+ Do the Several Third-Person References to Moses in the Pentateuch Prove That He Didn’t Write It?
A few passages in the Torah depict Moses writing specific things down, but the ‘Pentateuch never claims divine or Mosaic authorship.’ [he makes a link there, but he agrees with it] The books of the Torah are broadly anonymous on their face. The tradition of Mosaic authorship appears to be an extrinsic phenomenon that likely developed in ancient Hebrew culture during the middle or last half of the first millennium BCE.
1) claim to be inspired, and
*2) claim to be communicated from God to us primarily by one man, who is relentlessly identified as its author and/or messenger: Moses.
Why does the modern consensus reject the traditional assumption that Moses himself wrote the Torah? The reasons are legion, and would—indeed, do—fill copious books and articles far longer than this article, . . . But perhaps a few key factors warrant mentioning. . . The books of the Torah contain several statements that make little sense coming from Moses. . . . It’s impossible to overlook the brute grammatical reality that the Torah refers consistently to Moses in the third person, not the first.
Jeremiah 1:11 And the word of the LORD came to me, saying, “Jeremiah, what do you see?” . . . (cf. 1:12-14)*Jeremiah 2:1 The word of the LORD came to me, saying, (cf. 13:3, 8; 16:1; 18:5; 24:4)*Jeremiah 24:3 And the LORD said to me, “What do you see, Jeremiah?” . . .
Jeremiah 7:1 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD: (cf. 11:1; 18:1; 21:1; 25:1-2; 27:1; 28:12; 30:1; 33:1)*Jeremiah 14:1 The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah concerning the drought:*Jeremiah 19:14 Then Jeremiah came from Topheth, where the LORD had sent him to prophesy, and he stood in the court of the LORD’s house, and said to all the people: (cf. 20:1-3)*Jeremiah 26:7 The priests and the prophets and all the people heard Jeremiah speaking these words in the house of the LORD.
Ezekiel 1:1 In the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I was among the exiles by the river Chebar, the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God.
Ezekiel 1:3 the word of the LORD came to Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chalde’ans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the LORD was upon him there.
Ezekiel 1:4 As I looked, behold, a stormy wind came out of the north, . . .
Matthew 9:6 But that you may know that the Son of man has authority on earth to forgive sins” — he then said to the paralytic — “Rise, take up your bed and go home.”
Matthew 17:22 As they were gathering in Galilee, Jesus said to them, “The Son of man is to be delivered into the hands of men,”*Matthew 20:28 “even as the Son of man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”*Matthew 26:2 “You know that after two days the Passover is coming, and the Son of man will be delivered up to be crucified.”*Luke 7:34 “The Son of man has come eating and drinking; and you say, `Behold, a glutton and a drunkard, a friend of tax collectors and sinners!’*
Luke 9:58 And Jesus said to him, “Foxes have holes, and birds of the air have nests; but the Son of man has nowhere to lay his head.”*
Luke 22:48 but Jesus said to him, “Judas, would you betray the Son of man with a kiss?”
John 9:35-37 Jesus heard that they had cast him out, and having found him he said, “Do you believe in the Son of man?”  He answered, “And who is he, sir, that I may believe in him?”  Jesus said to him, “You have seen him, and it is he who speaks to you.”
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