on 7-8-02]
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GRACE, CATHOLIC ANTI-PELAGIANISM, SYNERGISM, AND MERIT

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ORIGINAL SIN AND TOTAL DEPRAVITY 
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Total Depravity & the Evil of the Non-Elect (vs. John Calvin) [10-12-12]
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Last updated on 10 October 2018.
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  • Dave,

    There's obviously a lot of different words thrown around between the various Protestant sects and Catholicism in relation to grace, faith, works, merit, sin, etc. I'm going to give an extremely simple analogy, and can you tell me if it reflects the Catholic teachings more or the Protestant?

    Guy is walking along a bridge and slips off. The water he falls into is much too strong for him to get out on his own (sin/fallen nature). A guy in a boat comes along and holds out his hand to the drowning guy (grace is freely offered). The guy grabs the boatmans hand (combination of faith and works) and climbs on board. Guy = saved.

    As far as I understand Christianity, our condition is, for the most part, along these lines. If one isn't careful, he can slip up in explaining it though. I can sensibly say that "the drowning man saved himself by grabbing the boatman's hand" and at the same time say "the boatman saved the drowning guy's life by offering his hand". These two sentences *seem* to contradict, but as long as the story is understood as it was told above, the confusion is only one of words. If, however, one tries to reason from the words to the story, it can be very confusing. It's hard to piece together backwards in that way, so to speak. Many Protestant sects (from my experience) don't focus on the story and instead (it seems to me) seize on one sentence and only that sentence, which leads to a distortion.

    But anyway, latin words aside, does the story above accurately reflect the Catholic understanding of our salvation? (Disregarding Predestination, which I believe to be another case of focusing too much on sentences and losing the general idea)

  • I suppose to get more specific I could also say things like "the boatman pulls the guy out of the water" to emphasize more that it is the boatman who has, in a certain sense, the intial and greater task. But even if I didn't add this, the point would still remain that without the boatman's help, the man would drown.

    And would it be accurate to introduce the concept of merit by saying that, once on the boat, the drowing man is given some tools to go about fishing or whatever… that is, because he was first given these tools and saved, he is granted the ability to do good deeds(if we take fishing in the analogy as doing a "good deed". I know it's a stretch but work with me!)

    Would this be accurate?

  • That's a pretty good description. God causes all good things by His grace; we cooperate along with the grace, so that or merit is just God crowning His own gifts (St. Augustine).

  • Again, for lack of time and energy I'll have to refer you back to my papers, because this topic is such a huge one.

    Right now I'm trying to concentrate mostly on generating more income, due to the economy which has done a number on our income.

  • I do think you have to also give a picture of those who are not saved. Why not? Is it because they are not strong enough to grab the boatman's hand? Is it because the boatman somehow does not do everything required?

    The best Catholic analogy I can come up with is that people don't get saved because they choose to swim instead. Life on a boat can be very demanding you know. I have my pride. Maybe I can find a tree and get to shore that way.

  • C'mon, Dave. James and Paul use the word "faith" in different senses- just as, to be honest about it, Lutherans and Catholics do. When Luther wrote that "Faith alone justifies- but not a faith that is alone," do you seriously intend to suggest that James would have disagreed?

    Nothing at all wrong with saying, "The drowning man saved himself by grabbing the boatman's hand-" if it's clearly understood that it was the boatman who made it possible for the suicidally drowning man to want to live. Otherwise the example doesn't even meet the test of Catholic theology, and only a Pelagian (or a Finneyite "Protestant") could accept the formulation.

  • Do you think it is possible to be a Catholic who accepts all Catholic dogmas and still be a Christian, Bob? Is Catholicism a legitimate species of Christianity?